Israel » ADL Blogs
Posts Tagged ‘Israel’
October 9, 2015 5

Terror in Israel, A Reality We Know Too Well

By: Car­ole Nuriel, ADL’s Jerusalem Office

Over the past two weeks, a wave of ter­ror has once again hit Israel. For those of us who grew up in Israel dur­ing the 1980s, this is an unfor­tu­nate real­ity we know all too well. Israelis suf­fered through two intifadas, waves of ter­ror attacks includ­ing sui­cide bombs, shoot­ings, run-over attacks, stone throw­ing and Molo­tov cock­tails. Yet there is a feel­ing now that this par­tic­u­lar wave of ter­ror is dif­fer­ent. There are a few rea­sons for this:

•       The ter­ror­ists’ pro­file: They come both from Pales­tin­ian areas in the West Bank and from Israeli Arab communities

•       Most of them are rel­a­tively young, some even teenagers

Obvi­ously, another change is the use of social media:  some of the ter­ror­ists have declared their inten­tion to carry out attacks on social media. This tool, which has become the new “city square”, pro­vides a plat­form for recruit­ment, incite­ment, how-tos, as well as for orga­niz­ing crowds to demon­strate and riot against Israeli secu­rity forces.

Israel violence

In many ways, this wave of vio­lence rep­re­sents an on-the-ground ver­sion of the recent Hamas rocket attacks from Gaza, which indis­crim­i­nately tar­geted Israeli civil­ians through­out the coun­try. This wave may have started in East Jerusalem and the West Bank, but quickly caught fire to the rest of the coun­try, and is now tar­get­ing cities like Kiryat Gat, Petach Tikva, Tel Aviv and Afula. Much like Hamas’ rock­ets, much of the fear Israelis are now feel­ing is because of the sense that no place in the coun­try is immune from ter­ror attacks.

Anx­i­ety is felt every­where, as is the nature of ter­ror­ism. I live in Modi’in and have taken Road 443 to Jerusalem daily for the past eight years. How­ever, dur­ing the last few months I haven’t felt safe dri­ving on 443, espe­cially with my kids, as there have been numer­ous stone and Molo­tov cock­tail throw­ing inci­dents on this road. I now feel safer tak­ing High­way 1, even though it means a longer drive to Jerusalem. Indeed, many Modi’in res­i­dents don’t drive on 443 any­more. Some­thing has def­i­nitely changed. Just today, I received a notice that secu­rity check­points will be erected at all entrances to the city, and secu­rity in all edu­ca­tional insti­tu­tions will be increased.

Polls have shown that there is a gen­eral pub­lic con­sen­sus among Pales­tini­ans against ter­ror­ism. But last week we wit­nessed another kind of evil, one which greatly wor­ries me. Dur­ing Sat­ur­day night’s ter­ri­ble stab­bing in the Old City of Jerusalem, Adele Ben­nett, whose hus­band was killed and she her­self stabbed, was report­edly spat on and laughed at by Arab bystanders as she ran to get help with a knife still in her back. What can be more insult­ing, upset­ting and inhu­mane than this inde­cent act?

But this is not only about ter­ror, it’s also about incite­ment to vio­lence. Many of those riot­ing claim Israel is attempt­ing to change the sta­tus quo on Tem­ple Mount. This holy place to both Judaism and Islam has been the focus of clashes and provo­ca­tions for years. It is hard to ignore the dan­ger­ous actions and dis­course of the Islamic Move­ment in Israel, who have sup­ported the Murabitun/Murabitat group, whose sole pur­pose is to pro­voke and insult Jews vis­it­ing the Tem­ple Mount. Incite­ment has also come from senior Pales­tin­ian Author­ity offi­cials, includ­ing Pres­i­dent Mah­moud Abbas who infa­mously declared in a tele­vi­sion inter­view a few weeks ago that Jews are defil­ing the Tem­ple Mount with their feet.

Today more than ever, reli­gious and polit­i­cal lead­ers must under­stand how eas­ily their incit­ing words can lead to vio­lence and terrorism.

