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December 18, 2015 0

ADL Reports at Least 75 Anti-Muslim Incidents In US Since Paris Attacks

Fol­low­ing the shoot­ing in San Bernardino that left 14 peo­ple dead and 22 injured, there has been a con­tin­ued esca­la­tion in hos­til­ity and attacks through­out the U.S. against the Mus­lim com­mu­nity and those per­ceived as Muslim.

Islamic Center of Alameda's boarded up window, after it was shattered by a brick

Islamic Cen­ter of Alameda’s boarded up win­dow, after it was shat­tered by a brick (CBS)

Since the San Bernardino shoot­ing on Decem­ber 2, at least 27 anti-Muslim inci­dents have been reported in the U.S., rais­ing the total num­ber of inci­dents since the Novem­ber 13 Paris attacks to at least 75.Between the Paris attacks and the San Bernardino shoot­ing, ADL tracked approx­i­mately 48 anti-Muslim inci­dents. These num­bers are based on reports ADL has col­lected from media and other sources.

Inci­dents such as assaults, van­dal­ism, and threats tar­get­ing Mus­lim indi­vid­u­als and insti­tu­tions in the U.S. tend to notice­ably spike in the after­math of ter­ror­ist attacks linked to Islamic extrem­ists in the U.S or abroad.

Below are selected exam­ples of alleged anti-Muslim inci­dents in the weeks fol­low­ing the San Bernardino attacks, both crim­i­nal and non-criminal:


  • Grand Rapids, Michi­gan: Aman hold­ing up a con­ve­nience store report­edly called the Sikh man­ager a “ter­ror­ist” and sug­gested he was a mem­ber of ISIS before shoot­ing him in the face. (Decem­ber 12)
  • Queens, New York: A man beat a Mus­lim store owner in the Asto­ria neigh­bor­hood of Queens. The attacker report­edly stated, “I kill Mus­lims.” (Decem­ber 5)


  • Hawthorne, Cal­i­for­nia: “Jesus” graf­fiti and a fake hand grenade were left at two mosques. (Decem­ber 12)
  • Alameda, Cal­i­for­nia: A brick was thrown through a mosque’s win­dow, shat­ter­ing the win­dow. (Decem­ber 10)
  • Palm Beach, Florida: The Islamic Cen­ter of Palm Beach was van­dal­ized, its win­dows smashed and fur­ni­ture over­turned. (Decem­ber 3)

Threats and Intimidation

  • Cull­man, Alabama: KKK fliers try to recruit Alaba­mans to stop “the spread of Islam.” (Decem­ber 10)
  • Philadel­phia, Penn­syl­va­nia: A sev­ered pig’s head was thrown at a mosque’s door. (Decem­ber 7)
  • Van­dalia, Ohio: A 7th grader threat­ened to shoot and kill a 6th grade Mus­lim school­mate, report­edly call­ing him a “ter­ror­ist,” a “towel head,” and a “son of ISIS.” (Decem­ber 7)
  • St. Louis, Mis­souri: A threat­en­ing voice­mail was left at the Islamic Cen­ter of St. Louis. The mes­sage report­edly stated “I was a Marine, I killed a lot of Mus­lims, watched a lot of you die and burn…You want to kill? Come my way. I will cut your f-cking head off.” (Decem­ber 5)
  • Fred­er­icks­burg, Vir­ginia: In advance of a pub­lic hear­ing about a new mosque, anti-Muslim fliers were posted around town that read “No Jihad in Fred­er­icks­burg.” (Decem­ber 5)


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November 20, 2015 0

Today We Remember Transgender Lives Lost and Recommit to Justice

For the past six­teen years on Novem­ber 20th, trans­gen­der peo­ple and allies around the world have come together to mark Trans­gen­der Day of Remem­brance (TDOR). It is a day to honor trans­gen­der peo­ple whose lives trag­i­cally ended in the last year as a result of anti-transgender vio­lence and dis­crim­i­na­tion and cel­e­brate the resilience of those who are liv­ing. At memo­r­ial ser­vices around the coun­try, the names of trans­gen­der peo­ple who have been killed in the last year are read.


