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November 21, 2013

Continued Concerns Over Wave Of Americans Fighting In Syria

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Eric Harroun was indicted on charges of con­spir­acy to pro­vide mate­r­ial sup­port to a for­eign ter­ror­ist orga­ni­za­tion.

Update – 11/22/13: An Eng­lish lan­guage video glo­ri­fy­ing Islamist rebel groups in Syria and appar­ently fea­tur­ing an Amer­i­can was released ear­lier this month by The Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), an Al Qaeda affil­i­ate fight­ing in Syria.

Senior U.S. intelligence officials on Wednesday said that “dozens” of Americans have traveled or attempted to travel to Syria to fight against the Assad regime.

ADL released a report in June highlighting the increasing numbers of American cit­i­zens drawn to the conflict in Syria and joining terrorist groups. As noted in the report, since 2007, over 50 Amer­i­can cit­i­zens and per­ma­nent res­i­dents have been charged in con­nec­tion with attempts to join ter­ror­ist groups abroad, includ­ing Al Shabaab in Somalia and Al Qaeda in the Ara­bian Penin­sula in Yemen, as well as Jabhat al-Nusra in Syria.

Details of six cases in which Americans joined or attempted to join the conflict in Syria have been made public in 2013. Sinh Vinh Ngo Nguyen of California, Amir Farouk Ibrahim of Pennsylvania, and Nicole Mansfield of Michigan all successfully joined the conflict. Abdella Ahmad Tounisi of Illinois and Basit Javed Sheikh of North Carolina attempted to join but were arrested en route. In addition, Eric Har­roun of Arizona pleaded guilty to non-terror-related charges in September, 2013, and was sentenced to time served. That Harroun fought in Syria is uncontested; however, reports differ as to whether he fought with Jabhat al Nusra.

The  number of Americans attempting to travel abroad to train and fight with terrorist groups continues to raise serious concerns about extremists using their American passports to return to the U.S. in order to carry out attacks on U.S. soil.

Syr­ian rebel groups, includ­ing the Al Qaeda affiliate Jabhat al-Nusra, have cre­ated social media space and propa­ganda to raise aware­ness, sup­port and poten­tial recruits for their cause in the Englishspeaking world. These include the exploita­tion of Face­book, blogs, Twit­ter and other platforms.

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November 13, 2013

North Carolina Arrest Marks 6th American In 2013 Associated With Al Qaeda In Syria

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Basit Javed Sheikh

A North Carolina man was arrested November 2 on charges of attempting to travel to Syria to join the Al-Qaeda group Jabhat al-Nusra. His arrest underscores a continued trend of American citizens and permanent residents attempting to join terrorist groups in the Syrian conflict; it marks the fourth such arrest and sixth publicly disclosed case of Americans fighting or attempting to fight in Syria this year.  It also demonstrates the increasing power of Facebook and other social media platforms in terrorist recruitment and propaganda.

Basit Javed Sheikh is a 29 year-old permanent resident originally from Pakistan, residing in Cary, North Carolina. His arrest marked his third failed attempt to travel to Syria – attempts that were made and advertised over social media.

Since January 2013, Sheikh allegedly created at least seven Facebook accounts with the pseudonym Abdul Basit or Abdul Basit II. During that time, a number of those accounts were shut down by Facebook for being in violation of its terms of use, but he persisted in creating more. At this time, there appear to be two active accounts likely belonging to Sheikh. The first, Abdul Basit II, was created October 21 and is already heavily populated with posts extolling terrorism worldwide – ranging from praising the Pakistani Taliban to showing an Islamist fighter pointing at Jerusalem to an image of Islamist militants with an quote from Islamic sources saying, “A section of my community will continue to fight for the right and overcome their opponents till the last of them fights with the Antichrist.” The second currently active profile, Abdul Basit, was created October 29, 2013, and has a gun as its profile picture.

Sheikh allegedly was even more active on his older Facebook profiles. According to an affidavit in support of his arrest warrant, he regularly used the site to post jihadist videos and propaganda and to interact with other extremists. In addition to being a member of a now-defunct Jabhat al-Nusrah Facebook group, Sheikh allegedly posted multiple times about the war in Syria and about the need to join the fighting there, and quoted a number of sources praising martyrdom.  He also allegedly posted videos and comments calling for the death and punishment of American leaders and soldiers, including one video that said, “Let the mujahideen kill them and destroy them…Allah give victory to Sheikh Usama [bin Laden].”

Sheikh also appears to have been included in conversations of anti-Jewish conspiracy theories. In one thread of an online forum, he was included in a note blaming Jews for “intentionally spread[ing]” moderate – or, as the thread called it, “wrong” – interpretations of Islam that, among other things, “states that jihad is HARAM [forbidden].”

Sheikh had initially travelled to Syria in the fall of 2012, when he reportedly joined the Free Syrian army but left because he disagreed with the group’s motivations. He then booked a flight in September 2013, but did not follow through because he “could not muster the strength to leave his parents.” His continued Facebook posts, however, suggested that he was determined to try again.

Ultimately, it was Sheikh’s alleged online activity that led to his arrest on his third attempt. After joining a Facebook page created by the FBI that purported to promote extremist Islam, Sheikh allegedly began to regularly converse with an FBI agent over Facebook, Skype, and email. According to the affidavit, he made a new set of travel plans to Syria in consultation with the agent, insisting that he was eager to fight in jihad even when told he could back out, and was arrested at the airport.

Since 2007, over 50 Amer­i­can cit­i­zens and per­ma­nent res­i­dents have been arrested or charged in con­nec­tion with attempts to join ter­ror­ist groups abroad, includ­ing Al Shabaab and Al Qaeda in the Ara­bian Penin­sula.

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