There are ongo­ing efforts among Israeli and Pales­tin­ian lead­ers to deesca­late ten­sions. Israelis hope and pray that this will be suc­cess­ful, and that the per­sonal secu­rity will be restored.

Tags: , , , , , , ,

October 9, 2015 1

Incitement To Violence Against Jews Spreads Online

An image posted on Twitter with the Arabic hashtag #TheKnivesIntifada

An image posted on Twitter

As vio­lence con­tin­ues in Israel, with a deadly shoot­ing and mul­ti­ple stab­bing and other attacks against Israelis this past week, indi­vid­u­als cel­e­brat­ing and pro­mot­ing ter­ror­ism have taken to social media to encour­age vio­lence against Jews and Israelis.

Vio­lent hash­tags includ­ing #staba­jew and the Arabic-language hash­tag #theknivesin­tifada are being used by a wide spec­trum of indi­vid­u­als who appear to sup­port the mur­ders of Israelis. The hash­tag #alqud­sun­der­at­tack is also being used in con­junc­tion with the vio­lence, par­tic­u­larly by Pales­tin­ian orga­ni­za­tions and their sup­port­ers seek­ing reli­gious jus­ti­fi­ca­tions for ter­ror­ist incitement.

Online videos pro­mot­ing the vio­lence have included a car­toon re-enactment of the killing of Eitam and Naama Henkin, a young cou­ple killed by Pales­tin­ian ter­ror­ists last Thurs­day in front of their chil­dren while dri­ving in the West Bank. The video par­al­lels car­toon videos that grew pop­u­lar dur­ing car attacks against Israelis last fall.

A tweet by Hamas states, "We congratulate and support all forms of resistance using our people as a weapon under the complexities of the security situation.”

A tweet on the Hamas Twit­ter account reads, “We bless and sup­port all forms of resis­tance in which our peo­ple use what­ever weapons are avail­able under the com­pli­cated secu­rity situation.”

Pales­tin­ian groups includ­ing Hamas and Fatah have added to the cli­mate of online hate. Hamas’s social media pages and web­site have applauded the vio­lence; one Tweet from an offi­cial Hamas plat­form read, “We bless and sup­port all forms of resis­tance in which our peo­ple use what­ever weapons are avail­able under the com­pli­cated secu­rity sit­u­a­tion.” Another Hamas tweet said Israel had brought “lone wolf” attacks upon itself, bor­row­ing the phrase from ISIS and Al Qaeda, which have encour­aged inde­pen­dent, ‘lone wolf’ action in their pro­pa­ganda mate­ri­als. Other Hamas posts glo­ri­fied indi­vid­u­als asso­ci­ated with the mur­ders of Israelis.

Social media posts affil­i­ated with the Pales­tin­ian Fatah party have included images of iden­ti­fi­able Jew­ish car­i­ca­tures being stabbed with knives.

ISIS sup­port­ers online, known for their adept manip­u­la­tion of social media, are vocal on the issue as well. Mul­ti­ple ISIS sup­port­ers have posted online threats against Jews. One indi­vid­ual who is a promi­nent ISIS sup­porter on Twit­ter based on his per­sis­tent online pres­ence, strong fol­low­ing among other ISIS sup­port­ers, and reg­u­lar post­ing of pro-ISIS news and pro­pa­ganda posted a series of Tweets encour­ag­ing stab­bings of Jews, includ­ing, “Kill jews. Kill all of them,” “Stab a Jew

A prominent ISIS supporter on Twitter posted about killing Jews

An ISIS sup­porter on Twit­ter posted about killing Jews

today. Tomor­row. Every­day,” “Happy inter­na­tional stab a Jew day guys,” and “Stab jews and have a juice.” Another equally promi­nent indi­vid­ual posted a sim­i­lar series of Tweets that included, “Don (sic) stop oh mus­lims ‚They (sic) are the worst 123456789…… #STABa­jew,” and “One of the worst cre­ation, 123456789…… #STABaJEW.”

