Iran » ADL Blogs
Posts Tagged ‘Iran’
January 22, 2016 2

The Enemy Of My Enemy Is Still…..A Jew

Saud Al Shureem anti-semitic Tweet

Saud al-Shuraim’s anti-Semitic tweet about the Jewish-Iranian alliance

Over the past month, esca­lat­ing ten­sion in the Mid­dle East between Iran and the Arab Gulf States helped fuel a resur­gence of anti-Semitic state­ments and con­spir­acy the­o­ries about a sup­posed link between Israel and Jews to Iran.

Angered by Iran’s increas­ing influ­ence in the region, promi­nent Arab fig­ures includ­ing politi­cians, reli­gious lead­ers and jour­nal­ists have accused Jews and Israel of secretly sup­port­ing Iran and Shi’a Mus­lims in their war against the Sunni Mus­lim world.

Just last week, promi­nent Saudi scholar, Saud al-Shuraim, an Imam at the Grand Mosque in Mecca wrote the fol­low­ing state­ment on his Twit­ter account: “It is no won­der the Safavids [Ira­ni­ans] ally with Jews and Chris­tians against Mus­lims because his­tory tes­ti­fies that this is the case. What is strange are the minds which took too long to under­stand this fact.”

Some went as far as accus­ing “the Jews” of orches­trat­ing Iran’s war against the Sunni Mus­lim world. Jor­dan­ian online news agency Ammon News pub­lished an arti­cle on Jan­u­ary 19, titled “Iran started its holy war on the Sun­nis with the bless­ing of the Jews.”

The online pub­li­ca­tion, Al Khaleej Affairs, which spe­cial­izes in Arab Gulf States’ Affairs, inter­viewed Iraqi Sunni activist Falih Al Shi­bly on Jan­u­ary 21 to talk about the Iran­ian involve­ment in Iraq. In the inter­view Al Shi­bly claimed, “Unfor­tu­nately, there is igno­rance in the region about the Jew­ish sup­ported Per­sian plot.” He added that “This plot is against all Arab coun­tries from the Ara­bian West to the ‘Ara­bian’ Gulf.”

Other anti-Semitic accu­sa­tions included con­spir­acy the­o­ries that the Jew­ish lobby in the U.S. is respon­si­ble for dri­ving America’s pol­icy in Iran’s best inter­ests. Dubai Police Chief, Dahi Khal­fan, whose bizarre state­ments in the past included accus­ing the Jews of being linked to the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood, claimed on Jan­u­ary 18 that Pres­i­dent Obama is of Shi’a roots and “the sons of Zion” [the Jews] helped him  reach pres­i­dency to “bring Iran and Amer­ica closer.” Khalfan’s state­ments were widely cir­cu­lated in the Arab world.

Such a claim about Jew­ish sup­port for Iran was the sub­ject of sev­eral tweets by for­mer Man­ager of the Dubai Gov­ern­ment Media Office, Dherar Bel­houl Al Falasi, on Jan­u­ary 11. He claimed that Jews revere Iran because it is con­sid­ered a “holy” coun­try in Judaism. He wrote “Jews revere Iran more than ‘Palestine.’”

The ter­ror­ist orga­ni­za­tion ISIS is cap­i­tal­iz­ing on this anti-Semitic trend as well. The fea­tured arti­cle in their most recent English-language mag­a­zine Dabiq issue included a 14-page screed link­ing Jews and Shi’as. The back cover of the mag­a­zine also fea­tured a full page image of Jews pray­ing in a syn­a­gogue with a clear ref­er­ence to the Jews of Isfa­han in Iran.

This anti-Semitic rhetoric is more than just a delu­sional per­spec­tive. It is a tool that has been used time and again to gal­va­nize Arab pub­lic opinion.

These con­spir­acy the­o­ries also fail to rec­og­nize both the very real threat Iran rep­re­sents to the Jew­ish state and the cen­tral­ity of anti-Semitic pro­pa­ganda in the ide­ol­ogy embraced by Iran’s rul­ing regime. It is ironic that such accu­sa­tions emerge while Iran is orga­niz­ing  an inter­na­tional car­toon contest–on the Holocaust.

