Extremism & Terrorism » ADL Blogs
June 27, 2016 0

New AQAP Publication Encourages Additional Attacks Following Orlando

AQAP Inspire pamphlet encourages attacks following Orlando

Cover of the AQAP pam­phlet, fea­tur­ing an image of Omar Mateen

Al Mala­hem media, Al Qaeda in the Ara­bian Penin­sula (AQAP)’s pro­pa­ganda wing, released a pam­phlet on June 23 that praised the Orlando shoot­ing and pro­vided sug­ges­tions for copy­ing it and mak­ing addi­tional attacks both more lethal and bet­ter suited to AQAP’s pro­pa­ganda aims.

The four-page PDF pam­phlet, which was released on Telegram, was titled “Inspire Guide: Orlando Oper­a­tion,” and included mul­ti­ple ref­er­ences to Inspire mag­a­zine, AQAP’s English-language pro­pa­ganda magazine.

The pam­phlet indi­cated that its goal was to “[pro­vide] guid­ance to the Lone Mujahid (fighter)” and to “follow-up, guide, put right and cor­rect Lone Jihad oper­a­tions in order to real­ize the best mil­i­tary and polit­i­cal results that serve the gen­eral pol­icy of the Mujahidin (fight­ers) in our war with America.”

This fol­lows in the path of recent issues of Inspire mag­a­zine, which have focused on small scale attacks that can be con­ducted by indi­vid­ual sup­port­ers of AQAP.

The pam­phlet praised the fact that the shoot­ing was against a large pub­lic gath­er­ing in an enclosed area, and that the per­pe­tra­tor, Omar Mateen, owned his gun and had prior firearms train­ing. It sug­gested as well that Mateen was able to cause more destruc­tion because, it claimed, “those present in the night­club were drunk.”

How­ever, the pam­phlet sug­gested that it would be best for future per­pe­tra­tors not to tar­get spe­cific groups in soci­ety, such as Lati­nos or the LGBT com­mu­nity, because the focus of news cov­er­age would then be on the group tar­geted, rather than on the over­all ter­ror­ist ele­ment of the attack.

Despite its sug­ges­tion to tar­get more het­ero­ge­neous groups for strate­gic pur­poses, the pam­phlet did not shy away from anti-LGBT incite­ment. Rather, its cri­tique was couched by the state­ment that “the killing of such peo­ple is the most bind­ing duty and closer to human nature, but bet­ter than this is to avoid tar­get­ing areas where minori­ties are found.” ADL recently pub­lished an analy­sis of anti-gay rhetoric in Inspire and in ISIS’s English-language mag­a­zine, Dabiq.

Inter­est­ingly, the pam­phlet nods to the fact that Mateen indi­cated sup­port for ISIS, not Al Qaeda, while con­duct­ing the attack, stat­ing, “Lone Jihad is not monop­o­lized by al-Qaida (sic) or any other group, there­fore we call upon all active Jihadi groups, to adopt and build upon the idea of Lone Jihad and call towards it.” How­ever, it encour­ages would-be future per­pe­tra­tors to refer to bomb-making instruc­tions in past issues of Inspire mag­a­zine to make their attacks more deadly. An attack with weapons clearly taken from Inspire magazine’s sug­ges­tions would enable AQAP to claim some degree of credit.

To date, the Boston Marathon bomb­ing is the only domes­tic attack that was fully car­ried out that uti­lized direc­tions from Inspire mag­a­zine. How­ever, the mag­a­zine has played a role in the rad­i­cal­iza­tion of mul­ti­ple domes­tic extrem­ists, includ­ing the Tsar­naev broth­ers of the Boston Marathon bomb­ing, Jose Pimentel, who attempted a bomb­ing in New York, and Abdel Daoud, who attempted a bomb­ing in Chicago.

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June 24, 2016 0

Extremist Candidates* Exploit Election Season to Spread Hate

A bill­board in Ten­nessee has got­ten a lot of atten­tion due to its con­tro­ver­sial slo­gan, “Make Amer­ica White Again.” The bill­board belongs to Rick Tyler, an inde­pen­dent can­di­date run­ning for a seat in Tennessee’s 3rd Con­gres­sional Dis­trict. Tyler, who has ties to both anti-government extrem­ism and white supremacy, is one of a num­ber of extrem­ists in recent years who has had no chance of win­ning but has used a polit­i­cal cam­paign to pro­mote racist and anti-Semitic views.

Tyler has run for office a num­ber of times—for Con­gres­sional seats in South Car­olina in 1983 and in Geor­gia in 1996, and for a U.S. Sen­ate seat in Florida in 2010. On his cur­rent cam­paign web­site, he openly pro­motes white supremacy:

What lib­er­al­ized, effem­i­nized utopi­anists sim­ply can­not com­pre­hend is the prob­lem pre­sented by the harsh real­ity of abject refusal on the part of non-whites to con­form to his­tor­i­cal under­stand­ing that casts them in the light of sub­servience and inequal­ity. In the real world, some­one inevitably emerges as a dom­i­nant force…and much to the cha­grin and dis­plea­sure of non-whites, it has always tended to be the Cau­casians who rise to the most influ­en­tial and pow­er­ful position.

