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May 24, 2016 0

List of Americans who Joined ISIS Reinforces Statistical Trends

Douglas McAuthur McCain, among the Americans on the list, died in Syria in 2014

Dou­glas McAu­thur McCain, among the Amer­i­cans on the list, died in Syria in 2014

NBC recently released the names of 15 U.S. res­i­dents who allegedly trav­eled to join ISIS since 2013. The names had been pro­vided to the net­work by an indi­vid­ual who claimed to be a defec­tor from ISIS and were report­edly ver­i­fied by West Point’s Com­bat­ing Ter­ror­ism Cen­ter and other coun­tert­er­ror­ism specialists.

While three of the indi­vid­u­als on the list – Abdi Nur, Yusuf Jama, and Dou­glas McCain – had already been pub­licly known, the other 12 had not. The list serves as a reminder that, while a con­sid­er­able num­ber of U.S. res­i­dents who have attempted to travel to join ISIS have been iden­ti­fied, there are still more whose iden­ti­ties remain unclear – as many as 250 accord­ing to law enforce­ment sources. The names and back­grounds of indi­vid­u­als on the NBC list also serve as vital reminders of the diver­sity of the indi­vid­u­als attracted to Islamic extrem­ist ide­ol­ogy, and rein­forces what we do know about who these indi­vid­u­als are.

Indi­vid­u­als on the list came from across the U.S. Among the states rep­re­sented were Cal­i­for­nia, Mass­a­chu­setts, Min­nesota, New York , Ohio, Texas, Vir­ginia, and Wash­ing­ton. This geo­graphic diver­sity is no sur­prise. ADL’s analy­sis of U.S. res­i­dents linked to activ­ity moti­vated by Islamic extrem­ism between 2009 and 2015 indi­cated that the indi­vid­u­als had been arrested in 32 states, as well as inter­na­tion­ally. States with the high­est num­bers of arrests included New York, Min­nesota, Cal­i­for­nia and Illinois.

One of the indi­vid­u­als on the list was female, and the rest were male. While fewer women have engaged in activ­ity moti­vated by Islamic extrem­ism than men, the pro­por­tion of women has increased in recent years. ADL doc­u­mented only 12 U.S. women in total linked to ter­ror moti­vated by Islamic extrem­ist ide­ol­ogy in the 11 years between 2002 and 2013, but there were 10 in 2014 and seven in 2015 (exclud­ing the woman on the NBC list); there has already been one woman out of the 11 U.S. res­i­dents linked to activ­ity moti­vated by Islamic extrem­ist ide­ol­ogy thus far in 2016.

Inter­est­ingly, the woman on the list, Zakia Nas­rin, was joined in her extrem­ist pur­suits by her hus­band and her younger brother. Of the 109 U.S. res­i­dents linked to ter­ror­ism moti­vated by Islamic extrem­ism in 2014 and 2015, at least 28 indi­vid­u­als were accused or impli­cated together with fam­ily members.

The aver­age age of the indi­vid­u­als on the list when they trav­eled to join ISIS was 22 years old. The old­est was 33 and the youngest 18. This is a lit­tle younger than aver­age. ADL data indi­cates that the aver­age age of U.S. res­i­dents who trav­eled or attempted to travel to join ter­ror­ist orga­ni­za­tions abroad between 2009 and 2015 was 25 years old, while the aver­age over­all age of U.S. res­i­dents linked to activ­ity moti­vated by Islamic extrem­ist ide­ol­ogy was 28. How­ever, the num­ber of young peo­ple has been increas­ing as well; in 2015, there were a total of 25 out of 81 U.S. res­i­dents linked to ter­ror moti­vated by Islamic extrem­ist ide­ol­ogy who were 21 years old or younger.

At least one of the indi­vid­u­als on the list claimed to have con­verted to Islam. A lit­tle over one quar­ter of U.S. res­i­dents who have been linked to activ­ity moti­vated by Islamic extrem­ism in recent years sim­i­larly were not raised iden­ti­fy­ing as Mus­lims, but rather con­verted or claimed to have con­verted to Islam, at least nom­i­nally. Impor­tantly, these con­ver­sions do not nec­es­sar­ily mean they are accepted as Mus­lims by the main­stream Amer­i­can Mus­lim com­mu­nity, nor does it mean they have been par­tic­u­larly obser­vant. As with other indi­vid­u­als linked to activ­ity moti­vated by Islamic extrem­ist ide­ol­ogy, these con­verts embraced rad­i­cal inter­pre­ta­tions of Islam.

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January 8, 2016 0

No Sign of Slowdown for Islamic Extremism Arrests in the U.S. in 2016

Aws Mohammed Younis Al-Janab, arrested January 6

Aws Mohammed You­nis Al-Janab, arrested Jan­u­ary 6

Two U.S. res­i­dents were arrested on Islamic extrem­ism related ter­ror charges in the first week of 2016 and a third allegedly com­mit­ted a shoot­ing on Jan­u­ary 7 on behalf of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). Fol­low­ing record-breaking num­bers of ter­ror related arrests in 2015, these new arrests por­tend sim­i­larly high lev­els of Amer­i­cans engag­ing in plots and other activ­ity moti­vated by Islamic extrem­ist ide­ol­ogy in the com­ing year.

Aws Mohammed You­nis Al-Janab, a res­i­dent of Sacra­mento, Cal­i­for­nia, was arrested on Jan­u­ary 6, 2015. Al-Janab, an Iraqi-born man who had moved to Syria and then come to the U.S. as a refugee from Syria in 2012, is accused of mak­ing false state­ments in a terror-related inves­ti­ga­tion. Al-Janab had orig­i­nally left the U.S. to fight with Ansar al-Islam, a Syr­ian ter­ror­ist group, between 2013 and 2014. Ansar al-Islam had been affil­i­ated with Al Qaeda until August 2014, at which time it merged with ISIS.

Omar Faraj Saeed Al Hardan, a res­i­dent of Hous­ton, Texas, was also arrested on Jan­u­ary 6, 2015. Al Hardan, who entered the U.S. as a refugee from Iraq in 2009 and is cur­rently a U.S. per­ma­nent res­i­dent, is charged with pro­vid­ing mate­r­ial sup­port to a ter­ror­ist orga­ni­za­tion by attempt­ing to join the ISIS and with lying in his nat­u­ral­iza­tion application.

A third man, iden­ti­fied as Edward Archer of Penn­syl­va­nia, allegedly attempted to kill a law enforce­ment offi­cer in Philadel­phia on behalf of ISIS. There were at least four instances of Islamic extrem­ism inspired vio­lence against law enforce­ment offi­cers in 2015.

The two indi­vid­u­als arrested were Iraqi born men of Pales­tin­ian descent who entered the U.S. as refugees. They report­edly com­mu­ni­cated with each other regard­ing their extrem­ist aspirations.

The vast major­ity of U.S. res­i­dents engaged in ter­ror­ism related to Islamic extrem­ism are U.S. cit­i­zens.  Between 2009 and 2015, refugees accounted for only three per­cent of the U.S. res­i­dents linked to Islamic extremism.

In 2015, only 3 U.S. res­i­dents linked to ter­ror moti­vated by Islamic extrem­ism had entered the U.S. as refugees. One of the three, Harlem Suarez, entered the U.S. as a refugee when he was a child but appears to have con­verted to Islam and rad­i­cal­ized while in the U.S.; Suarez was a U.S. per­ma­nent res­i­dent when he was arrested for attempt­ing to bomb a Florida beach in sup­port of ISIS.

2015 also saw a spike in attempted domes­tic attacks. There were 18 plots dis­cussed in total in 2015, com­pared to 1 in all of 2014.

78 U.S. res­i­dents in total were linked to ter­ror­ist activ­ity moti­vated by Islamic extrem­ism in 2015. A full list of the indi­vid­u­als, as well as exten­sive analy­sis, is avail­able in the ADL report, “2015 Sees Dra­matic Spike in Islamic Extrem­ism Arrests.”

In Octo­ber 2015, FBI Direc­tor James Comey indi­cated that there were 900 open inves­ti­ga­tions of sus­pected home­grown extrem­ists, the major­ity of which are related to the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). Since that time, there have been 12 U.S. res­i­dents linked to ter­ror, at least three of whom (San Bernardino shoot­ers Tafsheen Malik and Syed Rizwan Farooq and Farooq’s friend, Enrique Mar­quez) had not been mon­i­tored by law enforce­ment prior to the San Bernardino attack in Decem­ber 2015.

 

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June 30, 2015 0

ISIS-Related Arrests in June Emphasize Ongoing Security Concerns

Four­teen U.S. res­i­dents from 7 states have been linked to ter­ror­ist activ­ity inspired by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) this month alone.

Nicholas Rovinski of Rhode Island was allegedly part of a Boston-area plot and hoped to travel to join ISIS.

Nicholas Rovin­ski of Rhode Island was allegedly part of a Boston-area plot and hoped to travel to join ISIS.

Of the 14, five pri­mar­ily were arrested for attempt­ing join ISIS (some of them also dis­cussed pos­si­ble attacks in the event that their travel plans failed), one for recruit­ing for ISIS and eight for their roles in domes­tic plots that included a plot to behead Boston area law enforce­ment offi­cers, one to bomb New York City land­marks, the shoot­ing in Gar­land and another to shoot peo­ple and det­o­nate a bomb in North Carolina.

Three of the indi­vid­u­als allegedly used knives in con­fronta­tions with law enforce­ment offi­cials who were mon­i­tor­ing or attempt­ing to ques­tion them (Fareed Mumuni, Munther Omar Saleh, and Usaama Rahim; see below). A fourth indi­vid­ual, Amir Said Abdul Rah­man Al-Ghazi, had also pur­chased a knife but did not use it.

ISIS has pop­u­lar­ized the use of knives in its pro­pa­ganda, both through its use of knives in behead­ing videos and through direct calls for sup­port­ers to arm them­selves with knives or any other weapons avail­able. A speech pur­port­edly by ISIS spokesman Abu Moham­mad Al Adnani in Sep­tem­ber 2014, for exam­ple, told sup­port­ers, “If you are not able to find an IED or a bul­let, then sin­gle out the dis­be­liev­ing Amer­i­can, French­man, or any of his allies.  Smash his head with a rock, or slaugh­ter him with a knife, or run him over with your car.…” That same speech also directly encour­aged tar­get­ing law enforce­ment offi­cials, stat­ing, “Strike their police, secu­rity and intel­li­gence members….”

A Jan­u­ary 2015 speech pur­port­edly by Adnani called for attacks, “whether with an explo­sive device, a bul­let, a knife, a car, a rock or even a boot or a fist,” and a video released in April 2015 stated, “Your neigh­bor is a kaf­fir (apos­tate)… take a big knife and give him what he rightly deserves.”

Munther Omar Saleh allegedly conspired to bomb a New York landmark.

Munther Omar Saleh allegedly con­spired to bomb a New York landmark.

All 14 of the indi­vid­u­als linked to ter­ror in June appear to be moti­vated by ISIS and nearly all appear to have been influ­enced by ISIS’s online pro­pa­ganda and social media presence.

Since ISIS announced its inde­pen­dence from Al Qaeda in 2014, 86% of U.S. res­i­dents engag­ing in activ­ity on behalf of for­eign ter­ror­ist orga­ni­za­tions since 2014 have been linked to ISIS.

A total of 54 U.S. res­i­dents have been linked to Islamic extrem­ist activ­ity in the first half of 2015 – more than dou­ble the num­ber of indi­vid­u­als in 2014.

The FBI, which has indi­cated that it has ongo­ing ISIS-related inves­ti­ga­tions in all 50 states, has issued a warn­ing regard­ing increased secu­rity con­cerns over the July 4th weekend.

The activ­i­ties of the 14 U.S. res­i­dents arrested in June, as described in court doc­u­ments, are detailed below.

  • Usaama Rahim, a 26-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from Mass­a­chu­setts, was killed on June 2, 2015, when he drew a knife after being approached by law enforce­ment offi­cials. Rahim had allegedly con­spired with David Wright, a 25-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from Mass­a­chu­setts arrested later that day on a charge of con­spir­acy to behead Pamela Geller, head of the anti-Muslim orga­ni­za­tion Stop Islam­i­ciza­tion of Amer­ica. The two later shifted their plans and dis­cussed behead­ing police offi­cers. Alleged co-conspirator Nicholas Rovin­ski, a 24-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from Rhode Island, was arrested June 12. Rovin­ski had also allegedly hoped to travel to join ISIS.
  • Reza Nikne­jad, an 18-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from Vir­ginia, was charged in absen­tia on June 10, 2015 with pro­vid­ing mate­r­ial sup­port for ISIS. Nikne­jad, who is pre­sumed to have joined ISIS, had allegedly been encour­aged to travel by Ali Shukri Amin, a 17-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from Vir­ginia who had been arrested in February.

    Decarus Thomas of Arizona allegedly aided the Garland shooters

    Decarus Thomas of Ari­zona allegedly aided the Gar­land shooters

  • Abdul Malik Abdul Kareem (Decarus Thomas), a 43-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from Ari­zona and a con­vert to Islam, was arrested on June 10, 2015, for allegedly aid­ing Gar­land shoot­ers Elton Simp­son and Nadir Soofi. Soofi and Simp­son were killed when they shot at a Texas com­mu­nity cen­ter in May. Kareem is believed to have opened his home to Soofi and Simp­son to dis­cuss their plot and to have sup­plied the rifles they used in their shooting.
  • Akmal Zakirov, a 29-year-old U.S. res­i­dent from New York, was arrested on June 11, 2015, for fund­ing travel plans for Abdura­sul Juraboev and Akhror Saidakhme­tov, New York res­i­dents arrested in Feb­ru­ary for attempt­ing to join ISIS. Juraboev and Said­khme­tov had also allegedly dis­cussed the pos­si­bil­ity of shoot­ing police offi­cers and shoot­ing the FBI head­quar­ters. Juraboev had also allegedly sug­gested that he would attempt to shoot Pres­i­dent Obama on behalf of ISIS.
  • Munther Omar Saleh, a 20-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from New York, was arrested on June 13, 2015, for allegedly con­spir­ing to bomb an unspec­i­fied land­mark in New York City. Accord­ing to reports, Saleh had researched how to acquire mate­ri­als for and build a pres­sure cooker bomb online. Saleh was arrested when he attempted to attack a law enforce­ment offi­cer who had been mon­i­tor­ing him. Salah was arrested together with an unnamed 17-year-old co-conspirator. Saleh’s other alleged co-conspirator,  Fareed Mumuni, a 21-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from New York, was arrested on June 17, 2015. Mumuni also attempted to attack a law enforce­ment offi­cer who had come to his res­i­dence to ques­tion him.
  • Samuel Rahamin Topaz, a 20-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from New Jer­sey and a con­vert to Islam, was arrested on June 18, 2015, for allegedly attempt­ing to travel to join ISIS. Topaz had engaged in con­ver­sa­tions with Saleh and Mumuni, who allegedly encour­aged his plans. Topaz had also been in con­tact with Alaa Saadeh, a 23-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from New Jer­sey arrested on June 29 and Saadeh’s brother, a U.S. cit­i­zen and for­mer New Jer­sey res­i­dent who was arrested in June in Jor­dan, allegedly on his way to join ISIS. Topaz and Saadeh had both report­edly planned to meet Saadeh’s brother in ISIS con­trolled ter­ri­tory together with Munther Saleh

    Justin Sullivan of North Carolina allegedly planned a domestic attack.

    Justin Sul­li­van of North Car­olina allegedly planned a domes­tic attack.

  • Amir Said Abdul Rah­man Al-Ghazi (for­merly Robert McCul­lum), a 38-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen and a con­vert to Islam from Ohio, was arrested on June 19, 2015, on charges of pro­vid­ing mate­r­ial sup­port to ISIS, being a felon in pos­ses­sion of a weapon and dis­tri­b­u­tion of mar­i­juana. Al-Ghazi had attempted to recruit for ISIS by cre­at­ing pro-ISIS pro­pa­ganda videos. He had pur­chased the gun for which he was charged as well as a machete for his pro­pa­ganda videos. Al-Ghazi had also expressed inter­est in under­tak­ing a domes­tic attack involv­ing the derail­ing of a train.
  • Justin Nojan Sul­li­van, a 19-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen and con­vert to Islam from North Car­olina, was arrested on June 22, 2015, on charges of pro­vid­ing mate­r­ial sup­port to ISIS. Sul­li­van allegedly planned to attack local estab­lish­ments, allegedly for train­ing, and fol­low them up with a bomb­ing. Although the tar­get for his bomb­ing was unspec­i­fied, Sul­li­van expressed intent to kill 1,000 people.

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