Ten­sion between Iran and the Arab world has a long his­tory, but it has esca­lated notably over the past few months as a result of the Iran nuclear agree­ment and grow­ing con­cern among Arab Gulf States about Iran’s expand­ing regional influ­ence and its involve­ment in Syria, Iraq and other parts of the Arab world. Both sides have used the media to prop­a­gate anti-Semitic accu­sa­tions against the other through the lens of their own agen­das. It seems that  Shi’as  and Sun­nis can agree on one thing: blam­ing the Jews for their problems.

In the past, ADL doc­u­mented a num­ber of sim­i­lar con­spir­acy the­o­ries in the Arab world includ­ing that ISIS has Jew­ish roots and that Israel and Jews are linked to the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

January 11, 2016 3

Five Things We Hope to Hear in the President’s State of the Union Speech

By Jonathan Green­blatt
CEO of the Anti-Defamation League

This arti­cle orig­i­nally appeared on The Huff­in­g­ton Post Blog

Pres­i­dent Obama has said that his final State of the Union address on Tues­day, Jan. 12 will be framed around “the big things” he sees as being pri­or­i­ties in the years to come, rather than tak­ing a policy-centric approach to the speech.  He has said that there is more work that needs to be done, and we agree.

In the run-up to the president’s address, we at the Anti-Defamation League asked mem­bers of our staff and some of our offices across the coun­try for some insights on which issues deserve pri­or­ity treat­ment dur­ing the president’s address. Our com­pleted list fol­lows.  ADL’s pri­or­i­ties for the pres­i­dent include: 1) Fight­ing prej­u­dice and dis­crim­i­na­tion 2) wel­com­ing asy­lum seek­ers and refugees while pro­tect­ing national secu­rity 3) safe­guard­ing reli­gious free­dom 4) Rein­forc­ing a com­mit­ment to Iran sanc­tions, and 5) Sup­port­ing a strength­ened Israel-U.S. relationship.

One caveat:  I should note that while we have num­bered these, they are each sep­a­rate and dis­tinct issues and not ordered by impor­tance. We believe each of these issues deserves pri­or­ity treat­ment by the admin­is­tra­tion at this unique time in Amer­i­can his­tory when we are faced with myr­iad chal­lenges and opportunities.

Let’s hope the pres­i­dent takes on some of these issues as he heads into his final year in office.

Fight­ing Prej­u­dice, Extrem­ism and Dis­crim­i­na­tion  

Last week’s reaf­fir­ma­tion of fed­eral edu­ca­tion anti-discrimination laws,   com­ing at a time of esca­lat­ing prej­u­dice and vio­lence against spe­cific pop­u­la­tions–  refugees, immi­grants, and the Mus­lim com­mu­nity –  was a needed, wel­come reminder for schools.  The Depart­ment of Jus­tice also has used its author­ity under the 2009 Matthew Shep­ard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crime Pre­ven­tion Act of 2009 very effec­tively, but much more train­ing and out­reach for local police is needed. A 21st cen­tury polic­ing model should include incen­tives for depart­ments   to ensure they are report­ing cred­i­ble hate crime data to the FBI.  Crim­i­nal jus­tice reform, includ­ing leg­is­la­tion now mov­ing through Con­gress, must pro­mote ini­tia­tives to inter­rupt the school to prison pipeline and efforts to build police-community rela­tions.  And the Pres­i­dent should use SOTU to fur­ther explain his new gun vio­lence pre­ven­tion ini­tia­tives, which were announced the same day ADL released a new report doc­u­ment­ing that 2015 was the dead­liest year for domes­tic extrem­ist vio­lence in the past 20 years, with firearms, over­whelm­ingly, the  extrem­ist weapon of choice in 2015 – as in vir­tu­ally every year.  Finally, we hope the Pres­i­dent will press for essen­tial leg­is­la­tion to restore cru­cial vot­ing rights pro­tec­tions elim­i­nated by the Supreme Court’s 2013 Shelby County v. Holder deci­sion.  If Con­gress fails to act, the Novem­ber elec­tions will be the first Pres­i­den­tial elec­tion in 50 years with­out the robust pro­tec­tions of the Vot­ing Rights Act.

