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July 19, 2016 23

Alarming Rate of Extremist Related Shootouts with Police in 2016

Since Jan­u­ary 2009, ADL has tracked 70 inci­dents in which shots were fired between police and domes­tic ide­o­log­i­cal extrem­ists.  Eighty-four per­cent of those involved were pur­vey­ors of extreme right-wing ideologies. Type of Extreme Ideology 2009 to present

The July 17 attack on Baton Rouge police marks the ninth such inci­dent this year.  With nine inci­dents year-to-date, verses a full-year aver­age of 8.5 for the past seven years (2009–2015), these inci­dents are occur­ring at an alarm­ing rate. They are on pace to match the spike of such inci­dents which occurred in 2013.

This year’s inci­dents have involved a wide-range of ide­o­log­i­cal extrem­ists, includ­ing anti-government extrem­ists, white suprema­cists, Islamic extrem­ists and left-wing extremists.

Inci­dent sum­maries for 2016:

Baton Rouge, Louisiana, July: Gavin Eugene Long, who had con­nec­tions with the “Moor­ish move­ment,” an off­shoot of the anti-government extrem­ist sov­er­eign cit­i­zen move­ment, was killed by a Baton Rouge SWAT team mem­ber after he ambushed offi­cers respond­ing to a call of a sus­pi­cious per­son with an assault rifle. The shootout started when three offi­cers, Mon­trell Jack­son, Matthew Ger­ald, and Brad Garafola, con­fronted Long near a con­ve­nience store. Long opened fire on the offi­cers, imme­di­ately strik­ing Jack­son and Ger­ald, and shoot­ing Garafola as he tried to assisted the two wounded offi­cers. All three offi­cers died. Long con­tin­ued to engage respond­ing police in shootouts, wound­ing three addi­tional offi­cers.  The shootout ended when a mem­ber of the Baton Rouge SWAT team shot and killed Long from approx­i­mately 100 yards away.

Dal­las, Texas, July: Micah Xavier John­son, who expressed inter­est in and had some ties to mil­i­tant Black Nation­al­ist groups, was killed by a police dur­ing a stand-off after he ambushed a group of police offi­cers dur­ing a protest in Dal­las, Texas. Wear­ing a bul­let­proof vest and armed with three weapons, John­son killed five offi­cers and injured nine oth­ers. Two bystanders were also wounded. Dur­ing the shootout John­son moved from loca­tion to loca­tion, exchang­ing gun­fire with at least 12 dif­fer­ent police offi­cers. After an hours-long stand­off, in which John­son report­edly laughed, sang, and said that he wanted to kill white peo­ple, espe­cially white police, he was killed by a police deployed bomb-carrying robot.

Orlando, Florida, June: Omar Mateen, who pledged alle­giance to ISIS and called the Boston marathon bombers his “home­boys,” opened fire on the patrons of a gay night­club in Orlando, Florida, killing 49 and wound­ing more than 50. After the ini­tial attack, Mateen took hostages, result­ing in a three-hour stand­off which ended when police entered the build­ing using an armored vehi­cle and stun grenades. Mateen was killed in the fol­low­ing shootout. One offi­cer was shot in the head and suf­fered an eye injury. by year

Doo­ley County, Geor­gia, April: White suprema­cist Joseph J. Harper died after a shootout with law enforce­ment offi­cers who were at his home with a court order to col­lect prop­erty awarded to Harper’s ex-wife. Armed with sev­eral weapons, and wear­ing a gas mask and body armor, Harper allegedly pointed a shot­gun at Doo­ley County deputies who were attempt­ing to retrieve the prop­erty. The deputies retreated and called in the Tri-County SRT Team with sup­port from the Geor­gia State Patrol and Lown­des County SWAT teams, and obtained an arrest war­rant for aggra­vated assault.  Dur­ing the lengthy stand­off that fol­lowed, Harper moved in and out of the home fir­ing rounds at the deputies and SWAT Team who returned fire at least once. After hear­ing a shot­gun blast inside the home, the SWAT team fired can­is­ters of gas and non-lethal deter­rents in to the home.  A short time later a SWAT oper­ated robot found Harper dead of an appar­ent self-inflicted gunshot.