Other ISIS sup­port­ers have posted state­ments claim­ing that ISIS will soon con­quer Israel. Another promi­nent ISIS sup­porter on Twit­ter re-tweeted a news­pa­per head­line, “The Islamist extrem­ism plagu­ing the Mid­dle East has arrived” with the cap­tion, “We told you we were com­ing.” Another ISIS sup­porter posted a graphic depict­ing ISIS fight­ers in front of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem with the hash­tag #Qarib­an­qariba, which is asso­ci­ated with ISIS attacks. Posts threat­en­ing ISIS attacks against

A tweet by an ISIS supporter suggesting that the terror group will conquer Jerusalem

A tweet by an ISIS sup­porter threat­en­ing that the ter­ror group will con­quer Jerusalem

Israel were also com­mon dur­ing the vio­lence in Israel last fall, when they were dis­trib­uted by ISIS sup­port­ers as well as by offi­cial ISIS pro­pa­ganda outlets.

A third genre of posts by ISIS sup­port­ers attempts to widen the con­flict, mak­ing it clear that they believe it is not a local­ized issue but rather a global bat­tle between Mus­lims and Jews. This type of sen­ti­ment is com­mon in Islamic extrem­ist ide­ol­ogy, which often attempts to por­tray local issues as part of a larger con­flict between Islam and the West. One user, for exam­ple, wrote, “Do you want to lib­er­ate Qudus (Jerusalem)? You have to kill All Jews in the World.” Another wrote, “#Jews who kill #Mus­lim­s­They amuse them­selvesBy con­tin­u­ing to abuse­And accuse of killingAnd refuse to stop this#ISIS #Israel #poem,” and, most bla­tantly, yet another wrote, “So see it’s not Israeli on Pales­tin­ian thing. This is a yahoodi (Jew­ish) verses (sic) Mus­lim thing. Islam vs. Judaism.”

ISIS actively pro­moted the above sen­ti­ments as recently as last month, when ISIS pro­pa­ganda mag­a­zines in French and Eng­lish both fea­tured cover sto­ries about Jews. ISIS has pre­vi­ously released videos threat­en­ing to con­quer Israel as well as other pro­pa­ganda state­ments that threat­ened both Israel and Jews. Addi­tional exam­ples may be found in the ADL’s recent report, Anti-Semitism: A Pil­lar of Islamic Extrem­ist Ide­ol­ogy.

The online activ­ity is broadly rem­i­nis­cent of social media posts last Novem­ber, when calls for and glo­ri­fi­ca­tion of stab­bing attacks against Israelis pro­lif­er­ated on Face­book, Twit­ter and other sites after a ter­ror­ist stabbed wor­shipers in a Jerusalem synagogue.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

September 18, 2015 0

Violence on the Temple Mount in the Arab Media

For the past cou­ple of months, the Tem­ple Mount has been the focus of con­fronta­tions between Mus­lim wor­shipers and Jew­ish vis­i­tors. Encour­aged by anti-Semitic invec­tive in pub­lic state­ments by Pales­tin­ian Pres­i­dent Mah­moud Abbas, in recent days this has esca­lated to vio­lence by Mus­lim wor­shipers who have hurled stones, fire­works and metal bars at Israeli secu­rity forces. The Mount is the holi­est site for Jews, and the third holi­est Mus­lim site (after Mecca and Med­ina) known as Al-Haram Ash-Sharif. The respon­si­bil­ity for the Tem­ple Mount is shared by Israel, which has sov­er­eignty over the site, and Jor­dan, whose Cus­to­dian Min­istry has man­aged the site since the 1994 peace treaty between Jor­dan and Israel.

The ongo­ing tur­moil on the Tem­ple Mount has esca­lated partly in reac­tion to an increase in Jew­ish vis­i­ta­tion to the site and to highly politi­cized efforts by some Israeli politi­cians agi­tat­ing to change the sta­tus quo and allow Jews to pray on the Mount (which is for­bid­den by the agree­ment with Jor­dan). In spite of these devel­op­ments, noth­ing jus­ti­fies the extreme reac­tion and vio­lence on the part of the Palestinians.