Wel­com­ing Asylum-Seekers and Refugees AND Pro­tect­ing National Security

Some Mem­bers of Con­gress have recently called for block­ing Pres­i­dent Obama’s plan to reset­tle up to 10,000 Syr­ian refugees. This is unfor­tu­nate on so many lev­els and incon­sis­tent with our prin­ci­ples as a coun­try whose ori­gins and evo­lu­tion are so bound up with gen­er­a­tions of immi­grants and refugees. The SOTU is an oppor­tu­nity for the Pres­i­dent to urge Con­gress to oppose efforts to halt U.S. refugee reset­tle­ment or to restrict fund­ing for refugees, includ­ing Syr­ian refugees. We hope that the Pres­i­dent will reit­er­ate that Amer­ica can keep its bor­ders safe and, at the same time, wel­come refugees that are flee­ing the bru­tal­ity of ISIS. The Amer­i­can screen­ing process for refugees works – it is the sin­gle most dif­fi­cult way to enter the United States.  Amer­ica must not turn its back on its fun­da­men­tal com­mit­ment to refugee protections.

As thou­sands of men, woman, and chil­dren have fled hor­rific real­i­ties of bru­tal vio­lence and extreme poverty and hunger in El Sal­vador, Guatemala, Hon­duras, and Mex­ico, we also have seri­ous con­cerns about the Administration’s recent cam­paign of home raids to round up and deport these fam­i­lies and adult asylum-seekers. We hope to hear Pres­i­dent Obama speak out and direct the Depart­ment of Home­land Secu­rity to stop these raids and depor­ta­tions.  More­over, chil­dren and fam­i­lies flee­ing for their lives must be pro­tected and have access to legal coun­sel so that they can apply for asy­lum and pro­tec­tion in the United States.

 The Pres­i­dent should also use the SOTU to encour­age Con­gress to recom­mit to advanc­ing com­pre­hen­sive immi­gra­tion reform that pro­vides for a path­way to cit­i­zen­ship for immi­grants, sound bor­der secu­rity, safe­guards against bias and dis­crim­i­na­tion, and fam­ily reunification.

 Pro­tect­ing Reli­gious Free­dom, LGBT Equal­ity and Repro­duc­tive Rights 

The Pres­i­dent should com­mit to con­tin­u­ing his administration’s sup­port for vig­or­ous reli­gious free­dom advo­cacy on the fed­eral, state and local lev­els, includ­ing oppos­ing orga­nized prayer.  At the same time, the admin­is­tra­tion should con­tinue to demon­strate lead­er­ship on issues of impor­tance to the LGBT com­mu­nity – which have resulted in pos­i­tive, sys­temic changes in pro­tec­tions and equal rights for LGBT peo­ple – by mak­ing it clear that mea­sures couched as sup­port­ing reli­gious free­dom that per­mit busi­nesses to evade anti-discrimination laws and refuse ser­vice to peo­ple based on their sex­ual ori­en­ta­tion or gen­der iden­tity are not accept­able.  On the issue of repro­duc­tive rights, we under­stand that all eyes will be on the United States Supreme Court this year as it con­sid­ers restric­tions on Texas women’s clin­ics that we think are unnec­es­sary and uncon­sti­tu­tional, but we hope the Pres­i­dent will under­score his oppo­si­tion to the Texas leg­is­la­tion and other sim­i­lar initiatives.

 

Rein­forc­ing America’s Com­mit­ment to Enforce­ment of Iran Sanc­tions 

Iran con­tin­ues to take actions pro­mot­ing poli­cies and human right vio­la­tions that pro­foundly con­flict with core Amer­i­can val­ues.  As we move closer to “imple­men­ta­tion day,” when the IAEA would cer­tify that Iran has met the require­ments under the nuclear agree­ment to lift inter­na­tional sanc­tions, Iran’s ongo­ing human rights vio­la­tions and its exter­nal aggres­sions must be taken into account when con­sid­er­ing the prospect of nor­mal­ized rela­tions. The United States can­not look away from the insti­tu­tion­al­ized dis­crim­i­na­tion fac­ing eth­nic and reli­gious minori­ties in Iran, includ­ing Baha’is, Chris­tians, Jews, and Sunni Arabs. Their treat­ment ranges from quiet intim­i­da­tion to sys­tem­atic impris­on­ment. LGBT cit­i­zens fare far worse. The Iran­ian regime con­tin­ues its decades-long sup­port of ter­ror­ism against Israel and other coun­tries, and rou­tinely pro­motes fan­tas­ti­cal anti-Israel and anti-Semitic con­spir­acy the­o­ries, includ­ing mock­ing the Holo­caust and accus­ing Israel of cre­at­ing ISIS. It also has lent finan­cial and mil­i­tary sup­port to the mur­der­ous cam­paign of the Syr­ian government.

