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October 9, 2015 0

Terror in Israel, A Reality We Know Too Well

By: Car­ole Nuriel, ADL’s Jerusalem Office

Over the past two weeks, a wave of ter­ror has once again hit Israel. For those of us who grew up in Israel dur­ing the 1980s, this is an unfor­tu­nate real­ity we know all too well. Israelis suf­fered through two intifadas, waves of ter­ror attacks includ­ing sui­cide bombs, shoot­ings, run-over attacks, stone throw­ing and Molo­tov cock­tails. Yet there is a feel­ing now that this par­tic­u­lar wave of ter­ror is dif­fer­ent. There are a few rea­sons for this:

•       The ter­ror­ists’ pro­file: They come both from Pales­tin­ian areas in the West Bank and from Israeli Arab communities

•       Most of them are rel­a­tively young, some even teenagers

Obvi­ously, another change is the use of social media:  some of the ter­ror­ists have declared their inten­tion to carry out attacks on social media. This tool, which has become the new “city square”, pro­vides a plat­form for recruit­ment, incite­ment, how-tos, as well as for orga­niz­ing crowds to demon­strate and riot against Israeli secu­rity forces.

Israel violence

In many ways, this wave of vio­lence rep­re­sents an on-the-ground ver­sion of the recent Hamas rocket attacks from Gaza, which indis­crim­i­nately tar­geted Israeli civil­ians through­out the coun­try. This wave may have started in East Jerusalem and the West Bank, but quickly caught fire to the rest of the coun­try, and is now tar­get­ing cities like Kiryat Gat, Petach Tikva, Tel Aviv and Afula. Much like Hamas’ rock­ets, much of the fear Israelis are now feel­ing is because of the sense that no place in the coun­try is immune from ter­ror attacks.

Anx­i­ety is felt every­where, as is the nature of ter­ror­ism. I live in Modi’in and have taken Road 443 to Jerusalem daily for the past eight years. How­ever, dur­ing the last few months I haven’t felt safe dri­ving on 443, espe­cially with my kids, as there have been numer­ous stone and Molo­tov cock­tail throw­ing inci­dents on this road. I now feel safer tak­ing High­way 1, even though it means a longer drive to Jerusalem. Indeed, many Modi’in res­i­dents don’t drive on 443 any­more. Some­thing has def­i­nitely changed. Just today, I received a notice that secu­rity check­points will be erected at all entrances to the city, and secu­rity in all edu­ca­tional insti­tu­tions will be increased.

Polls have shown that there is a gen­eral pub­lic con­sen­sus among Pales­tini­ans against ter­ror­ism. But last week we wit­nessed another kind of evil, one which greatly wor­ries me. Dur­ing Sat­ur­day night’s ter­ri­ble stab­bing in the Old City of Jerusalem, Adele Ben­nett, whose hus­band was killed and she her­self stabbed, was report­edly spat on and laughed at by Arab bystanders as she ran to get help with a knife still in her back. What can be more insult­ing, upset­ting and inhu­mane than this inde­cent act?

But this is not only about ter­ror, it’s also about incite­ment to vio­lence. Many of those riot­ing claim Israel is attempt­ing to change the sta­tus quo on Tem­ple Mount. This holy place to both Judaism and Islam has been the focus of clashes and provo­ca­tions for years. It is hard to ignore the dan­ger­ous actions and dis­course of the Islamic Move­ment in Israel, who have sup­ported the Murabitun/Murabitat group, whose sole pur­pose is to pro­voke and insult Jews vis­it­ing the Tem­ple Mount. Incite­ment has also come from senior Pales­tin­ian Author­ity offi­cials, includ­ing Pres­i­dent Mah­moud Abbas who infa­mously declared in a tele­vi­sion inter­view a few weeks ago that Jews are defil­ing the Tem­ple Mount with their feet.

Today more than ever, reli­gious and polit­i­cal lead­ers must under­stand how eas­ily their incit­ing words can lead to vio­lence and terrorism.

There are ongo­ing efforts among Israeli and Pales­tin­ian lead­ers to deesca­late ten­sions. Israelis hope and pray that this will be suc­cess­ful, and that the per­sonal secu­rity will be restored.

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September 25, 2015 20

University Departments Sponsor Key BDS Advocates

Uni­ver­sity depart­ments on five dif­fer­ent col­lege cam­puses have spon­sored or co-sponsored anti-Israel pro­grams pro­mot­ing Boy­cott, Divest­ment, and Sanc­tions (BDS) cam­paigns so far dur­ing the 2015–16 aca­d­e­mic year. The found­ing goals of the BDS move­ment and many of the strate­gies employed in BDS cam­paigns are anti-Semitic.  Such spon­sor­ship cre­ates the per­cep­tion that spe­cific uni­ver­sity depart­ments sanc­tion these goals and strate­gies, lend­ing an added degree of legit­i­macy and cred­i­bil­ity to anti-Israel advo­cacy and cam­paigns that may alien­ate Jew­ish and pro-Israel students.omar-barghouti-berkeley-flyer

Since the 2012–13 aca­d­e­mic year, there have been at least 99 anti-Israel events that received uni­ver­sity depart­ment spon­sor­ship, includ­ing 44 events which took place in the 2014–15 aca­d­e­mic year.