Mobile, Alabama, April: Mobile police arrested white suprema­cist gang mem­ber Ryan Burkhardt after he insti­gated a shootout with police. Accord­ing to the Mobile police chief, Burkhardt shot at under­cover offi­cers who were attempt­ing to arrest him after he allegedly sold them hand­guns and ille­gal drugs.  Burkhardt allegedly first attempted to flee on his motor­cy­cle, but was forced to run on foot after he crashed his motor­cy­cle. As he ran to a nearby field, he fired mul­ti­ple shots at pur­su­ing offi­cers strik­ing one in the abdomen and thigh.  The offi­cers returned fire strik­ing Burkhardt twice.  Burkhardt, a mem­ber of the Mis­sis­sippi Aryan Broth­er­hood, faces five counts of attempted mur­der, attempt­ing to elude police, and carry a pis­tol with­out a permit.

Crocket, Texas, March: Mem­bers of the Crocket police depart­ment arrested a man and woman with ties to the Aryan Broth­er­hood after they shot at police dur­ing a car chase. Police encoun­tered Earl Davis Williams and Kayleigh Anne Davis, both of Geor­gia, after respond­ing to call to a trailer park about a man try­ing to break into trail­ers. As offi­cers arrived they saw the vehi­cle leav­ing and stopped it. As one offi­cer was speak­ing with the occu­pants, another offi­cer called out an alarm that an occu­pant was armed with a shot­gun, and the dri­ver sped away.  Dur­ing the sub­se­quent chase the pas­sen­ger shot out the back win­dow of their vehi­cle and shot two Crock­ett county patrol cars in pur­suit. Both Williams and Davis were arrested after they crashed their car and fled on foot.  The offi­cers were not injured.

Evans, Col­orado, Feb­ru­ary:  Luke Miller, a wanted felon and a mem­ber of the Aryan Broth­er­hood, was killed by police after he shot at a police offi­cer and ignored com­mands to drop his weapon. Offi­cers with the Evans Police Depart­ment first encoun­tered Miller when they approached two sus­pi­cious men in a secluded area while respond­ing to a report of a sus­pi­cious vehi­cle in the area.  One of the men, later iden­ti­fied as Miller, fled on foot and later shot at one of the offi­cers dur­ing a 90-minute multi-agency search.  Even­tu­ally cor­nered by offi­cers, Miller was shot after he again raised his gun at police and yelled, “Shoot me. Kill me.”

Burns, Ore­gon, Jan­u­ary:  Robert “LaVoy” Finicum, one of the anti-government extrem­ists involved in the Jan­u­ary 2nd armed takeover of the Mal­heur National Wildlife Refuge head­quar­ters near Burns, Ore­gon, was fatally wounded by Ore­gon State Police (OSP) troop­ers dur­ing an attempt by the OSP and the FBI to arrest Finicum and a num­ber of key occu­piers. Finicum was shot after he fled a traf­fic stop, exited his vehi­cle in a snow bank, and reached for a weapon in his pocket.

Philadel­phia, Penn­syl­va­nia, Jan­u­ary: Edward Archer report­edly approached Philadel­phia police offi­cer Jesse Hartnett’s patrol car, and using a stolen semi-automatic hand­gun, fired at least 13 shots directly into the driver-side area of the vehi­cle. Archer report­edly told police his alle­giance was to ISIS and believed that police defend laws con­trary to the teach­ings of the Qu’ran.

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July 6, 2016 13

Extremists Make Plans For GOP Convention

Updated July 21, 2016

The GOP con­ven­tion in Cleve­land (July 18–21) is a key oppor­tu­nity for a range of extrem­ists and big­ots who seek pub­lic­ity to voice their sup­port or oppo­si­tion to Don­ald Trump – and their hatred for any­one who dis­agrees with them.

As the Anti-Defamation League has noted, the 2016 U.S. Pres­i­den­tial cam­paign – and one can­di­date in par­tic­u­lar – has elicited unprece­dented lev­els of engage­ment and enthu­si­asm among anti-government and white suprema­cist extrem­ist groups.

The Anti-Defamation League’s Cen­ter on Extrem­ism has been mon­i­tor­ing extrem­ists’ plans to attend the Repub­li­can con­ven­tion in Cleve­land and has shared this infor­ma­tion with fed­eral law enforce­ment agents man­ag­ing secu­rity for the event. We will share new infor­ma­tion with those agents as it becomes available.

