ADL » ADL Blogs
Posts Tagged ‘ADL’
January 3, 2016 3

Militia Standoff in Oregon: Expected and Unexpected

jonritzheimerhammondjustification (1)

Jon Ritzheimer video jus­ti­fy­ing his actions

Armed anti-government activists asso­ci­ated with mili­tia groups and other right-wing extrem­ist move­ments seized con­trol of the head­quar­ters build­ing for the Mal­heur National Wildlife Refuge on Jan­u­ary 2, 2016, pre­cip­i­tat­ing what is, in effect, an armed stand­off with the fed­eral gov­ern­ment. 
 
Though some sort of con­fronta­tion between mili­tia activists and the fed­eral gov­ern­ment in the Pacific North­west has been brew­ing for months, the seizure itself is unusual and a new depar­ture for anti-government extrem­ists.
 
The action was taken because of anger over the sit­u­a­tion of father and son ranch­ers in Har­ney County in south­east Ore­gon.  The ranch­ers, Dwight Ham­mond, Jr., and Steven Ham­mond, were con­victed of arson for set­ting fire to around 130 acres of fed­eral land, but were given light sen­tences.  An appel­late court ruled that their sen­tences were too short and man­dated new sen­tences of 4–5 years.  They were ordered to report to fed­eral prison on Jan­u­ary 4.
 
Many peo­ple were sym­pa­thetic to the per­ceived plight of the Ham­monds, but it was right-wing anti-government extrem­ists in par­tic­u­lar who adopted the ranch­ers as a cause célèbre, using them to mobi­lize anger at the gov­ern­ment.  Their “adop­tion” of the Ham­monds was hardly sur­pris­ing, as mili­tia groups, Oath Keep­ers, Three Per­centers and other anti-government extrem­ists have actively been seek­ing con­fronta­tions with the fed­eral gov­ern­ment for more than a year now, thanks to the Cliven Bundy stand­off of 2014.
 
Cliven Bundy is a Nevada rancher who got into trou­ble with the Bureau of Land Man­age­ment for graz­ing his cat­tle on fed­eral land with­out proper per­mits.  In March 2014, the BLM began to remove Bundy’s cat­tle from fed­eral land but were stopped by a group of armed pro­test­ers.  This pre­cip­i­tated the stand­off, in which right-wing extrem­ists from around the coun­try made their way to the Bundy ranch to “pro­tect” Cliven Bundy and his prop­erty from the fed­eral gov­ern­ment.  Bundy, who shared some of their anti-government views, wel­comed the sup­port.  Dur­ing the stand­off, armed extrem­ists allegedly pointed weapons at fed­eral and local law enforce­ment offi­cers. 
 
In the end, the fed­eral gov­ern­ment backed down and stopped the con­fis­ca­tion oper­a­tion, leav­ing Bundy and his mili­tia sup­port­ers to declare vic­tory.  The inci­dent was viewed by the mili­tia move­ment and related groups as a huge suc­cess and one that should be repli­cated else­where if pos­si­ble. 
 
Since the Bundy stand­off, anti-government extrem­ists have actively been seek­ing other future “Bundys” around which they could rally.  Sev­eral of the prime can­di­dates for future con­fronta­tions have been located in the Pacific North­west.  In par­tic­u­lar, anti-government extrem­ists have ral­lied in 2015 to “help” mine own­ers in Ore­gon (the Sugar Pine Mine near Mer­lin) and Mon­tana (the White Hope Mine near Lin­coln) who each had dis­putes with the fed­eral gov­ern­ment, caus­ing many to fear the pos­si­bil­ity of some sort of armed clash.
 
In the end, how­ever, it was the Ham­monds who ended up being the new “Bundys,” though they them­selves do not appear to have sup­ported or con­doned the seizure of the fed­eral build­ing and have said they will report to prison as ordered.  This does not seem to have deterred the activists, sev­eral of whom have direct ties to the Bundy stand­off.  Indeed, two of the peo­ple involved, Ammon and Ryan Bundy, are in fact sons of Cliven Bundy.  Mili­tia activist Ryan Payne of Mon­tana is another vet­eran of the Bundy stand­off allegedly involved in the seizure.  Also promi­nent is Ari­zona extrem­ist Jon Ritzheimer, who has recently orga­nized anti-Muslim events and threat­ened to arrest elected offi­cials.
 