Much like observ­ing a yahrtzeit (the anniver­sary of a death), it is a time for reflec­tion and intro­spec­tion. This year was an espe­cially vio­lent year, with at least 22 reported mur­ders in the United States since Jan­u­ary, almost dou­ble the num­ber of trans mur­ders in all of 2014. This year has also wit­nessed a sig­nif­i­cant increase in reported non-lethal anti-trans vio­lence. And the major­ity of this year’s vic­tims were trans­gen­der women of color.

Just this past week, the Con­gres­sional LGBT Equal­ity Cau­cus hosted a forum that brought together advo­cates and com­mu­nity lead­ers to dis­cuss how to address soar­ing lev­els of vio­lence against trans­gen­der peo­ple. Unsur­pris­ingly, issues of racism, poverty, the sys­tem­atic mar­gin­al­iza­tion of trans peo­ple, includ­ing dis­crim­i­na­tion in schools, jobs and hous­ing were high­lighted. Advo­cates pri­or­i­tized com­pre­hen­sive nondis­crim­i­na­tion pro­tec­tions and immi­gra­tion and crim­i­nal jus­tice reform as a way to reduce vio­lence against trans people.

Also ear­lier this week, the FBI released the 2014 Hate Crime Sta­tis­tics Act (HCSA) report. While the report doc­u­mented a decrease in the num­ber of reported hate crimes in the United States, crimes tar­get­ing vic­tims on the basis of their gen­der iden­tity tripled. Tripled. And the vio­lence against trans­gen­der peo­ple is not lim­ited to the United States.  Trans Mur­der Mon­i­tor­ing (TMM) project, a pro­gram of Trans­gen­der Europe, sys­tem­at­i­cally mon­i­tors, col­lects and ana­lyzes reports of homi­cides of trans peo­ple world­wide. This year TMM iden­ti­fied 271 trans per­sons to be added to the list to be remembered.

It is impor­tant to take this day to mourn and to honor the lives of those trag­i­cally cut short by hatred and vio­lence. And it is also a day to re-commit to nam­ing the prob­lems work­ing on solutions.

A com­pre­hen­sive fed­eral anti-discrimination law that explic­itly includes gen­der iden­tity is essen­tial. We must ensure that trans­gen­der peo­ple are explic­itly pro­tected from dis­crim­i­na­tion in hous­ing, employ­ment, pub­lic accom­mo­da­tions, edu­ca­tion, fed­eral fund­ing, credit, and jury ser­vice. These legal pro­tec­tions will go far in reduc­ing the num­ber of trans­gen­der peo­ple put in vul­ner­a­ble posi­tions as a result of discrimination.

State hate crime laws must cover hate crimes com­mit­ted on the basis of gen­der iden­tity and expres­sion. An inclu­sive fed­eral hate crime law is not enough. We must redou­ble our efforts to ful­fill the goals of ADL’s 50 States Against Hate cam­paign, par­tic­u­larly enhanced train­ing for law enforce­ment offi­cers on how to iden­tify and respond to hate crimes com­mit­ted against trans peo­ple, bet­ter data col­lec­tion and report­ing by law enforce­ment agen­cies, and increased pub­lic education.

And we must edu­cate young peo­ple and edu­ca­tors about trans­gen­der lives. Our schools must be places where trans­gen­der and gen­der non-conforming youth are able to thrive in an envi­ron­ment that is safe and free from bul­ly­ing and harassment.

So today, we remem­ber and mourn. Tomor­row we con­tinue to fight fiercely for secur­ing jus­tice and fair treat­ment to all.