The fol­low­ing list of expected atten­dees is var­ied, rang­ing from indi­vid­u­als to orga­nized groups. This reflects the sup­port (and some­times oppo­si­tion) Don­ald Trump receives from a wide range of extrem­ists. It should be noted, there is no indi­ca­tion that Trump  sup­ports these groups.

  • Richard Spencer, who heads the National Pol­icy, a small white suprema­cist think tank, trav­eled to Cleve­land to pro­mote his racist views. Spencer held up a sign say­ing “Wanna Talk to a ‘Racist’? and report­edly said he “wanted to demys­tify white sep­a­ratism” for the peo­ple he encoun­tered in the pub­lic square near the con­ven­tion. Spencer also report­edly attended the “Wake Up!” party hosted by con­ser­v­a­tive activists, which included con­tro­ver­sial speak­ers such as Milos Yiannopou­los and anti-Muslim activists Pamela Geller and Geert Wilders, a Dutch politician.
  • Mem­bers of the anti-refugee vig­i­lante group Sol­diers of Odin USA, spot­ted out­side the con­ven­tion hall in Cleve­land, told a reporter they were there as a “com­mu­nity watch” orga­ni­za­tion and had no plans to con­front any­one unless they sensed “immi­nent dan­ger.” While they claim not to be racist, the Sol­diers of Odin USA are in fact vir­u­lently anti-Muslim and anti-immigrant. The group orig­i­nated in Fin­land, but has attracted thou­sands of mem­bers and admir­ers here in the United States, many of whom are either white suprema­cists or anti-government extremists.
  • Anti-government con­spir­acy the­o­rist Alex Jones spoke at a rally for Trump near the con­ven­tion hall host­ing the RNC, where he accused “glob­al­ists” of try­ing to imple­ment a “world gov­ern­ment.” Jones runs the Infowars web­site where he pro­motes  con­spir­acy the­o­ries such as the idea that the gov­ern­ment is behind the 9/11 ter­ror­ist attacks and  is try­ing to strip Amer­i­cans of their rights, espe­cially their rights to free speech and to own firearms.

  • The Tra­di­tion­al­ist Worker Party is an anti-Semitic, white suprema­cist group run by Matthew Heim­bach and Matt Par­rott.  They report­edly filed per­mits to march in Cleve­land but later announced alter­na­tive plans. Heim­bach showed up out­side the con­ven­tion any­way, voic­ing his dis­ap­proval for Trump, whose poli­cies “don’t go far enough” in advanc­ing white nation­al­ism, and urg­ing fol­low­ers to write in George Lin­coln Rock­well, founder of the Amer­i­can Nazi Party.

  • West­boro Bap­tist Church: Five mem­bers of the ven­omously anti-gayand anti-Semitic Kansas church plan to be in Cleve­land to protest the Repub­li­can Party and to warn atten­dees of the “immi­nent judgment”
    Westboro Baptist Church members at a protest

    West­boro Bap­tist Church mem­bers at a protest

    fac­ing the United States. WBC mem­bers are best known for pick­et­ing the funer­als of fallen U.S. sol­diers, car­ry­ing signs cel­e­brat­ing their deaths (because God hates America’s evil ways). Mem­bers of the church are equal oppor­tu­nity big­ots: They also plan to protest at the Demo­c­ra­tic National Con­ven­tion in Philadel­phia. Expect to see them car­ry­ing their usual signs – express­ing their bound­less, unmoored hatred for every­thing from gay rights to Israel.

  • Blood and Hon­our USA: This racist skin­head group is the Amer­i­can chap­ter of a loose inter­na­tional con­fed­er­a­tion of hard­core racist skin­heads.  Some mem­bers of Blood and Hon­our USA have in the past com­mit­ted vio­lent acts.  One of the group’s lead­ers announced on social media that he and a num­ber of other mem­bers would be in Cleve­land sup­port­ing Trump and wear­ing t-shirts bear­ing the Totenkopf (death’s head) – a sym­bol used by the SS in World War II.