But if some sort of clash was expected and if many of the play­ers involved are famil­iar faces, what is def­i­nitely new is the spe­cific tac­tic of seiz­ing and hold­ing the wildlife refuge head­quar­ters. 
 
Right-wing stand­offs and con­fronta­tions with gov­ern­ment or law enforce­ment over­whelm­ingly take one of two forms.  The first is when extrem­ists rally to “pro­tect” per­ceived vic­tims of gov­ern­ment, such as peo­ple who face their home or land being seized for non-payment of taxes.  The Bundy stand­off is an exam­ple of such a con­fronta­tion, which takes place at the loca­tion of the per­ceived vic­tim.  The sec­ond is the typ­i­cal “bar­ri­caded felon” sit­u­a­tion in which an extrem­ist who has com­mit­ted a crime or is a fugi­tive has holed up some­where and will not sur­ren­der.  The Mon­tana Free­man stand­off of 1996 was such a con­fronta­tion. 
 
In this case, how­ever, right-wing extrem­ists proac­tively seized and are hold­ing a gov­ern­ment building—a sym­bolic tar­get.  Such a tac­tic has his­tor­i­cally been far more com­mon with left-wing activists or extrem­ists, includ­ing the seizure of many uni­ver­sity build­ings in the 1960s and 70s, as well as other loca­tions or places, such as the takeover of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, in 1973.
 
Because this is a new tac­tic for anti-government extrem­ists, it remains unclear how the sce­nario is likely to play itself out.  But since the build­ing they seized was empty at the time and there is no hostage sit­u­a­tion, it is likely that fed­eral author­i­ties will be slow and delib­er­ate in their response in order to min­i­mize the pos­si­bil­ity of violence.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

December 18, 2015 0

ADL Reports at Least 75 Anti-Muslim Incidents In US Since Paris Attacks

Fol­low­ing the shoot­ing in San Bernardino that left 14 peo­ple dead and 22 injured, there has been a con­tin­ued esca­la­tion in hos­til­ity and attacks through­out the U.S. against the Mus­lim com­mu­nity and those per­ceived as Muslim.

Islamic Center of Alameda's boarded up window, after it was shattered by a brick

Islamic Cen­ter of Alameda’s boarded up win­dow, after it was shat­tered by a brick (CBS)

Since the San Bernardino shoot­ing on Decem­ber 2, at least 27 anti-Muslim inci­dents have been reported in the U.S., rais­ing the total num­ber of inci­dents since the Novem­ber 13 Paris attacks to at least 75.Between the Paris attacks and the San Bernardino shoot­ing, ADL tracked approx­i­mately 48 anti-Muslim inci­dents. These num­bers are based on reports ADL has col­lected from media and other sources.

Inci­dents such as assaults, van­dal­ism, and threats tar­get­ing Mus­lim indi­vid­u­als and insti­tu­tions in the U.S. tend to notice­ably spike in the after­math of ter­ror­ist attacks linked to Islamic extrem­ists in the U.S or abroad.

Below are selected exam­ples of alleged anti-Muslim inci­dents in the weeks fol­low­ing the San Bernardino attacks, both crim­i­nal and non-criminal:

Assaults

  • Grand Rapids, Michi­gan: Aman hold­ing up a con­ve­nience store report­edly called the Sikh man­ager a “ter­ror­ist” and sug­gested he was a mem­ber of ISIS before shoot­ing him in the face. (Decem­ber 12)
  • Queens, New York: A man beat a Mus­lim store owner in the Asto­ria neigh­bor­hood of Queens. The attacker report­edly stated, “I kill Mus­lims.” (Decem­ber 5)