The U.S. should be vig­i­lant in using exist­ing sanc­tions tar­get­ing these prac­tices and explore new tools that might be needed to tar­get both human rights vio­la­tions and JCPOA violations.

We hope the Pres­i­dent will send a strong mes­sage Tues­day night to Tehran that there will be con­se­quences to test­ing both the bound­aries of the nuclear agree­ment and con­tin­u­ing its nefar­i­ous behav­ior in the region, and repres­sive poli­cies toward its own people.

 Sup­port­ing a Renewed U.S.-Israel Relationship

Con­gress and the Admin­is­tra­tion rec­og­nize the unique secu­rity threats and chal­lenges fac­ing Israel and the Pres­i­dent should reaf­firm the unshake­able U.S. com­mit­ment to Israel and its secu­rity in the SOTU. Nego­ti­a­tions between the U.S. and Israel are under­way for a new Mem­o­ran­dum of Under­stand­ing (MOU) to ensure Israel is able to main­tain its qual­i­ta­tive mil­i­tary edge over its adver­saries. The cur­rent MOU pro­vides $30 bil­lion in assis­tance to Israel over a 10-year period and is set to expire in 2017.

 As he enters his last full year in office, Pres­i­dent Obama clearly has a full plate.  He also has the oppor­tu­nity to work with Con­gress to insti­tu­tion­al­ize changes, alter­ing the land­scape – domes­ti­cally and inter­na­tion­ally – in ways that will endure well beyond his pres­i­dency.  We and the nation will be pay­ing close attention.

Fol­low us live @ADL_National dur­ing the State of the Union Tues­day night at 9 PM EST for our take on the speech.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , ,

December 28, 2015 1

Iran: While We Weren’t Looking

By Jonathan Green­blatt
CEO of the Anti-Defamation League

This blog orig­i­nally appeared on Medium

Khamenei - Social Media Image

It’s been nearly two months since the so-called “adop­tion day” when Iran offi­cially began the process of scal­ing back its cen­trifuges and retro­fitting some its nuclear infra­struc­ture as part of the agree­ment with the world pow­ers to restrict its nuclear weapons pro­gram. Some have touted the agree­ment as a sign of Iran seek­ing to soften its poli­cies and join the world community.

Yet, for all of the fan­fare over the sum­mer about the con­se­quences of the Iran deal, it seems like lit­tle atten­tion has been paid to other Iran­ian poli­cies. Alas, with the world’s focus on the imme­di­ate dan­ger of the rad­i­cal extrem­ism ema­nat­ing from the Islamic State, Iran­ian actions in recent months have affirmed the regime’s unchanged agenda — pro­mot­ing illib­eral poli­cies that pro­foundly con­flict with our core val­ues and those of nearly every other mem­ber of the fam­ily of nations.

In recent weeks, some actu­ally have sug­gested that Wash­ing­ton “sep­a­rate its Iran pol­icy from Israel.” This is lit­tle more than a smoke­screen to divert atten­tion. Despite the impas­sioned rhetoric of some regime sup­port­ers, it’s not about Israel. It’s about the Islamic Repub­lic of Iran, a regime that con­tin­ues its author­i­tar­ian rule at home and one that enforces poli­cies over­seas that chal­lenge the core prin­ci­ples that cen­ter our country:

Dou­bling Down on Human Rights Vio­la­tions: Two years into the term of “reformist” Pres­i­dent Has­san Rouhani, the Islamic Repub­lic remains one of the world’s lead­ing human rights vio­la­tors. If any­thing, Iran has stepped up its abuses in recent months.

Activists and watch­dog groups report a harsh crack­down since Sep­tem­ber, with the Iran­ian Rev­o­lu­tion­ary Guard arrest­ing dozens of activists, artists, car­toon­ists and jour­nal­ists. Notable among these are the deten­tion of 170 “man­agers of groups active in mobile social net­works” in Ghazvin, accord­ing to the Iran­ian Fars News Agency, and the arrest of admin­is­tra­tors of groups on a mes­sag­ing app for spread­ing “immoral content.”

Iran is one of the most dan­ger­ous coun­tries in the world if you are an LGBTQ per­son. In Octo­ber, Rev­o­lu­tion­ary Guards arrested 17 peo­ple at a birth­day party, say­ing they were “a net­work of homo­sex­u­als and Satanists.”

And, while crit­ics rightly have decried ISIS’ per­se­cu­tion of reli­gious minori­ties, there is wide­spread reli­gious dis­crim­i­na­tion in Iran — includ­ing ban­ning wor­ship and fre­quent arrests. In Novem­ber, accord­ing to reports, more than a dozen Chris­tians in Varamin were arrested for the “crime” of attend­ing church ser­vices on a Sunday.

The Baha’i World News Ser­vice reported 20 Baha’i Ira­ni­ans were arrested in three cities across Iran in recent weeks for no dis­cernible rea­son. The Shi­ite theoc­racy holds par­tic­u­lar con­tempt for Sunni Mus­lims. Many human rights observers are mon­i­tor­ing the high-profile case of Shahram Ahmadi, a Sunni pris­oner of con­science who cur­rently lan­guishes on death row in Iran sim­ply because of how he prays.

Beyond reli­gious per­se­cu­tion, a U.N. Gen­eral Assem­bly human rights com­mit­tee res­o­lu­tion passed in mid-November con­demned Iran for its “alarm­ing high fre­quency of, and increase in the carrying-out of the death penalty….”

While ISIS has been derided for their bru­tal hap­haz­ard exe­cu­tions, Iran has sys­tem­atized the use of cap­i­tal pun­ish­ment as a tool of the state against its per­ceived ene­mies, and has done so in com­plete dis­re­gard of inter­na­tion­ally rec­og­nized norms. This includes wide­spread exe­cu­tions “under­taken with­out noti­fi­ca­tion to the prisoner’s fam­ily mem­bers or legal coun­sel.” Accord­ing to Amnesty Inter­na­tional, Iran’s “stag­ger­ing exe­cu­tion spree” in 2015 could reach 1,000 exe­cu­tions by the end of the year.

Anti-Jewish and “Anti-Zionist” Pro­pa­ganda: Fan­tas­ti­cal anti-Israel and anti-Semitic con­spir­acy the­o­ries have been a main­stay in the state-run Iran­ian media since the Islamic Rev­o­lu­tion in 1979. Offi­cial sources reg­u­larly issue explicit and implicit threats against the Jew­ish State. Almost too fre­quent to men­tion, there are some notable new addi­tions to the canon of hatred:

Just days after the attacks in Paris, Iran’s Fars News Agency pub­lished a so-called report titled, “Paris Bomb­ings — Fin­ger­prints of the Zion­ists Are Found Again” that made a series of bizarre unsub­stan­ti­ated accu­sa­tions, includ­ing that “After the ter­ror­ist attacks in Paris, it was once again con­firmed that French Jews were informed that the tragedy would hap­pen. Just as it hap­pened in the Sep­tem­ber 11 attacks 14 years ago, when Jews work­ing in the Twin Tow­ers did not attend to work.” To add to this fic­tion, the account added that “Zion­ist offi­cials wanted to exploit [the attacks] to achieve their spe­cific goals,” albeit no fac­tual basis was pro­vided to explain this anti-Semitic con­spir­acy theory.

Iran con­sis­tently uses war-mongering rhetoric in its cam­paign against the Jew­ish state. Iran has accused Israel of cre­at­ing ISIS, despite the clear lunacy of such a sug­ges­tion. It is trou­bling to even repeat such a mon­strous fic­tion, but also seems ironic in light of the fact that arguably the Islamic Repub­lic of Iran has ben­e­fited more than any other gov­ern­ment in the world from the dis­tract­ing capa­bil­i­ties of ISIS. In this year’s annual com­mem­o­ra­tion of the anniver­sary of the seizure of the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, the Iran­ian gov­ern­ment launched a new pub­lic rela­tions cam­paign that declared: “Israel will be destroyed within 25 years.” This came on the heels of the Supreme Leader’s repeated use of social media to threaten Israel with destruc­tion, includ­ing his announce­ment in Novem­ber 2014 of a new “9-point plan to destroy Israel.”

In a recently released open “Let­ter to West­ern Youth,” Iran’s Supreme Leader, Aya­tol­lah Khamenei charged that Israel’s “ter­ror­ism” is worse than the attacks in Paris. He wrote of Israel, “In today’s world, do we know of any other vio­lence on this scale and scope and for such an extended period of time?” Alas, this was not writ­ten with any hint of irony.

