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March 31, 2015 1

Rival Hackers Overcome Differences For Anti-Israel Cyber Campaign

Update — 4/2/15: For more infor­ma­tion on OpIs­rael, please see Hack­ers Directly Threaten Indi­vid­ual Israeli Cit­i­zens.

What has become an annual cyber cam­paign against Israel, “OpIs­rael” – which coin­cided with Holo­caust Remem­brance Day in pre­vi­ous years – is once again tak­ing place this year; this time, by a broader coali­tion of hack­ers than ever before.AnonGhost OpIsrael 2015

In light of the uptick in attacks against Jew­ish insti­tu­tional web­sites in the U.S. by inter­na­tional hack­ing groups over the past few years, both Israeli and Jew­ish web­sites world­wide are expected to be tar­gets of the cyber campaign.

In 2014, “OpIs­rael” was pri­mar­ily led by an Arab sub-division of Anony­mous, which called for a cyber-attack against Israel on Holo­caust Remem­brance Day, threat­ening to launch “elec­tronic attacks against as many Israeli web­sites as pos­si­ble.” The group also threat­ened Israeli cit­i­zens: “Your credit cards, your bank accounts, your servers … are ALL in a dan­ger!” In 2013, the group called for a sim­i­lar cam­paign timed with Holo­caust Remem­brance Day to “wipe Israel off the Inter­net.”

This year, the Arab sub-division of Anony­mous, in one of the videos it posted on YouTube, described “OpIs­rael,” as an “Elec­tronic Holocaust.”

There are strong indi­ca­tions, how­ever, that AnonG­host, a promi­nent hacker group known for tar­get­ing Jew­ish and Amer­i­can web­sites, is seek­ing to replace Anony­mous in spear­head­ing “OpIsrael.”

For exam­ple, ear­lier this month, AnonG­host launched and pro­moted soft­ware enabling users to con­duct cyber-attacks against Israeli (and other) tar­gets. The soft­ware appears to enable users to ini­ti­ate denial of ser­vice (DOS) attacks. AnonG­host has already claimed respon­si­bil­ity for the hack­ing of sev­eral Israeli web­sites in the past week in the lead up to “OpIsrael.”

On March 31, AnonG­host mem­bers claimed that they started mes­sag­ing Israeli cit­i­zens with warn­ings about OpIs­rael. The threat­en­ing mes­sages included an image of an ISIS fighter with the cap­tion, “We are com­ing O Jews to kill you.” Under the image, AnonG­host mem­bers intro­duce them­selves and ask the recip­i­ents to deliver the warn­ing to the Israeli government.

An image of the threatening message sent to Israeli citizens featuring an ISIS fighter

An image of the threat­en­ing mes­sage sent to Israeli cit­i­zens fea­tur­ing an ISIS fighter

By inject­ing itself into “OpIs­rael,” AnonG­host may take the cam­paign into a more extreme direc­tion. For exam­ple, AnonG­host has been unam­bigu­ous about sup­port­ing ISIS and has car­ried out hacks on its behalf. This activ­ity dif­fers from the Anony­mous col­lec­tive, which has launched cyber-campaigns to counter ISIS’ online pres­ence. In Jan­u­ary 2015, for exam­ple, they­launched a cam­paign against Jihadist web­sites titled OpChar­lieHebdo in response to ter­ror­ist attacks in France.

There are indi­ca­tions that AnonG­host and the broader Anony­mous col­lec­tive have even engaged in a cyber-conflict against each other; Mau­ri­ta­nia Attacker, the osten­si­ble leader of AnonG­host, claims to have hacked a group of Anony­mous mem­bers known as “Anony­mous Squad No.035,” the Ser­bian sub-division of Anonymous.Anonymous OpIsrael 2015

The appar­ent con­flict between AnonG­host and the Anony­mous col­lec­tive, how­ever, does not seem to have pre­vented them both from par­tic­i­pat­ing in this year’s “OpIs­rael.” Oppo­si­tion to Israel seems to be a com­mon cause.

It is impor­tant to note that ADL is cur­rently unaware of any spe­cific cyber threat to the Amer­i­can Jew­ish com­mu­nity. Nev­er­the­less, we are urg­ing Jew­ish com­mu­ni­ties to revisit and reassess their cyber-security plans, mea­sures, and procedures.

Related Infor­ma­tion:

ADL Alerts U.S. Syn­a­gogues to Pro­tect Against Online Hackers

ISIS Estab­lishes A Cyber-Alliance With Anti-Israel Hackers

Hack­ers Post Anti-Semitism On U.S. Uni­ver­si­ties’ Websites

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March 27, 2015 1

Arab Media Cartoons Relating to the Israeli Elections and Tensions with the US

Fol­low­ing Israeli Prime Min­is­ter Netanyahu’s elec­tion vic­tory ear­lier this month, and the increas­ing ten­sions in the rela­tion­ship between PM Netanyahu and Pres­i­dent Obama, news­pa­pers across the Arab world pub­lished a num­ber of related anti-Israel and anti-Semitic car­toons. Some rep­re­sent unhap­pi­ness within the Arab world over PM Netanyahu’s vic­tory, por­tray­ing him and the Israeli vot­ers as inher­ently vio­lent and racist, while oth­ers resort to the anti-Semitic stereo­type of Jews and Israel con­trol­ling Pres­i­dent Obama and the US government.