On Sep­tem­ber 18, 2015, Omar Bargh­outi, a found­ing mem­ber of the Pales­tin­ian Cam­paign for the Aca­d­e­mic and Cul­tural Boy­cott of Israel (PACBI), spoke at the Uni­ver­sity of California-Berkeley. His pre­sen­ta­tion, which dis­cussed the role which he believes acad­e­mia should play in BDS, was spon­sored by the cam­pus Stu­dents for Jus­tice in Pales­tine (SJP) chap­ter and co-sponsored by eight dif­fer­ent Uni­ver­sity depart­ments, includ­ing the Cen­ter for Race and Gen­der, Asian Amer­i­can Stud­ies, Native Amer­i­can Stud­ies, Eth­nic Stud­ies, Eng­lish, Chi­cano Stud­ies, Near East­ern Stud­ies, and African Amer­i­can Studies.

Bargh­outi, a founder of the move­ment who recently stated that he believes BDS is turn­ing main­stream, has used Holo­caust imagery to con­demn Israel and its sup­port­ers in past pre­sen­ta­tions and inter­views. He also has advo­cated for a one-state solu­tion to the Israeli-Palestinian con­flict, along with the right of return for Pales­tin­ian refugees, claim­ing that one state would mean “equal­ity for everyone–irrespective of iden­tity, eth­nic­ity, reli­gion or any other attribute.”

Barghouti’s event is not unique for this year though, as the Cen­ter for Diver­sity and Inclu­sion at Michi­gan Tech­no­log­i­cal Uni­ver­sity spon­sored a sim­i­lar pre­sen­ta­tion from Israeli anti-Zionist author Miko Peled on Sep­tem­ber 15, 2015. Over the years, Peled has made sev­eral state­ments about Jews, Israel, and the Israeli-Palestinian con­flict that would not define “inclu­sion” or “diver­sity.” These state­ments include his alle­ga­tion that Israel turned Gaza into an “enor­mous con­cen­tra­tion camp” or more recently, when he stated that “nei­ther Iran, Hezbol­lah or Hamas pose a threat to Israel, they pose a threat to the Israeli occu­pa­tion and oppres­sion of Palestinians.”

Other events which received depart­ment spon­sor­ship this year include an upcom­ing per­for­mance by Remi Kanazi, an Orga­niz­ing Com­mit­tee mem­ber of the US Cam­paign for the Aca­d­e­mic & Cul­tural Boy­cott of Israel (USACBI), at John Jay Col­lege. At John Jay, Kanazi’s per­for­mance is being co-sponsored by the Depart­ment of Gen­der Studies.

In addi­tion, a Sep­tem­ber 16 pre­sen­ta­tion at Drew Uni­ver­sity by Bassem Tamimi, a Pales­tin­ian anti-Israel activist who has been arrested in Israel sev­eral times, was co-sponsored by the Mid­dle East Stud­ies Depart­ment; and a pre­sen­ta­tion from Vijay Prashad, the for­mer Edward Said chair in Amer­i­can Stud­ies at the Amer­i­can Uni­ver­sity of Beirut, was co-sponsored by the Ethics, Peace, and Global Affairs Program.

While not all advo­cates of BDS are anti-Semitic and may be dri­ven by per­ceived legit­i­mate crit­i­cism of cer­tain Israeli poli­cies toward Pales­tini­ans, many indi­vid­u­als engaged in BDS cam­paigns are dri­ven by oppo­si­tion to Israel’s very exis­tence as a Jew­ish state. Because of this, it’s unfor­tu­nate that uni­ver­sity depart­ments would lend their spon­sor­ship to events that can cre­ate an envi­ron­ment that is hos­tile to Jew­ish and pro-Israel students.

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January 30, 2015 5

BDS Passed at UC Davis, Other BDS Campaigns Also Occurring

Last night at the Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia, Davis, a divest­ment res­o­lu­tion was passed by The Asso­ci­ated Stu­dents, Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia (ASUCD) with a vote of 8–2-2. The res­o­lu­tion, which calls on the UC Board of Regents to divest from com­pa­nies that allegedly “aid in the Israeli occu­pa­tion of Pales­tine and ille­gal set­tle­ments in Pales­tin­ian ter­ri­to­ries,” tar­gets spe­cific cor­po­ra­tions such as Cater­pil­lar, G4S, Veo­lia Envi­ron­ment and Raytheon.