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November 20, 2015 4

Anti-Muslim Activity Escalates in U.S. Following Paris Attacks

Fol­low­ing the ter­ror­ist events in Paris, hos­til­ity and attacks against the Mus­lim com­mu­nity around the coun­try have esca­lated on the ground, online and in the pub­lic discourse. Paris Attack Muslim Backlash

Such anti-Muslim inci­dents and sen­ti­ment not only cre­ate an atmos­phere of fear, but also feed into claims made by ter­ror­ist orga­ni­za­tions such as ISIS of America’s inher­ent ani­mos­ity towards Islam and Mus­lims. They use this nar­ra­tive as a tac­tic to gain more support.

Below are reported threats, attacks and other inci­dents directed at the Amer­i­can Mus­lim com­mu­nity in the week fol­low­ing the Paris attacks:

Novem­ber 13: Threat­en­ing calls to a Mosque in St. Peters­burg, Florida
A man was arrested after he left sev­eral threat­en­ing voice­mails for the Islamic Cen­ter of Pinel­las County in Pinel­las Park. He report­edly cited the Paris attacks and warned that he was going to go to “fire­bomb you and shoot who­ever is there.”

Novem­ber 14: Michi­gan woman tweets threats against Mus­lims in Dear­born, Michi­gan
A woman from Fort Gra­tiot was inves­ti­gated by police after she posted a threat on Twit­ter that read: “Dear­born, MI, has the high­est Mus­lim pop­u­la­tion in the United States. Let’s (exple­tive) that place up and send a mes­sage to ISIS.”

Novem­ber 14: Mus­lim student’s dorm room van­dal­ized in Mansfield,Connecticut
A Mus­lim stu­dent at the Uni­ver­sity of Con­necti­cut found the words “killed Paris” writ­ten under his dorm room nametag.

Novem­ber 14: Shots fired at Mus­lim family’s home in Orlando, Florida
Police are inves­ti­gat­ing reports of shots fired at a Mus­lim family’s house in Florida some­time Sat­ur­day evening while they were out at an event paint­ing pic­tures of peace for the vic­tims of the attacks in Paris.

Novem­ber 15: Acts of van­dal­ism at the Islamic Cen­ter of Pflugerville, Texas
The Islamic Cen­ter of Pflugerville, located in a strip mall near Austin, was smeared with feces and pages torn from the Qur’an. Mosque atten­dees dis­cov­ered the van­dal­ism as they were com­ing for morn­ing prayers. Law enforce­ment is inves­ti­gat­ing this attack as a pos­si­ble hate crime.

Novem­ber 15: Shots fired at the Ahmadiyya Com­mu­nity Mosque in Meri­den, Con­necti­cut
The FBI and local law enforce­ment are inves­ti­gat­ing reports of mul­ti­ple gun­shots fired at the Baitul Aman mosque in Meri­den hours after the Paris attacks. One of the bul­lets pierced mul­ti­ple walls before exit­ing out the back.

Novem­ber 15: An Uber dri­ver in Char­lotte, North Car­olina, attacked
Police are inves­ti­gat­ing an inci­dent where an uniden­ti­fied pas­sen­ger threat­ened a 40-year-old Ethiopian immi­grant who was dri­ving him home because he mis­tak­enly thought he was a Mus­lim. The pas­sen­ger struck the dri­ver in the head, nearly knock­ing him out.

Novem­ber 15: A Nor­man, Okla­homa, man threat­ens to shoot Mus­lims
A man from Nor­man, Okla­homa, called 911 and threat­ened to start shoot­ing Mus­lims after what was done in France. When police arrived at his house he stood in the door­way with a gun in his hand and had to be subdued.

Novem­ber 16: Islamic Cen­ter van­dal­ized in Omaha, Nebraska
The sym­bol of the Eif­fel Tower peace sign, which has cir­cu­lated online after the Paris attacks a pow­er­ful sig­nal of sol­i­dar­ity, was spray-painted onto an out­side wall of the mosque in Omaha.

Novem­ber 16: Pro­test­ers tar­get Port­land, Ore­gon Mosque
Pro­test­ers with loud­speak­ers and plac­ards with phrases like “Jesus Saves From Hell” report­edly shouted obscen­i­ties as Mus­lims made their way into the Rizwan Mosque in Portland.

