incitement Archives - ADL Blogs » ADL Blogs
Posts Tagged ‘incitement’
December 22, 2015 1

Israel’s Choice: Incitement or Civility

By Jonathan Green­blatt
CEO of the Anti-Defamation League

This arti­cle orig­i­nally appeared in the Times of Israel.

As we see in Amer­ica these days, when peo­ple are feel­ing vul­ner­a­ble and inse­cure, politi­cians and dem­a­gogues play on those fears to offer solu­tions that are often anti-democratic and that will ulti­mately weaken, rather than strengthen society.

 So it is in Israel. The coun­try faces con­tin­ual ter­ror­ist vio­lence against its cit­i­zens — more fright­en­ing in some ways than intifadas because of the ran­dom and inti­mate nature of the attacks. And as hos­tile anti-Israel cam­paigns grow around the world, some Israelis turn to sim­plis­tic solu­tions. Those include blam­ing ter­ror on those who dis­agree with them polit­i­cally and engag­ing in behav­ior that verges into incite­ment. Such trends risk sti­fling the cul­ture of free expres­sion that Israel can be so proud of.

In recent days, this phe­nom­e­non has man­i­fested itself in the con­tin­ued attacks on Pres­i­dent Reuven Rivlin for his insis­tence on speak­ing to all seg­ments of Israel’s diverse soci­ety. It has shown up in an ugly video cre­ated by Im Tirtzu, a right-wing advo­cacy group, to name and dele­git­imize left-wing Israeli activists as “for­eign agents” in what can only be con­sid­ered an act of hate­ful incite­ment. It also appears in a broader Knes­set bill that would bar non­govern­men­tal orga­ni­za­tions funded by for­eign gov­ern­ments from any con­tact with gov­ern­ment and mil­i­tary authorities.

All of these together rep­re­sent a seri­ous threat to Israel’s robust demo­c­ra­tic tradition.

Let’s be clear: when a group like Break­ing the Silence airs alleged atroc­i­ties com­mit­ted by Israeli sol­diers abroad — instead of through the estab­lished legal chan­nels for deal­ing with such alle­ga­tions — it under­stand­ably raises the ire of Israelis who are proud of the Israel Defense Forces, the force that stands in the way of Israel’s destruc­tion at the hands of its ene­mies. And it is fair to raise ques­tions about whether such groups play a con­struc­tive role or con­tribute to Israel’s iso­la­tion in the world.

There is, how­ever, a line that should not be crossed. And of late, there are too many cross­ings of that line.

Pres­i­dent Rivlin has been a par­tic­u­lar tar­get of these attacks. Already dur­ing last sum­mer, when Rivlin harshly con­demned the arson attack in Duma, he was widely con­demned on social media for speak­ing out. This included the post­ing of pic­tures of him wear­ing a kef­fiyeh and a Nazi uni­form. Incite­ment of this nature is rem­i­nis­cent of the attacks against for­mer Prime Min­is­ter Yitzhak Rabin that pre­ceded his assas­si­na­tion 20 years ago.

 More recently, when the Israeli pres­i­dent spoke before the Haaretz con­fer­ence in New York, which also fea­tured a panel dis­cus­sion with Break­ing the Silence, Israel’s Chan­nel 20 harshly crit­i­cized him on their Face­book page say­ing the pres­i­dent “mustn’t spit in the face of the sol­diers,” and that his par­tic­i­pa­tion in the same con­fer­ence with Break­ing the Silence is “con­tempt of the presidency.”

The pres­i­dent used his podium to high­light the impor­tance of speak­ing with groups with whom he stren­u­ously dis­agreed, a prin­ci­pled exam­ple of the type of plu­ral­ism that define open soci­eties. Indeed, he specif­i­cally called out his com­plaints against groups such as Break­ing the Silence, as did for­mer Min­is­ter of Jus­tice and Knes­set law­maker Tzipi Livni.

 A trou­bling inci­dent in the effort to dele­git­imize and sti­fle left-wing crit­i­cism of Israel was the egre­gious video pro­duced by Im Tirtzu paint­ing left wing activists as com­plicit in Pales­tin­ian stabbings.