    William Johnson of American Freedom Party

    William John­son of Amer­i­can Free­dom Party

  • Amer­i­can Free­dom Party: This white suprema­cist group is headed by attor­ney William John­son. John­son made head­lines in the spring of 2016 with his “robo­calls” to vot­ers in cru­cial pri­mary states, entreat­ing peo­ple to “defend the white race” by vot­ing for Trump, and again in May when it was revealed that he was on the list of Trump del­e­gates for Cal­i­for­nia. Blam­ing a “data­base error,” the Trump cam­paign removed John­son from its list, but AFP responded with this glee­ful Face­book mes­sage:  “…here’s what they don’t know: we have more delegates!”
  • David Riden (Trump del­e­gate from Ten­nessee): Mem­ber of the anti-government Patriot Move­ment. Riden has said he believes mem­bers of the cur­rent U.S. gov­ern­ment deserve to be killed for “abus­ing the Constitution.”
  • Jim Sta­chowiak:  Mem­ber of the anti-government Patriot Move­ment. This right-wing, rabidly anti-Muslim extrem­ist from Geor­gia will be in Cleve­land to sup­port Don­ald Trump, and has called upon “all mil­i­tary vet­er­ans, law enforce­ment vet­er­ans, fol­lowed by three-percenters, patri­ots,” to “come law­fully armed with lethal and non-lethal weaponry,” has advo­cated for Mecca to be bombed, and has made not par­tic­u­larly veiled threats against Black Lives Mat­ter activists, whom he refers to as “ter­ror­ists.”  Sta­chowiak, a for­mer uni­ver­sity pub­lic safety offi­cer turned mili­tia fan boy and online radio host, has been arrested sev­eral times.

    malik-zulu-shabazz-hashim-nzinga-charleston-south-carolina-june-2015-350x234

    The New Black Pan­ther Party at a protest in Charleston, South Carolina

  • The New Black Pan­ther Party: The NBPP will be in Cleve­land to protest against Don­ald Trump. In the days lead­ing up to the con­ven­tion, the pro­foundly anti-Semitic, black supremacy group will hold a series of protests and work­shops in part­ner­ship with Black Lawyers for Jus­tice, which is headed by for­mer NBPP leader (and cur­rent “spir­i­tual advi­sor”) Malik Zulu Shabazz. The NBPP, which is known for its calls for vio­lence against law enforce­ment, has announced plans to carry guns dur­ing its protests in Cleve­land. The New Black Pan­ther Party is not affil­i­ated with the orig­i­nal Black Pan­ther Party, whose mem­bers have harshly crit­i­cized the NBPP for “hijack­ing” the orig­i­nal group’s message.
  • Anti-Muslim activsts: Pro-LGBT con­ser­v­a­tive activists are host­ing a party called “Wake Up“ at the Repub­li­can Con­ven­tion in Cleve­land on July 19. The event will fea­ture anti-Muslim extrem­ist Pamela Geller and Milo Yiannopou­los, a con­tro­ver­sial fig­ure who report­edly made anti-Semitic com­ments in the past about Jew­ish con­trol of banks and the media. Other fea­tured speak­ers include Geert Wilders, a well-known anti-Muslim Dutch politi­cian, and Ann Coul­ter, a polit­i­cal com­men­ta­tor known for her extreme anti-immigrant posi­tion. Accord­ing to a post on the per­sonal blog of Pamela Geller, “The party is the out­come of dis­cus­sions among a group of gay Repub­li­cans fol­low­ing the tragic mas­sacre at a gay night­club in Orlando in June.” This appears to be an attempt to pro­mote an anti-Muslim agenda among this group of pro-LGBT conservatives.
  • The Oath Keep­ers will be on the ground in Cleve­land, osten­si­bly to “help” patrol the area, as they did with long guns dur­ing the protests in Fer­gu­son, Mis­souri, fol­low­ing the shoot­ing death of Michael Brown. The anti-government extrem­ist group’s web­site has denounced “rad­i­cals’” plans to protest at the con­ven­tion, and calls for vol­un­teers to par­tic­i­pate in “Oper­a­tion North Coast,” an “intel­li­gence gath­er­ing” effort. This hyper-militarized lan­guage is typ­i­cal of the Oath Keep­ers, who recruit from the mil­i­tary and law enforce­ment in their efforts to build a force capa­ble of resist­ing “gov­ern­ment overreach.”

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June 24, 2016 2

Law Enforcement: Standing in the Line of Fire

The recent attack on the les­bian, gay, bisex­ual and trans­gen­der (LGBT) com­mu­nity in Orlando that left 49 dead and more than 50 wounded is yet another exam­ple of law enforce­ment stand­ing in the line of fire in the fight against domes­tic extremism.