Novem­ber 17: Threats to “shoot up a mosque” near Hous­ton, Texas
A man, who uploaded a pic­ture to Face­book of an assault rifle and ammu­ni­tion, allegedly told a friend that he wanted to attack a mosque. The man never spec­i­fied which mosque he wanted to tar­get, but there is one close to his Sugar Land home

Such anti-Muslim threats and attacks are part of a larger cul­ture of anti-Muslim hate that is also flour­ish­ing online. Exam­ples of such vio­lent expres­sions post Paris attacks include:

  •, a U.S. based anti-Muslim web­site, posted a video about burn­ing the tents of Mus­lim refugees in France. Com­ments under the video by “mem­bers” cheered the attack on the refugee camp and one of the mem­bers wrote, “This is a good start but the most cor­rect response is the Chicago way: they pull a knife, we pull a gun. They send one of ours to the hos­pi­tal, we send one of theirs to the morgue. They kill 180 peo­ple in Paris, we burn down every tent vil­lage in France.” Another mem­ber under the name Angry Cit­i­zen wrote “Kill them ALL.” Oth­ers cheered the burn­ing of “nasty islam rats [sic].”
  • A post on the per­sonal blog of anti-Muslim activist Pamela Geller about Syr­ian refugees included a com­ment, “Exe­cute the bas­tards with knives dipped in pig lard or blood!!” When report­ing on the news on Paris ter­ror­ist attacks, one com­ment read, “CAN WE PLEASE JUST KILL ALL THESE MOTHER******S NOW? GET THEM OFF OUR LAND, OFF OUR PLANET, OUT OF THE UNIVERSE.[sic]”

The back­lash against Mus­lims has also been fueled by a num­ber of politi­cians that have made state­ments that equate Mus­lims with ter­ror­ists and paint Mus­lim refugees as a dan­ger­ous risk to the United States. Among the most egregious:

  • Don­ald Trump sug­gested in an inter­view that harsh mea­sures against Amer­i­can Mus­lims might be nec­es­sary.  When asked in the inter­view if these mea­sures might require “reg­is­ter­ing Mus­lims in a data­base or giv­ing them a form of spe­cial iden­ti­fi­ca­tion that noted their reli­gion,” Trump did not rule out such actions. Later, he told another reporter that he would absolutely imple­ment a data­base for reg­is­ter­ing Muslims.
  • Sen­a­tor Ted Cruz is advo­cat­ing for a ban against any Syr­ian Mus­lims enter­ing the U.S.  Cruz pro­posed that the coun­try admit only Chris­t­ian refugees, say­ing “There is no mean­ing­ful risk of Chris­tians com­mit­ting acts of terror.”
  • Dur­ing a cam­paign event, Ben Car­son com­pared Syr­ian refugees to rabid dogs. In talk­ing about let­ting in immi­grants from Syria, Car­son said, “If there’s a rabid dog run­ning around your neigh­bor­hood, you’re prob­a­bly not going to assume some­thing good about that dog and you’re prob­a­bly going to put your chil­dren out of the way.”
  • After Mayor David Bow­ers of Roanoke, Vir­ginia, requested that agen­cies stop pro­vid­ing aid to Syr­ian refugees seek­ing relo­ca­tion in his city, he cited the use of intern­ment camps for Japanese-Americans as a jus­ti­fi­ca­tion for his decision.
  • Jeb Bush said that Amer­i­can aid for refugees flee­ing Syria should be geared toward Chris­tians as opposed to Mus­lims. Bush pro­posed that the U.S. should take in a lim­ited num­ber of Chris­t­ian refugees, adding, “We should focus our efforts as it relates to the refugees for the Chris­tians that are being slaughtered.”

*As a 501c3 tax-exempt orga­ni­za­tion, ADL does not inter­vene in cam­paigns on behalf of or in oppo­si­tion to any can­di­date for office.