Van­dal­ism

  • Hawthorne, Cal­i­for­nia: “Jesus” graf­fiti and a fake hand grenade were left at two mosques. (Decem­ber 12)
  • Alameda, Cal­i­for­nia: A brick was thrown through a mosque’s win­dow, shat­ter­ing the win­dow. (Decem­ber 10)
  • Palm Beach, Florida: The Islamic Cen­ter of Palm Beach was van­dal­ized, its win­dows smashed and fur­ni­ture over­turned. (Decem­ber 3)

Threats and Intimidation

  • Cull­man, Alabama: KKK fliers try to recruit Alaba­mans to stop “the spread of Islam.” (Decem­ber 10)
  • Philadel­phia, Penn­syl­va­nia: A sev­ered pig’s head was thrown at a mosque’s door. (Decem­ber 7)
  • Van­dalia, Ohio: A 7th grader threat­ened to shoot and kill a 6th grade Mus­lim school­mate, report­edly call­ing him a “ter­ror­ist,” a “towel head,” and a “son of ISIS.” (Decem­ber 7)
  • St. Louis, Mis­souri: A threat­en­ing voice­mail was left at the Islamic Cen­ter of St. Louis. The mes­sage report­edly stated “I was a Marine, I killed a lot of Mus­lims, watched a lot of you die and burn…You want to kill? Come my way. I will cut your f-cking head off.” (Decem­ber 5)
  • Fred­er­icks­burg, Vir­ginia: In advance of a pub­lic hear­ing about a new mosque, anti-Muslim fliers were posted around town that read “No Jihad in Fred­er­icks­burg.” (Decem­ber 5)

 

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

December 17, 2015 1

International Book Fair In Saudi Arabia Features Anti-Semitic Titles

jeddah-book-fair

Adver­tise­ment for the Jed­dah Inter­na­tional Book Fair

The Jed­dah Inter­na­tional Book Fair in Saudi Ara­bia, which hosts more than 350 pub­lish­ing houses from 21 coun­tries, appears to fea­ture anti-Semitic books for sale.

The book fair, tak­ing place Decem­ber 12–22, includes on its “Book Lists” works such as My Awak­en­ing: The Jew­ish Influ­ence in the United States by the noto­ri­ous anti-Semite David Duke. Duke’s book, clas­si­fied as “Polit­i­cal Sci­ence” on the list from the Dar Alfiker Al Mua’sir pub­lish­ing house in Lebanon, is listed for SAR53 (US$14).

Adolph Hitler’s Mein Kampf, which served as a blue­print for the exter­mi­na­tion of six mil­lion Jews and mil­lions of oth­ers in the Holo­caust, is listed to be sold at the book fair for SAR45 (US$12). Clas­si­fied as “His­tory,” Mein Kampf, is on the list from Ibn Al Nafees pub­lish­ing house in Egypt. A book titled Free Masons, The Jews and The Torahby Dr. Noman Al Sama­rayi, which pro­motes con­spir­a­to­r­ial the­o­ries about a Jew­ish role in dom­i­nat­ing the world, was listed for sale for SR8 (US$2).

The Jed­dah Gov­er­norate, the Saudi Min­istry of Cul­ture, and a num­ber of pri­vate sec­tor cor­po­ra­tions co-organized the book fair, which attracted more than 150,000visitors in its first three days accord­ing to the fair website.

Unfor­tu­nately, sell­ing anti-Semitic books at book fairs in the Mid­dle East is an ongo­ing prob­lem. For exam­ple, another book fair in the region, the Doha Inter­na­tional Book Fair in Qatar, which ended on Decem­ber 12, also included anti-Semitic titles, such as the Arabic-language anti-Semitic Jew­ish Ency­clo­pe­dia.

Fea­tur­ing anti-Semitic titles in the right con­text may at times serve to expose their vicious nature. How­ever, it is clear that in the case of the Jed­dah Book Fair and sev­eral other book fairs in the region, such books are dis­played to read­ers who may not be aware of the big­oted agenda behind such books. Includ­ing edi­to­r­ial lan­guage or con­tex­tu­al­iz­ing the books appro­pri­ately as hate­ful mate­r­ial is extremely important.

Over the past few years, ADL has doc­u­mented the avail­abil­ity of sim­i­lar prob­lem­atic books at sev­eral book fairs in the region. Below are few examples:

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , ,