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July 31, 2014 4

Anti-Israel Demonstrations and Anti-Semitic Imagery at Protests Continue Across Latin America

At a demon­stra­tion in Mex­ico City, Mex­ico, a sign of the Israeli flag with a swastika was seen as well as a large ban­ner read­ing “We Are All Pales­tine” with a swastika on the Star of David.

In Con­cep­ción, Chile, Juan Hazbun Readi, leader of the Pales­tin­ian Com­mu­nity of Con­cep­ción said at an anti-Israel rally that:

“We are con­cerned with what is going on in the Mid­dle East. I would like to say to all the Chilean peo­ple (…) that this Holo­caust has been going on for more than 66 years, it should end some­day. It is not pos­si­ble for Israel to fight against a defense­less peo­ple, with no army. They are accus­ing the Pales­tini­ans of launch­ing mis­siles, but this is a lie. Pales­tini­ans have never come to this. They blame the most pow­er­ful army in the world to attack­ing civil­ians, they killed more than 100 peo­ple in 2–3 days. The world needs to under­stand that the Pales­tini­ans were invaded by Israel 66 years ago, and not just being invaded but Israel brought peo­ple from all over the world to occupy their land, to destroy their places, to take charge of their des­tiny, destroy their schools and in the end to kill every­one. I don’t under­stand (…) the inter­na­tional com­mu­nity falls because Inter­na­tional Zion­ism has a lobby, not just the media but money, all of the world trade goes through their chan­nels and that’s why the world does noth­ing, plays igno­rant, stupid…”

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July 30, 2014 0

Erdogan’s ‘Reassuring’ Words to Turkey’s Jews Are Anything But

foxman1by Abra­ham H. Fox­man
National Direc­tor of the Anti-Defamation League

This arti­cle orig­i­nally appeared in The Huff­in­g­ton Post.

When it comes to the safety of the Jew­ish com­mu­nity in Turkey, Prime Min­is­ter Recep Tayyip Erdo­gan seems to think he can have it both ways.

On one hand, he makes clear that the Jew­ish com­mu­nity should feel safe in their own coun­try as pas­sions have erupted into street demon­stra­tions and vio­lence over the Gaza con­flict. “Jews in Turkey are our cit­i­zens,” he told the Turk­ish daily news­pa­per Sabah recently. “We are respon­si­ble for their secu­rity of life and property.”

On the other hand, Erdo­gan believes the Turk­ish Jew­ish com­mu­nity has an oblig­a­tion to toe the government’s hos­tile line toward Israel, and has urged them to issue a state­ment con­demn­ing the Jew­ish state’s mil­i­tary action in Gaza.

“I talked to our Jew­ish cit­i­zens’ lead­ers on Thurs­day, and I stated that they should adopt a firm stance and release a state­ment against the Israeli gov­ern­ment. I will con­tact them again, but whether or not they release a state­ment, we will never let Jew­ish peo­ple in Turkey get hurt,” he said.

Implied in his words, and those of other gov­ern­ment lead­ers, is that the Jew­ish com­mu­nity would be bet­ter off — and safer in their own coun­try — if they con­demned Israel’s actions outright.

This is where things get dicey. Ask­ing the Jew­ish com­mu­nity to speak up about Israel reeks of anti-Semitism.

Erdogan’s recent com­ments about the Jew­ish com­mu­nity of Turkey con­veyed a dan­ger­ous dou­ble mes­sage. First he reit­er­ated the his­tor­i­cal stance of Turkey’s respon­si­bil­ity for their safety and secu­rity. But in call­ing on them to pub­licly stand against Israel at a time when that is Turkey’s pol­icy, he con­veyed to the peo­ple of Turkey that if the Jews in Turkey do not do this, they are not being “good Turks.” The result, iron­i­cally, is to sig­nal yet another long­stand­ing anti-Semitic stereo­type that “Jews are not loyal” to the coun­tries where they live. And it puts the Jew­ish com­mu­nity in a ter­ri­ble posi­tion of hav­ing to choose between the offi­cial hos­tile anti-Israel pos­ture of their coun­try and their own per­sonal feel­ings on a dif­fi­cult situation.

