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February 27, 2015 2

College Campuses Continue To Face Divisive BDS Campaigns

Through­out the 2014–15 aca­d­e­mic year, a con­sor­tium of stu­dent groups have ini­ti­ated cam­paigns on cam­pus call­ing on their schools to divest from com­pa­nies that they believe either profit from or aid in the Israeli occupation.BDS-campus-anti-israel

The efforts are part of the larger Boy­cott, Divest­ment, and Sanc­tions (BDS) move­ment, a global effort to iso­late and pun­ish Israel because of its poli­cies toward the Pales­tini­ans. While sup­port­ers of the BDS move­ment claim to embrace the tac­tic as a non­vi­o­lent way to pres­sure Israel into nego­ti­a­tions, one of the prin­ci­pal com­po­nents of the cam­paign calls for a full and com­plete right of return for Pales­tini­ans which would result in a non-Jewish major­ity and erase the Jew­ish char­ac­ter of Israel. The BDS cam­paign is clearly a biased effort to demo­nize Israel and place the entire onus of the con­flict on the Jew­ish state.

While these ini­tia­tives have failed to have any prac­ti­cal out­comes in terms of uni­ver­sity invest­ment poli­cies, it can­not be ignored that some have had a divi­sive and cor­ro­sive effect on the cam­pus cli­mate. On some cam­puses, divest­ment ini­tia­tives have left Jew­ish and pro-Israel stu­dents feel­ing belea­guered and iso­lated. Other stu­dents report a tense atmos­phere on cam­puses where stu­dents and stu­dent lead­ers are pres­sured to “choose sides” on a con­flict they know lit­tle about.

So far this aca­d­e­mic year, nearly 300 anti-Israel events have been sched­uled, with about 40% of them focused on BDS cam­paigns. In addi­tion, BDS res­o­lu­tions have been voted in stu­dent gov­ern­ment on or ini­ti­ated by anti-Israel stu­dent groups on 11 campuses.

In the com­ing weeks, addi­tion BDS activ­ity will be coor­di­nated on cam­pus as part of the eleventh annual Israeli Apartheid Week (IAW), which began on Feb­ru­ary 23 and is sched­uled to run through March. IAW Events have been sched­uled on at least 25 col­lege cam­puses in the U.S. thus far. Some cam­puses are sched­uled to host pre­sen­ta­tions on top­ics such as the false Gaza-Ferguson anal­ogy and oth­ers will set up mock “apartheid walls” on their cam­puses, and/or dis­trib­ute mock “evic­tion notices.”

Below is a list of cur­rent cam­pus BDS cam­paigns and res­o­lu­tions which have been voted on:

  • North­west­ern Uni­ver­sity – The North­west­ern Uni­ver­sity stu­dent gov­ern­ment passed a divest­ment res­o­lu­tion sub­mit­ted by the student-group NU Divest on Wednes­day, Feb­ru­ary 18, 2015. The vote was 24–22-3.
  • Stan­ford Uni­ver­sity – The Under­grad­u­ate Sen­ate of Stan­ford Uni­ver­sity passed a BDS res­o­lu­tion sub­mit­ted by the student-group Stan­ford out of Occu­pied Pales­tine on Tues­day, Feb­ru­ary 17, 2015. The vote on the res­o­lu­tion was 10–4-1.
  • Uni­ver­sity of Toledo – The Uni­ver­sity of Toledo stu­dent gov­ern­ment ruled that a BDS res­o­lu­tion sub­mit­ted by the cam­pus Stu­dents for Jus­tice in Pales­tine chap­ter was uncon­sti­tu­tional on Tues­day, Feb­ru­ary 17, 2015.
  • Uni­ver­sity of California-Davis – The UC Davis Stu­dent Sen­ate passed a divest­ment res­o­lu­tion that was sub­mit­ted by the cam­pus Stu­dents for Jus­tice in Pales­tine chap­ter on Thurs­day, Jan­u­ary 29, 2015. The vote on the res­o­lu­tion was 8–2-2, but it was chal­lenged and over­turned by the student-led Court of Asso­ci­ated Stu­dents, which is beyond the juris­dic­tion of the Stu­dent Senate.
  • United Auto Work­ers (UAW) 2865 – The Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia Stu­dent Work­ers Union (UAW 2865) endorsed a divest­ment res­o­lu­tion on Thurs­day, Decem­ber 4, 2014 call­ing on the UC Board of Regents to divest from com­pa­nies that are allegedly prof­it­ing from or aid­ing in the Israeli occu­pa­tion. The res­o­lu­tion also called for an end of U.S. aid to Israel and for UAW Inter­na­tional to divest from the same cor­po­ra­tions. The vote was 1411–749.
  • Uni­ver­sity of California-Los Ange­les - On Tues­day, Novem­ber 18, 2014, the UCLA stu­dent gov­ern­ment endorsed a divest­ment res­o­lu­tion that was sub­mit­ted by the cam­pus Stu­dents for Jus­tice in Pales­tine chap­ter. The vote on the res­o­lu­tion was 8–2-2.