The car­toons reflect a wide­spread view within the Arab world that Israeli elec­tion results rep­re­sent a shift towards a more extreme right-wing stance on the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, which will ulti­mately result in dam­age to the Pales­tin­ian cause. They also high­light a belief that the rift in US-Israel rela­tions will ulti­mately fail to alter over­all US sup­port of and per­ceived bias towards Israel and its policies.

The fol­low­ing are some exam­ples of the car­toons published:

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March 13, 2015 1

Under Attack, ISIS Threatens Jews and Israel

Screenshot from the ISIS video

Screen­shot from the ISIS video

As the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) increas­ingly finds itself under attack in Iraq and Syria, it has used the mur­der of an indi­vid­ual it alleges was a Mossad spy to threaten Jews and Israel and thereby attempt to rally its supporters.

Anti-Semitism and anti-Israel sen­ti­ments are reg­u­larly uti­lized as tools by ter­ror­ist groups includ­ing ISIS to build sup­port and mobi­lize followers.

The mur­der is depicted in a video with nar­ra­tion promis­ing to con­quer Jerusalem, prais­ing the killing of Jews, and refer­ring to anti-Semitic vio­lence in France. Like the threats ISIS issued against Israel this sum­mer, it main­tains that the group is cur­rently occu­pied in Syria and Iraq but aspires to attack Israel in the future.

Some quotes from the video include:

  • “O Jews, Allah has gifted us with killing your fol­low­ers in your own strong­hold in France”
  • “As for the near-term, you will wit­ness the legions of the Khi­lafa pound­ing your lands and your fortresses. They will lib­er­ate Jerusalem from your filth, by Allah’s permission”
  • “Today we say to you, the Islamic con­quests have begun, and the Jews have become fright­ened because the promise is near.”
  • “So we fight in Iraq and our eyes are on Jerusalem”

The video’s vic­tim, an Arab-Israeli named Mohamed Musal­lam, is shot on cam­era by a boy who appears to be between 10 and 12 years old. Both the boy and the man super­vis­ing him are appar­ently French cit­i­zens, accord­ing to offi­cials and news reports. Some experts believe that the man is Sabri Essid, report­edly the half-brother of Mohammed Merah. Merah is respon­si­ble for a 2011 shoot­ing in a Jew­ish school in Toulouse, France, that left four dead, includ­ing three children.

At its con­clu­sion, the video also names 13 other indi­vid­u­als, all of whom have Arab names, who it claims are spies for Israel. Sev­eral appear to be Musallam’s fam­ily mem­bers, includ­ing his father and brother. The video pro­vides their names and maps their addresses. It also pro­vides sev­eral pic­tures for most of the indi­vid­u­als it named. This infor­ma­tion was reposted in a JustPaste.it doc­u­ment that was also shared on Twitter.

Accord­ing to his fam­ily, Musal­lam had trav­eled to Syria to join ISIS but later changed his mind and wanted to leave the group.

An ISIS supporter on Twitter wrote "Here is teh good news, today we kill the agents of Jews and tomorrow-God's willing - those cubs will kill the Jews."

An ISIS sup­porter on Twit­ter wrote “Here is the good news, today we kill the agents of Jews and tomor­row — God will­ing — those cubs will kill the Jews.”

Some ISIS sup­port­ers attempted to ensure the video was seen by Israelis by pro­mot­ing the link with a trend­ing Hebrew-language hash­tag that trans­lates to “the end that they don’t tell you.”

ISIS sup­port­ers online also responded to the video with addi­tional anti-Semitic sen­ti­ments. One sup­porter, for exam­ple, tweeted, “For those who said why don’t you fight Israel. Here is the good news, today we kill the agents of Jews and tomor­row — God will­ing — those cubs will kill the Jews.” The term cubs is a ref­er­ence to youth being indoc­tri­nated to sup­port ISIS, such as the boy in the video. ISIS mil­i­tants are some­times referred to as lions.

ISIS and its sup­port­ers have used anti-Semitism and threats against Israel to appeal to fol­low­ers on mul­ti­ple occa­sions, includ­ing through  threats against Israel this sum­mer, a video issued in June 2014 that threat­ened Jews, and in a promi­nent speech by ISIS spokesman Mohammed al-Adnani that alleged Jews con­trol U.S. for­eign pol­icy and are respon­si­ble for Amer­i­can inter­ven­tion in Iraq and Syria.

ISIS sup­port­ers have also recently estab­lished a cyber-alliance with anti-Israel hack­ers in an attempt to increase cyber-attacks on behalf of ISIS.

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