So, we do not believe Prime Min­is­ter Erdo­gan has pro­vided much reas­sur­ance to the Turk­ish Jew­ish com­mu­nity in these try­ing times.

His com­ments sug­gest, among other things, that the Jew­ish com­mu­nity is a mono­lith when it comes to Israel, when in fact there is a diver­sity of views within the com­mu­nity, includ­ing some who do, and some who do not, sup­port the mil­i­tary cam­paign to root out Hamas rock­ets and terrorism.

No Jew­ish com­mu­nity any­where should be asked to pick sides in this polit­i­cal con­flict. Ask­ing them to do so, in an envi­ron­ment where pas­sions are already inflamed over the con­flict in Gaza and where street protests have turned vio­lent, with expres­sions of anti-Semitism and attacks on Israeli embassy and con­sulate build­ings, is enough to sug­gest to some that the com­mu­nity itself is another poten­tial tar­get. In Turkey, there are his­tor­i­cal prece­dents for such beliefs tak­ing hold among the pop­u­lace, and they have not ended well.

Mak­ing mat­ters worse, Mr. Erdogan’s hos­tile views of Israel and Israelis, and his sup­port for the Hamas ter­ror orga­ni­za­tion in Gaza, are well known and shocking.

By pro­vid­ing finan­cial and diplo­matic to sup­port to Hamas, a ter­ror orga­ni­za­tion com­mit­ted to the elim­i­na­tion of Israel’s exis­tence and whose essen­tial polit­i­cal phi­los­o­phy actions are deeply anti-Semitic, Erdo­gan has placed Turkey squarely on the side of ter­ror and violence.

Mr. Erdogan’s aid and com­fort to Hamas ter­ror­ists serves to pro­long the hos­til­i­ties and is coun­ter­pro­duc­tive to the efforts of oth­ers seek­ing to end the cur­rent round of fighting.

In recent years expres­sions of anti-Semitism in Turkey have sig­nif­i­cantly increased. This is par­tic­u­larly trou­bling and dan­ger­ous because we know, based on the results of ADL polling on anti-Semitism in Turkey, that anti-Jewish atti­tudes and beliefs are, sadly, held by fully 69 per­cent of the adult Turk­ish population.

This increase is fueled, in part, by harsh com­ments about Jews and Israel made by Erdo­gan, other offi­cials in his gov­ern­ment and influ­en­tial jour­nal­ists. ADL has pub­licly crit­i­cized those com­ments and called on the prime min­is­ter to refrain from mak­ing ref­er­ences invok­ing anti-Semitic con­spir­a­cies and state­ments, which amount to scape­goat­ing the Jews of Turkey by sug­gest­ing they have some respon­si­bil­ity for actions of Israel which Mr. Erdo­gan opposes.

Such com­ments legit­imize anti-Jewish stereo­types and rein­force prej­u­diced beliefs about Jews held by so many peo­ple in Turkey. This is a truly sad turn of events for a coun­try that has in fact served as a safe haven for Jews flee­ing per­se­cu­tion through the cen­turies, includ­ing the Span­ish and Por­tuguese Jews expelled from Spain who were wel­comed into the Ottoman Empire in the late 15th century.

In 2005, ADL bestowed its Courage to Care Award rec­og­niz­ing the efforts of var­i­ous Turk­ish diplo­mats to pro­tect and save the lives of Jews from per­se­cu­tion and death at the hands of the Nazis. The award was pre­sented on behalf of the coura­geous Turk­ish diplo­mats to Prime Min­is­ter Erdo­gan dur­ing his visit to New York.

It was their courage, their human­ity, their dis­play of the best the Turk­ish peo­ple are capa­ble of doing that we hon­ored. At the time the award was pre­sented, Mr. Erdo­gan spoke out force­fully against anti-Semitism and clearly stated anti-Semitism had no place in Turkey.