Below is a list of BDS cam­paigns cur­rently tak­ing place:

  • Uni­ver­sity of Michi­gan –  The student-group Stu­dents Allied for Free­dom and Equal­ity (SAFE) at the Uni­ver­sity of Michi­gan announced plans to ini­ti­ate a divest­ment cam­paign called “#UMDi­vest” on Feb­ru­ary 18, 2015. To go along with this, they are host­ing a BDS sym­po­sium to dis­cuss the cam­paign, read the res­o­lu­tion, and answer ques­tions from the audience.
  • Uni­ver­sity of Hous­ton – The Uni­ver­sity of Hous­ton Stu­dents for Jus­tice in Pales­tine (SJP) chap­ter announced plans to ini­ti­ate a BDS cam­paign on Feb­ru­ary 12, 2015. The group spon­sored a pro-BDS demon­stra­tion on their cam­pus that day where the cam­paign was announced.
  • Ohio State Uni­ver­sity – A newly-founded group called Ohio State Uni­ver­sity Divest (OSU Divest) started a divest­ment cam­paign on Jan­u­ary 29, 2015. They announced their cam­paign through a press release and state that they were call­ing on the Uni­ver­sity to divest from com­pa­nies that allegedly harm and/or profit from harm­ing Palestinians.
  • San Diego State Uni­ver­sity – SDSU Stu­dents for Jus­tice in Pales­tine launched a divest­ment cam­paign and new group called San Diego State Uni­ver­sity Divest (SDSU Divest) on Jan­u­ary 25, 2015. To go along with the cam­paign, they have been cir­cu­lat­ing a peti­tion to cur­rent stu­dents, alumni, fac­ulty, staff, and com­mu­nity mem­bers that calls for divest­ment “from com­pa­nies that profit from vio­lence against the Palestinians.”
  • Uni­ver­sity of South­ern Florida – The Uni­ver­sity of South­ern Florida SJP chap­ter put up a pro-BDS bill­board near cam­pus to claim that 10,000 stu­dents were silenced because BDS was not enforced by the Uni­ver­sity Admin­is­tra­tion after the group allegedly col­lected 10,000 sig­na­tures call­ing on the uni­ver­sity to divest from cor­po­ra­tions that allegedly profit from the Israeli occupation.

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January 30, 2015 5

BDS Passed at UC Davis, Other BDS Campaigns Also Occurring

Last night at the Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia, Davis, a divest­ment res­o­lu­tion was passed by The Asso­ci­ated Stu­dents, Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia (ASUCD) with a vote of 8–2-2. The res­o­lu­tion, which calls on the UC Board of Regents to divest from com­pa­nies that allegedly “aid in the Israeli occu­pa­tion of Pales­tine and ille­gal set­tle­ments in Pales­tin­ian ter­ri­to­ries,” tar­gets spe­cific cor­po­ra­tions such as Cater­pil­lar, G4S, Veo­lia Envi­ron­ment and Raytheon.