On the web­site, he posted a poem called “The Sad­dest Story Ever Told,” about “when a white girl mar­ries a negro,” and com­mits “racial sui­cide.” He also asserts that the “brown­ing of Amer­ica has been under­way for half a cen­tury and we are now over­whelmed with alien hordes who share lit­tle in com­mon with the orig­i­nal Euro­pean stock who carved this once great nation from the rugged wilderness.”

Rick Tyler

Rick Tyler

His cam­paign web­site includes anti-Semitic state­ments as well as racist ones. In 2010, Tyler posted a let­ter on his sen­ate cam­paign web­site in which he argued that Jews were a prod­uct of Satan, writ­ing, “It is quite log­i­cal that Satan would have a coun­ter­feit ‘cho­sen peo­ple.’” He repeated this asser­tion on his cur­rent cam­paign site, mak­ing ref­er­ence to “a coun­ter­feit cho­sen people…who are in truth the syn­a­gogue of Satan.” These state­ments are in line with Chris­t­ian Iden­tity beliefs, which assert that Jews are Satanic in nature.

Tyler is not the only extrem­ist can­di­date to run for office this year. Jim Con­dit, Jr., a vir­u­lent anti-Semite, ran in a June 7th spe­cial elec­tion for the Con­gres­sional seat in Ohio vacated by John Boehner. Con­dit may also run for the U.S. Con­gress in Ohio in November.

Con­dit ran at least one anti-Semitic ad on a main­stream radio sta­tion in Feb­ru­ary, which adver­tised his radio show. The ad focused on Jews, say­ing, “Who’s behind the all-out war to make white peo­ple a minor­ity in the U.S.A and Europe? You won’t be able to believe in the 6 mil­lion fig­ure used for the World War II Holo­caust anymore.”

On his cam­paign web­site, Con­dit pro­motes anti-Semitic con­spir­acy the­o­ries, assert­ing that “Tal­mu­dic Jews run the Inter­na­tional banks.” He alleges that “inter­na­tional Jew­ish Banksters basi­cally hired Hitler and the Nazis to first incen­tivize Jews to go from Europe to Pales­tine, and then later to round up pri­mar­ily Jews and put them in con­cen­tra­tion camps with a goal of get­ting as many Jews as pos­si­ble to Pales­tine for the Rothschild-Bankster directed takeover of Pales­tine by ‘Israel’.”

Jim Condit, Jr.

Jim Con­dit, Jr.

Condit’s real pur­pose is likely to to run these ads to pro­mote anti-Semitism and he has done so repeat­edly. In the year after the Sep­tem­ber 11, 2001 attacks, Con­dit ran 13 dif­fer­ent radio ads, many of them blam­ing Jews for the attacks, when run­ning for the U.S. Con­gress in Ohio. He was able run the ads by argu­ing that fed­eral law guar­an­teed fed­eral can­di­dates the right to run any ads they wanted on FCC-licensed tele­vi­sion or radio stations.

Other can­di­dates have also exploited elec­tions to show­case their big­oted views. In Sep­tem­ber 2014, neo-Nazi Robert Rans­dell pro­moted his write-in cam­paign for U.S. Sen­ate in Ken­tucky with the slo­gan, “With Jews We Lose.” He report­edly had plans to pur­chase air time on a main­stream radio sta­tion in Cincin­nati for seven hour-long radio programs/political ads to pub­li­cize his views. Accord­ing to a white suprema­cist source, the sta­tion refused to run the ads.

Fra­zier Glenn Miller, a white suprema­cist who received a death sen­tence for killing three peo­ple at Jew­ish sites in Over­land Park, Kansas, in April 2014, also ran for office a num­ber of times. In 2010, he was a write-in can­di­date for U.S. Sen­a­tor in Missouri.

After fil­ing his can­di­dacy, Miller bought air time on a Kansas City radio sta­tion and ran adver­tise­ments attack­ing Jews and minori­ties, while call­ing on white peo­ple to “take their coun­try back.”  He later expanded this cam­paign to other sta­tions across Mis­souri.  How­ever, Mis­souri broad­cast­ers protested this tac­tic and reached out to the Fed­eral Com­mu­ni­ca­tions Com­mis­sion with their con­cerns.  In June 2010, the FCC ruled that Miller was not a “bona fide” can­di­date and thus not enti­tled to manda­tory access.  This rul­ing allowed radio sta­tions to reject Miller’s racist and anti-Semitic ads, thus ruin­ing Miller’s attempt to spread white suprema­cist pro­pa­ganda on the airwaves.