The more recent com­ments from Mr. Erdo­gan do not change the fact that, dur­ing World War II, Jew­ish lives were saved by Turk­ish diplo­mats who were not infected with the virus of anti-Jewish prej­u­dice, who saw peo­ple in need of pro­tec­tion and acted to save them.

Recently there have been calls by some for us to rescind the honor based on Erdogan’s recent posi­tions toward Israel and his Jew­ish com­mu­nity. But we believe it would be wrong for ADL to with­draw its recog­ni­tion of those diplo­mats today because the cur­rent leader of Turkey is fan­ning the flames of anti-Semitism and sup­port­ing a ter­ror­ist orga­ni­za­tion whose essen­tial ide­ol­ogy is anti-Semitic and which seeks to elim­i­nate Israel, the national home­land of the Jew­ish people.

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July 29, 2014 5

Some Anti-Semitism In U.S. In Reaction To Israeli Operations In Gaza

As Israel’s response to the lat­est round of rocket fire from Hamas in Gaza con­tin­ues, some Jew­ish indi­vid­u­als and insti­tu­tions in the U.S. have been tar­gets of anti-Semitism related to the cur­rent conflict.anti-semitic-graffiti-synagogue

In Florida this week, two sep­a­rate anti-Semitic hate crimes des­e­crated a syn­a­gogue and a Jew­ish family’s prop­erty. Con­gre­ga­tion Torah V’Emunah, an Ortho­dox syn­a­gogue within close prox­im­ity to other syn­a­gogues, was spray-painted with the word “Hamas” and swastikas on its front entrance. Addi­tion­ally a Jew­ish fam­ily dis­cov­ered that one of their cars was cov­ered from top to bot­tom with eggs while the other had the words “Jew” and “Hamas” smeared in cream cheese on the windows.

In Mal­ibu, Cal­i­for­nia over the week­end, phrases such as “Jews=Killers” and “Jews are Killing Inno­cent Chil­dren” were found near the entrance to a Jew­ish sum­mer camp.

Last week, anti-Semitic leaflets, which threat­ened vio­lence if Israel does not pull out of Gaza, were left on cars in Peter­son Park, a pre­dom­i­nantly Ortho­dox Jew­ish neigh­bor­hood of Chicago.

On July 17, about two dozen anti-Israel pro­test­ers tar­geted the Florida Holo­caust Museum with graphic images of dead Pales­tini­ans and slo­gans charg­ing Israel with genocide.

Ear­lier this month, the Chabad of South­ern Nevada in Las Vegas was spray-painted with graf­fiti that read “Fre Pales­tine” [sic] and “Free Gaza.”

Sim­i­larly, in Mass­a­chu­setts, the Mon­te­fiore Ortho­dox Syn­a­gogue in Low­ell was van­dal­ized with the words “Free Pales­tine” and “God Bless Gaza” spray painted in red on its white mar­ble walls.

Amer­i­can Jew­ish insti­tu­tions have also been tar­geted online. The Moroc­can Islamic Union-mail hacker group van­dal­ized the web­site of Con­gre­ga­tion Beth Am Israel in Penn Val­ley, Penn­syl­va­nia ear­lier this month with the phrase “end Israeli vio­lence in #Gaza” and an image of Moham­mad Abu Khdeir, a Pales­tin­ian who was killed in Jerusalem by what appears to be a group of Jew­ish extremists.

Addi­tion­ally, the pop­u­lar­ity of some dis­turb­ing Hitler-related hash­tags on Twit­ter has grown in reac­tion to Israel’s “Oper­a­tion Pro­tec­tive Edge,” such as #Hitler­Was­Right and #HitlerDidNothingWrong.

Such anti-Semitism is also evi­dent at many of the anti-Israel demon­stra­tions held in cities through­out the U.S., as well as in Europe, where the State of Israel is often demo­nized with Holo­caust imagery or other anti-Semitic expressions.

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