In recent years, events on the Tem­ple Mount have caused ten­sions between Jerusalem and Amman, which resulted in the recall­ing of the Jor­dan­ian ambas­sador to Israel and  pop­ulist calls within Jor­dan to expel the Israeli ambas­sador to Amman. The Jor­da­ni­ans claim Israel is attempt­ing to change the status-quo on the Tem­ple Mount by “Judaiz­ing” the site. In response, an ini­tia­tive was launched by the North­ern Branch of the Islamic Move­ment (Israel) called the Murabitat/Murabitun — a civil protest group whose goal is to pro­voke Jew­ish vis­i­tors to the Tem­ple Mount. Their sig­nif­i­cance is mainly sym­bolic in that they peace­fully demon­strate Mus­lim pres­ence on the Tem­ple Mount. Their name, derived from the Ara­bic root Rabata mean­ing “to sta­tion and stay in place”, tes­ti­fies to their defi­ance against the Israeli sovereignty.

The charge that Israel is con­spir­ing to take over the site has been a con­stant in Arab media for years, par­tic­u­larly in car­toons pub­lished in Arab news­pa­pers and web­site.   Pales­tin­ian Author­ity lead­ers often issue incen­di­ary state­ments alleg­ing nefar­i­ous Israeli action, while also dimin­ish­ing or even refut­ing the Jew­ish con­nec­tion to Jerusalem. Yet the imagery and lan­guage used in recent weeks rep­re­sents an esca­la­tion of ten­sions over the Tem­ple Mount. In an inter­view ear­lier this week with Pales­tin­ian TV and Sky News in Ara­bic, Pales­tin­ian Pres­i­dent Mah­moud Abbas accused Jews of defil­ing the Tem­ple Mount: “Al-Aqsa is ours, the Church of the Holy Sep­ul­cher is ours, it is all ours. They have no right to defile them with their filthy feet, and we will not allow them,” he said.

There have also been a num­ber of anti-Semitic and anti-Israel car­toons pub­lished which depict Israel as ani­mals attempt­ing to devour Al-Aqsa Mosque, and the invo­ca­tion of clas­sic anti-Semitic stereo­types of Jews as thieves and using money to Judaize Jerusalem.

Here are some examples:

A car­toon pub­lished on Sep­tem­ber 14th in the Pales­tin­ian Authority’s Al-Quds news­pa­per depicts Israel as an alli­ga­tor attempt­ing to devour Jerusalem, rep­re­sented by a woman, while a fig­ure rep­re­sent­ing the Arab World says “We express our concern”.

alligatorAnother pub­lished on Sep­tem­ber 14th in Jordan’s Al-Ghad, shows Jerusalem being devoured by a giant bird rep­re­sent­ing Israel.

birdA car­toon pub­lished on Sep­tem­ber 12th in Qatar’s Ar-Raya news­pa­per, implies that Jews use money to Judaize Jerusalem.

Writ­ten on the right: “Rich Zion­ists’ expen­di­tures.” Writ­ten on the left: “Rich Mus­lims’ expenditures.”

money in hatOn Twit­ter, under the hash­tag of #al-aqsaisindanger, a car­toon was pub­lished on Sep­tem­ber 15th depict­ing a Jew steal­ing the Mosque behind the back of the Arab World. The cartoon’s head­line: “The Israeli Mil­i­tary Rab­binate Pub­lished Pic­tures of Al-Aqsa Mosque with­out the Dome of the Rock”. And as the Jew is steal­ing the Mosque, the Arab fig­ure is say­ing: “Don’t be afraid, we have the orig­i­nal picture!”

stealing temple mountUnder the same hash­tag, another car­toon was pub­lished show­ing Israel steal­ing Al-Aqsa Mosque under a US umbrella.

stealing temple mount2Other hash­tags include #alaq­sais­burn­ing and #shall­notbe­di­vided (refer­ring to an ini­tia­tive to divide the time and place of the Tem­ple Mount between Jew­ish and Mus­lim worshipers).

Some car­toons described ways in which Al-Aqsa is vic­tim­ized by Israel, includ­ing one car­toon pub­lished (Sep. 16) in Jordan’s Ammon news site, which shows the bleed­ing Mosque sawed in two by Israeli sol­diers, under the title “Storm­ing the Tem­ple Mount.”

cutting up JM

Tags: , , , , , , ,