Finally, whether we can credit the Supreme Leader or those around him, Iran recently revived one of for­mer Pres­i­dent Mah­moud Ahmadinejad’s favorites: the Holocaust-themed car­toon con­test. The 11th ver­sion of the “event” which has attracted extrem­ists and pro­pa­gan­dists from around the world promises to fea­ture much of the same. Best of all, orga­nizer Masud Shojai-Tabatabai told an Iran­ian news ser­vice, “[This year] we are also wor­ried about the con­tem­po­rary holo­causts in which a great num­ber of women and chil­dren are being killed in Iraq, Yemen, and Syria.” It is unclear whether this was intended to be ironic since he failed to point out that Iran is at the root of these con­flicts, sow­ing unrest in Yemen and per­haps more involved than any other state actor in sus­tain­ing the bru­tal­ity and loss of life in Syria.

Ter­ror­ism: Iran’s state spon­sor­ship of ter­ror­ism is well doc­u­mented. While the world focuses on responses to ISIS and other rad­i­cal Sunni groups includ­ing Al-Qaeda and Boko Haram, Iran main­tains its finan­cial and oper­a­tional sup­port for equally vio­lent ter­ror­ist orga­ni­za­tions such as Hezbol­lah, Hamas and the Houthis in Yemen. And, although ISIS just recently has shifted its focus out­side its local the­ater of oper­a­tions, Iran long has exported ter­ror beyond its bor­ders. Its litany of crimes spans con­ti­nents from Latin Amer­ica to Europe and includes an attempted assas­si­na­tion in Wash­ing­ton, D.C. Iran has also expanded to Africa: just a few weeks ago, Kenyan author­i­ties announced the arrest of two local men who were described as hav­ing “links to Iran” for plot­ting attacks against West­ern tar­gets in the country.

Anti-Americanism: Dur­ing the sum­mer, many observers mar­veled at the fact that Amer­ica and Iran seem­ingly over­came decades of dis­trust to forge a diplo­matic agree­ment. Yet, despite the accord, Iran­ian lead­er­ship con­tin­ues to rail against the “Big Satan” with­out penalty or even oppro­brium. In a recent tele­vised address, Aya­tol­lah Ali Khamenei inex­plic­a­bly alleged that the U.S. is try­ing to “infil­trate Iran” using sex and money.

Iran con­tin­ues to imprison Amer­i­cans with­out any legal basis for doing so. The list of cap­tives includes Wash­ing­ton Post cor­re­spon­dent Jason Reza­ian, who, accord­ing to reports in the Iran­ian media, recently was sen­tenced to a prison term of inde­ter­mi­nate length. But Reza­ian is not alone. There are five oth­er­im­pris­oned Amer­i­can cit­i­zens, includ­ing Sia­mak Namazi, a Dubai-based busi­ness­man with dual U.S. and Iran­ian cit­i­zen­ship who was detained by the author­i­ties just last month for unsub­stan­ti­ated crimes.

Beyond unpro­voked arrests and pub­lic threats, the Islamic Repub­lic employs increas­ingly sophis­ti­cated tools in its efforts to tar­get Amer­ica. U.S. offi­cials have reported a “surge” in cyber-attacks ema­nat­ing from Iran, includ­ing a series of attempted hack­ing attacks that tar­geted State Depart­ment offi­cials, the very same indi­vid­u­als with whom the Islamic Repub­lic allegedly was nego­ti­at­ing in good faith on the nuclear deal. Admit­tedly, the reported hack­ing attack of Bow­man Avenue Dam near Rye Brook, NY took place two years ago before “good faith” was the norm. But it seems an indi­ca­tor of what we can expect in the future.

We still are months away from “imple­men­ta­tion day” — the date when the IAEA must cer­tify that Iran has met the require­ments spelled out in the nuclear agree­ment before inter­na­tional sanc­tions are lifted, and world atten­tion might shift back to Iran and its behav­iors. Mean­while, com­mer­cial del­e­ga­tions blaze a trail to Tehran and ana­lysts con­tem­plate a new era for Iran and the West.

But just as the inter­na­tional com­mu­nity is com­mit­ted to mon­i­tor­ing for poten­tial vio­la­tions in the nuclear realm, the Islamic Repub­lic ongo­ing human rights vio­la­tions and its exter­nal aggres­sions must be taken into account when con­sid­er­ing the prospect of nor­mal­ized relations.

Tags: , , , , , , ,