From 2009 to the present, at least 64 mem­bers of law enforce­ment have been shot by domes­tic extremists–including anti-government extrem­ists, white suprema­cists, domes­tic Mus­lim extrem­ists and oth­ers. Eigh­teen of those shoot­ings were fatal. Addi­tional offi­cers might have lost their lives had they not been wear­ing pro­tec­tive vests or, as in the case of the Orlando attack, a Kevlar helmet.

Since Jan­u­ary 2009, ADL has tracked 68 sep­a­rate inci­dents (includ­ing seven so far this year) in which shots have been fired between domes­tic extrem­ists and law enforce­ment in the United States. These inci­dents include sit­u­a­tions in which shots were exchanged between police and extrem­ists (shootouts), sit­u­a­tions in which extrem­ists have fired at police but police sub­dued the extrem­ists with­out hav­ing to return fire, and sit­u­a­tions in which offi­cers had to use their firearms to pro­tect them­selves against extremists.

The moti­va­tions that led the extrem­ists to vio­lence dur­ing these encoun­ters vary. Many were sim­ply try­ing to escape after police offi­cers caught them engaged in crim­i­nal behav­ior unre­lated to their extrem­ist ide­ol­ogy. For oth­ers the encounter with police became the cat­a­lyst for vio­lent ide­o­log­i­cal action. In some cases, vio­lence esca­lated to a “last stand” sit­u­a­tion in which the extremist(s) had to have known their actions would likely result in their own deaths. The most dis­turb­ing inci­dents, how­ever, are those (like the Orlando attack) in which the encounter occurred as police responded to and con­fronted extrem­ists who were in the midst of a directed and planned attack. TW-TargetsofAttacks

Fif­teen (22%) of the 68 extrem­ist encoun­ters with law enforce­ment were the result of direct attacks by the extrem­ists. In other words, these encoun­ters started purely due to the extremist’s ide­ol­ogy. In six of those cases, the extremist(s) con­ducted planned attacks on civilians–including the LGBT com­mu­nity in Florida, a Sikh tem­ple in Wis­con­sin, a Planned Par­ent­hood clinic in Col­orado, and employ­ees of the Trans­porta­tion Secu­rity Admin­is­tra­tion at the Los Ange­les air­port. In seven cases, the ini­tial attack was directed at law enforce­ment, and resulted in the assas­si­na­tions of three offi­cers. In Jan­u­ary of this year, an addi­tional offi­cer mirac­u­lously sur­vived an assas­si­na­tion attempt in Philadel­phia. In the remain­ing two cases, extrem­ists attacked mem­bers of the U.S. military.

Since 2009, offi­cers have encoun­tered domes­tic extrem­ists in 28 dif­fer­ent states. Sev­eral states have expe­ri­enced mul­ti­ple inci­dents. Texas law enforce­ment has endured 10 of the 68 encoun­ters (nearly 15%). In four of the Texas cases, the extremist(s) were linked to the Aryan Broth­er­hood of Texas or the Aryan Cir­cle, demon­strat­ing the state’s par­tic­u­lar prob­lem with large white suprema­cist prison gangs. In fact, mem­bers of racist prison gangs were involved in three of the seven shoot­ing inci­dents which have already occurred this year—including encoun­ters in Texas, Alabama and Colorado.

Florida has with­stood the sec­ond high­est num­ber of inci­dents, reach­ing eight encoun­ters with the addi­tion of the Orlando attack. Col­orado offi­cials have faced five inci­dents, and suf­fered through the loss of Col­orado Springs Offi­cer Gar­rett Swasey. Swasey, the most recent law enforce­ment casu­alty at the hand of domes­tic extrem­ists, died in the line of duty dur­ing a mass shoot­ing by an anti-abortion extrem­ist in Novem­ber 2015 at a Planned Par­ent­hood clinic.

Unfor­tu­nately ide­o­log­i­cal extrem­ists con­tinue to add to the dan­gers faced by law enforce­ment. An untold num­ber of lives were saved due to the efforts of the law enforce­ment offi­cers who con­fronted the 76 extrem­ists involved in these 68 inci­dents. These offi­cers put them­selves into dan­ger­ous sit­u­a­tions in order to pro­tect and serve the com­mu­ni­ties in which they live.

 

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