* As a 501(c )(3) non-profit orga­ni­za­tion, the Anti-Defamation League does not sup­port or oppose can­di­dates for polit­i­cal office.


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June 24, 2016 2

Law Enforcement: Standing in the Line of Fire

The recent attack on the les­bian, gay, bisex­ual and trans­gen­der (LGBT) com­mu­nity in Orlando that left 49 dead and more than 50 wounded is yet another exam­ple of law enforce­ment stand­ing in the line of fire in the fight against domes­tic extremism.

From 2009 to the present, at least 64 mem­bers of law enforce­ment have been shot by domes­tic extremists–including anti-government extrem­ists, white suprema­cists, domes­tic Mus­lim extrem­ists and oth­ers. Eigh­teen of those shoot­ings were fatal. Addi­tional offi­cers might have lost their lives had they not been wear­ing pro­tec­tive vests or, as in the case of the Orlando attack, a Kevlar helmet.

Since Jan­u­ary 2009, ADL has tracked 68 sep­a­rate inci­dents (includ­ing seven so far this year) in which shots have been fired between domes­tic extrem­ists and law enforce­ment in the United States. These inci­dents include sit­u­a­tions in which shots were exchanged between police and extrem­ists (shootouts), sit­u­a­tions in which extrem­ists have fired at police but police sub­dued the extrem­ists with­out hav­ing to return fire, and sit­u­a­tions in which offi­cers had to use their firearms to pro­tect them­selves against extremists.

The moti­va­tions that led the extrem­ists to vio­lence dur­ing these encoun­ters vary. Many were sim­ply try­ing to escape after police offi­cers caught them engaged in crim­i­nal behav­ior unre­lated to their extrem­ist ide­ol­ogy. For oth­ers the encounter with police became the cat­a­lyst for vio­lent ide­o­log­i­cal action. In some cases, vio­lence esca­lated to a “last stand” sit­u­a­tion in which the extremist(s) had to have known their actions would likely result in their own deaths. The most dis­turb­ing inci­dents, how­ever, are those (like the Orlando attack) in which the encounter occurred as police responded to and con­fronted extrem­ists who were in the midst of a directed and planned attack. TW-TargetsofAttacks

Fif­teen (22%) of the 68 extrem­ist encoun­ters with law enforce­ment were the result of direct attacks by the extrem­ists. In other words, these encoun­ters started purely due to the extremist’s ide­ol­ogy. In six of those cases, the extremist(s) con­ducted planned attacks on civilians–including the LGBT com­mu­nity in Florida, a Sikh tem­ple in Wis­con­sin, a Planned Par­ent­hood clinic in Col­orado, and employ­ees of the Trans­porta­tion Secu­rity Admin­is­tra­tion at the Los Ange­les air­port. In seven cases, the ini­tial attack was directed at law enforce­ment, and resulted in the assas­si­na­tions of three offi­cers. In Jan­u­ary of this year, an addi­tional offi­cer mirac­u­lously sur­vived an assas­si­na­tion attempt in Philadel­phia. In the remain­ing two cases, extrem­ists attacked mem­bers of the U.S. military.

Since 2009, offi­cers have encoun­tered domes­tic extrem­ists in 28 dif­fer­ent states. Sev­eral states have expe­ri­enced mul­ti­ple inci­dents. Texas law enforce­ment has endured 10 of the 68 encoun­ters (nearly 15%). In four of the Texas cases, the extremist(s) were linked to the Aryan Broth­er­hood of Texas or the Aryan Cir­cle, demon­strat­ing the state’s par­tic­u­lar prob­lem with large white suprema­cist prison gangs. In fact, mem­bers of racist prison gangs were involved in three of the seven shoot­ing inci­dents which have already occurred this year—including encoun­ters in Texas, Alabama and Colorado.

Florida has with­stood the sec­ond high­est num­ber of inci­dents, reach­ing eight encoun­ters with the addi­tion of the Orlando attack. Col­orado offi­cials have faced five inci­dents, and suf­fered through the loss of Col­orado Springs Offi­cer Gar­rett Swasey. Swasey, the most recent law enforce­ment casu­alty at the hand of domes­tic extrem­ists, died in the line of duty dur­ing a mass shoot­ing by an anti-abortion extrem­ist in Novem­ber 2015 at a Planned Par­ent­hood clinic.

Unfor­tu­nately ide­o­log­i­cal extrem­ists con­tinue to add to the dan­gers faced by law enforce­ment. An untold num­ber of lives were saved due to the efforts of the law enforce­ment offi­cers who con­fronted the 76 extrem­ists involved in these 68 inci­dents. These offi­cers put them­selves into dan­ger­ous sit­u­a­tions in order to pro­tect and serve the com­mu­ni­ties in which they live.


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