Students from Davis Divest celebrate after their BDS resolution was passed with an 8-2-2 vote.

Stu­dents from Davis Divest cel­e­brate after their BDS res­o­lu­tion was passed with an 8–2-2 vote.

Sev­eral other Boy­cott, Divest­ment, and Sanc­tions cam­paigns are simul­ta­ne­ously occur­ring on other col­lege cam­puses across the U.S. This is con­sis­tent with our pre­dic­tions in our “Anti-Israel Activ­ity on Cam­pus After Oper­a­tion Pro­tec­tive Edge” report about upcom­ing chal­lenges on cam­puses where student-groups are look­ing to con­vince their uni­ver­si­ties to divest from cor­po­ra­tions that they believe per­pet­u­ate or profit from the Israeli occupation.

In some cases, new stu­dent groups have been founded to launch these cam­paigns and in other cases, estab­lished anti-Israel stu­dent groups such as Stu­dents for Jus­tice in Pales­tine (SJP), have taken the lead. In many cases, these stu­dent groups have attempted to form part­ner­ships with other groups on their cam­puses to build broad coali­tions and to latch onto other social jus­tice causes. For exam­ple, these groups have spon­sored events such as “From Fer­gu­son to Pales­tine and the Wall,” which took place in mid-January at Stan­ford Uni­ver­sity and described as an oppor­tu­nity to “dis­cuss the specifics and con­nec­tions between the move­ments for jus­tice in Fer­gu­son, the US-Mexico Bor­der and Palestine.”

Dur­ing the first semes­ter of the cur­rent aca­d­e­mic year, the UCLA SJP chap­ter was able to get “A Res­o­lu­tion to Divest from Cor­po­ra­tions Engaged in Vio­lence Against Pales­tini­ans” passed by their stu­dent gov­ern­ment. The res­o­lu­tion, which was spon­sored by 15 stu­dent orga­ni­za­tions and endorsed by another 17, was voted on with an 8–2-2 mar­gin. In addi­tion, at the end of last semes­ter, the UC Student-Workers Union, UAW Local 2865, voted in favor of a res­o­lu­tion urg­ing the UC Board of Regents to join the BDS move­ment against Israel.

In addi­tion to UC Davis, there are another six cam­puses in the U.S. that are cur­rently engaged in BDS cam­paigns. Below is a run­down of their activ­i­ties:  

  1. DePaul Uni­ver­sity – The DePaul Divest coali­tion sub­mit­ted a request to the Fair Busi­ness Prac­tices Com­mit­tee (FBPC) to uphold a deci­sion made last spring when DePaul stu­dents voted on a ref­er­en­dum in favor of divest­ment dur­ing Stu­dent Gov­ern­ment elec­tions. The com­pa­nies that they were tar­get­ing for divest­ment included Hewlett-Packard, Boe­ing, Lock­heed Mar­tin, Veo­lia, and Cater­pil­lar, but the pro­posal was report­edly rejected by the FBPC.
  1. North­west­ern Uni­ver­sity – A newly-founded group called NU Divest has been host­ing pro-BDS events to inform their student-body about BDS and they are plan­ning to sub­mit a divest­ment res­o­lu­tion for vote to their stu­dent gov­ern­ment at some point this semester.
  1. Stan­ford Uni­ver­sity – A new stu­dent group called Stan­ford Out of Occu­pied Pales­tine has been host­ing pro-BDS events on cam­pus and plans to sub­mit a divest­ment res­o­lu­tion to their stu­dent gov­ern­ment this semester.
  1. SDSU – A group call­ing itself SDSU Divest recently launched a divest­ment cam­paign and has been cir­cu­lat­ing a peti­tion to cur­rent stu­dents, alumni, fac­ulty, staff, and com­mu­nity mem­bers that calls for divest­ment “from com­pa­nies that profit from vio­lence against the Pales­tini­ans.” The group is also host­ing its “First Open Forum for Divest­ment” next Tues­day, Feb­ru­ary 3.
  1. Uni­ver­sity of South Florida – The USF SJP chap­ter recently put a bill­board up near their cam­pus that claims that “10,000 stu­dents were silenced” and calls on USF to divest from cor­po­ra­tions allegedly prof­it­ing from the Israeli occu­pa­tion. They claim that stu­dents were silenced because the uni­ver­sity did not pur­sue divest­ment after they cir­cu­lated a pro-BDS peti­tion that report­edly received over 10,000 signatures.
  1. Ohio State Uni­ver­sity – A newly-founded group called OSU Divest started a divest­ment cam­paign on their cam­pus and dis­sem­i­nated a press release which calls for OSU to divest from com­pa­nies that allegedly “engage in or oth­er­wise profit from poli­cies that oppress and mar­gin­al­ize Palestinians.”

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