 An orga­ni­za­tion has every right to be crit­i­cal of polit­i­cal activ­i­ties it deems harm­ful to the nation. But this kind of fear tac­tic — of blam­ing left-wing groups for the ongo­ing wave of Pales­tin­ian ter­ror­ism in order to dele­git­imize them — is a form of incite­ment that crosses over into hate speech. Whether one agrees or dis­agrees with the work of the non­govern­men­tal orga­ni­za­tions men­tioned — and ADL strongly dis­agrees with groups like Break­ing the Silence, which refuse to con­tex­tu­al­ize Israeli mil­i­tary actions and to con­sider the hos­tile cli­mate to which they con­tribute — accus­ing them of sup­port­ing Pales­tin­ian ter­ror is poten­tially libelous, and cer­tainly unde­mo­c­ra­tic and dangerous.

This kind of incite­ment against Pres­i­dent Rivlin or against left-wing orga­ni­za­tions and activists should be rejected and con­demned. Israel has trag­i­cally expe­ri­enced what such incite­ment can lead to. Luck­ily, many have spo­ken up.

At the same time, respon­si­bil­ity for how one deals with del­i­cate issues, par­tic­u­larly at a time of great vul­ner­a­bil­ity in soci­ety, falls on all sec­tors of soci­ety. Those on the left who are crit­i­cal of Israeli poli­cies have a right to offer those crit­i­cisms. But they also should be mind­ful of the impact of those crit­i­cisms on the aver­age Israeli and on embold­en­ing forces around the world who are hos­tile to Israel.

For civil soci­ety to work in a demo­c­ra­tic coun­try, civil lib­er­ties must be pro­tected. The right to voice one’s views must be guar­an­teed, and one’s secu­rity in doing so must be reassured.

If civil lib­er­ties are dimin­ished in Israel, Israel will be diminished.

But out­side of Israel, it is essen­tial to rec­og­nize that, in any soci­ety, if a citizenry’s sense of vul­ner­a­bil­ity and inse­cu­rity reaches a break­ing point, pub­lic sup­port for civil lib­er­ties dimin­ishes accord­ingly, while calls for secu­rity increase. In fact, it is worth reflect­ing on the remark­able resilience of Israeli democ­racy in the face of the unre­lent­ing exter­nal threats that it has faced since its establishment.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , ,

January 30, 2014 0

The Media’s Coverage of Palestinian Incitement Towards Israel

Recently, the New York Times ran an infor­ma­tive piece on the pro­lif­er­a­tion of Hamas train­ing camps in Gaza, where impres­sion­able Pales­tin­ian teens are taught to hate Israel through par­tic­i­pa­tion in military-style boot camps, where they are trained to fire guns and build bombs in order to attack the Jew­ish State.

While the arti­cle itself was inter­est­ing, the tim­ing seemed to sug­gest that Pales­tin­ian incite­ment was some­thing of a new phe­nom­e­non. The real­ity is that this type of vio­lent indoc­tri­na­tion equip­ping chil­dren with the skills and moti­va­tion to kill Israelis, as well as other forms of Pales­tin­ian incite­ment, are noth­ing new.

A recent Israeli gov­ern­ment report high­lights how Pales­tin­ian gov­ern­ment offi­cials, media out­lets and edu­ca­tional insti­tu­tions are engaged in an ongo­ing incite­ment cam­paign towards Israel. Hitler is quoted on school Face­book pages, Jews are described on TV as “bar­baric mon­keys” and the “mur­ders of Mohammed,” and Pales­tin­ian Pres­i­dent Abbas has repeat­edly embraced released Pales­tin­ian ter­ror­ists as “heroes.”

Per­haps one of the most infa­mous instances of Pales­tin­ian incite­ment occurred in 2007 with Mickey Mouse “Far­four” episode, where Mickey was shown on Hamas TV being beaten to death by an actor pos­ing as an Israeli agent try­ing to buy land. Young view­ers of the TV pro­gram were than told that “Far­four was mar­tyred while defend­ing his land” and was killed “by the killers of chil­dren.” The Hamas TV episode was so hor­rific it even mer­ited a spot on The Daily Show.

With Israel and the Pales­tini­ans cur­rently engaged in an intense and pro­tracted period of nego­ti­a­tions over the poten­tial for a future Pales­tin­ian state, the need to high­light and coun­ter­act the dan­gers of incite­ment is even more press­ing. The issue has been repeat­edly raised in recent weeks by Israeli polit­i­cal lead­ers in meet­ings with inter­na­tional lead­ers, pub­lic speeches and other forums, but hasn’t received as much inter­na­tional media atten­tion as it should.

In order for peace to be achieved, the Pales­tin­ian Author­ity must end the incite­ment cam­paign against Israel. It is the task of respon­si­ble media out­lets to con­tinue to draw atten­tion to the issue, and not allow incite­ment to con­tinue exist­ing under the surface.

 

Tags: , , , , , , , , , ,