Students from Davis Divest celebrate after their BDS resolution was passed with an 8-2-2 vote.

Stu­dents from Davis Divest cel­e­brate after their BDS res­o­lu­tion was passed with an 8–2-2 vote.

Sev­eral other Boy­cott, Divest­ment, and Sanc­tions cam­paigns are simul­ta­ne­ously occur­ring on other col­lege cam­puses across the U.S. This is con­sis­tent with our pre­dic­tions in our “Anti-Israel Activ­ity on Cam­pus After Oper­a­tion Pro­tec­tive Edge” report about upcom­ing chal­lenges on cam­puses where student-groups are look­ing to con­vince their uni­ver­si­ties to divest from cor­po­ra­tions that they believe per­pet­u­ate or profit from the Israeli occupation.

In some cases, new stu­dent groups have been founded to launch these cam­paigns and in other cases, estab­lished anti-Israel stu­dent groups such as Stu­dents for Jus­tice in Pales­tine (SJP), have taken the lead. In many cases, these stu­dent groups have attempted to form part­ner­ships with other groups on their cam­puses to build broad coali­tions and to latch onto other social jus­tice causes. For exam­ple, these groups have spon­sored events such as “From Fer­gu­son to Pales­tine and the Wall,” which took place in mid-January at Stan­ford Uni­ver­sity and described as an oppor­tu­nity to “dis­cuss the specifics and con­nec­tions between the move­ments for jus­tice in Fer­gu­son, the US-Mexico Bor­der and Palestine.”

Dur­ing the first semes­ter of the cur­rent aca­d­e­mic year, the UCLA SJP chap­ter was able to get “A Res­o­lu­tion to Divest from Cor­po­ra­tions Engaged in Vio­lence Against Pales­tini­ans” passed by their stu­dent gov­ern­ment. The res­o­lu­tion, which was spon­sored by 15 stu­dent orga­ni­za­tions and endorsed by another 17, was voted on with an 8–2-2 mar­gin. In addi­tion, at the end of last semes­ter, the UC Student-Workers Union, UAW Local 2865, voted in favor of a res­o­lu­tion urg­ing the UC Board of Regents to join the BDS move­ment against Israel.

In addi­tion to UC Davis, there are another six cam­puses in the U.S. that are cur­rently engaged in BDS cam­paigns. Below is a run­down of their activ­i­ties:  

  1. DePaul Uni­ver­sity – The DePaul Divest coali­tion sub­mit­ted a request to the Fair Busi­ness Prac­tices Com­mit­tee (FBPC) to uphold a deci­sion made last spring when DePaul stu­dents voted on a ref­er­en­dum in favor of divest­ment dur­ing Stu­dent Gov­ern­ment elec­tions. The com­pa­nies that they were tar­get­ing for divest­ment included Hewlett-Packard, Boe­ing, Lock­heed Mar­tin, Veo­lia, and Cater­pil­lar, but the pro­posal was report­edly rejected by the FBPC.
  1. North­west­ern Uni­ver­sity – A newly-founded group called NU Divest has been host­ing pro-BDS events to inform their student-body about BDS and they are plan­ning to sub­mit a divest­ment res­o­lu­tion for vote to their stu­dent gov­ern­ment at some point this semester.
  1. Stan­ford Uni­ver­sity – A new stu­dent group called Stan­ford Out of Occu­pied Pales­tine has been host­ing pro-BDS events on cam­pus and plans to sub­mit a divest­ment res­o­lu­tion to their stu­dent gov­ern­ment this semester.
  1. SDSU – A group call­ing itself SDSU Divest recently launched a divest­ment cam­paign and has been cir­cu­lat­ing a peti­tion to cur­rent stu­dents, alumni, fac­ulty, staff, and com­mu­nity mem­bers that calls for divest­ment “from com­pa­nies that profit from vio­lence against the Pales­tini­ans.” The group is also host­ing its “First Open Forum for Divest­ment” next Tues­day, Feb­ru­ary 3.
  1. Uni­ver­sity of South Florida – The USF SJP chap­ter recently put a bill­board up near their cam­pus that claims that “10,000 stu­dents were silenced” and calls on USF to divest from cor­po­ra­tions allegedly prof­it­ing from the Israeli occu­pa­tion. They claim that stu­dents were silenced because the uni­ver­sity did not pur­sue divest­ment after they cir­cu­lated a pro-BDS peti­tion that report­edly received over 10,000 signatures.
  1. Ohio State Uni­ver­sity – A newly-founded group called OSU Divest started a divest­ment cam­paign on their cam­pus and dis­sem­i­nated a press release which calls for OSU to divest from com­pa­nies that allegedly “engage in or oth­er­wise profit from poli­cies that oppress and mar­gin­al­ize Palestinians.”

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December 5, 2014 10

Beyond Ferguson and Staten Island: Where Do We Go From Here?

In the wake of two grand jury decisions—in Fer­gu­son, MO and Staten Island, NY—not to indict the police offi­cers who were involved in the killing of black men, the time has come to ask our­selves: Where do we go from here? There are a myr­iad of ideas and leg­is­la­tion on the table–diversity train­ing for the police, fund­ing to pro­vide body cam­eras for police offi­cers and leg­is­la­tion to tighten stan­dards on military-style equip­ment for local police depart­ments. These are all wor­thy ideas and should be pur­sued with both care and speed.NYC Protests

At the same time, as Amer­i­cans, we need to come to grips with the con­cept of implicit bias and how it works its way into the small and big things in life.

Implicit bias is a pos­i­tive or neg­a­tive (usu­ally neg­a­tive) men­tal atti­tude toward a per­son or group that we hold at an uncon­scious level and with­out inten­tional con­trol. The notion of implicit bias was con­ceived by Anthony Green­wald and Mahzarin R. Banaji in 1995 and there is now sub­stan­tial and empir­i­cal sup­port for the idea that most peo­ple hold implicit biases about minor­ity and mar­gin­al­ized groups such as peo­ple of color, women, LGBT peo­ple and others.

Implicit bias hap­pens when two job applicants—one named Ayesha and the other, Alli­son sub­mit the exact same resume for a job and Alli­son is 50% more likely to get a call. Implicit bias fuels the school to prison pipeline that dis­pro­por­tion­ately dis­ci­plines, sus­pends and expels stu­dents of color in our nation’s schools. Implicit bias pro­pels the microag­gres­sions many peo­ple expe­ri­ence on a daily basis, which can often “feel like bro­ken glass.” The fact that African Amer­i­cans are dis­pro­por­tion­ately rep­re­sented in all lev­els of the crim­i­nal jus­tice sys­tem can be seen as implicit bias.

When schools want to address bias in the class­room, they tend to focus on dis­crim­i­na­tion and overt forms of racism, sex­ism and other injus­tices. This is crit­i­cal. How­ever, in order for our soci­ety to make a fun­da­men­tal change, we need to also talk about, explain, teach, under­stand and do some­thing about implicit bias.

Some ideas for edu­ca­tors and parents:

  • When chil­dren are very young, in school and at home, make sure that their lives are filled with a diver­sity of peo­ple, activ­i­ties, cur­ricu­lum and books that reflect our larger soci­ety. Help them explore prej­u­dice, fair­ness and bul­ly­ing.
  • Teach about Fer­gu­son and beyond, help­ing stu­dents to under­stand the racial dis­par­i­ties in the crim­i­nal jus­tice sys­tem and solicit their ideas for turn­ing this around.

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