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November 19, 2013 0

ADL’s Terrorism Update Focuses On How FTOs Attract American Recruits

The Novem­ber edi­tion of Ter­ror­ism UpdateADL’s newslet­ter pro­vid­ing news and analy­sis on inter­na­tional ter­ror­ist orga­ni­za­tions and their fol­low­ers in the U.S., is now avail­able to our subscribers.

The fea­ture arti­cle focuses on Al Shabaab, the Al Qaeda affil­i­ate orga­ni­za­tion in Soma­lia, and its capac­ity to attract Amer­i­can recruits to its cause. Al Shabaab claimed that three Amer­i­cans par­tic­i­pated in the group’s deadly attack this Sep­tem­ber on the West­gate Mall in Nterrorism-update-subscribe-adlairobi, Kenya, and nearly 50 other Amer­i­can cit­i­zens and per­ma­nent res­i­dents have either trav­elled to Soma­lia or have oth­er­wise aided the ter­ror­ist orga­ni­za­tion since 2007.

The Pro­file in Ter­ror fea­tures Omar Ham­mami, an Amer­i­can cit­i­zen from Alabama who once served as a pri­mary English-language recruiter for Al Shabaab before he was appar­ently killed by other Al Shabaab mem­bers on Sep­tem­ber 13, 2013.

This edi­tion of Ter­ror­ism Update also includes infor­ma­tion on a recent terror-related arrest in North Car­olina, which under­scores a con­tin­ued trend of Amer­i­cans attempt­ing to join ter­ror­ist groups in the Syr­ian con­flict, as well as arrests in New York and Cal­i­for­nia.

An update on one of the lead­ers of Rev­o­lu­tion Mus­lim, the fringe anti-Semitic Mus­lim orga­ni­za­tion based in New York that jus­ti­fied ter­ror­ist attacks and other forms of vio­lence against non-Muslims, is also high­lighted in this edi­tion, as is ADL’s col­lec­tion of resources on Inspire Mag­a­zine, the English-language pro­pa­ganda mag­a­zine pro­duced by Al Qaeda in the Ara­bian Peninsula.

Read­ers can sub­scribe to the ADL Ter­ror­ism Update to auto­mat­i­cally receive the bi-monthly newsletter.

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September 25, 2013 0

Westgate Attack Underscores Al Shabaab’s Battle With Jews And Israel

In an inter­view with Al Jazeera on Mon­day, Al Shabaab spokesman Sheikh Abu­laziz Abu Mus­cab, said that in addi­tion to Kenya’s mil­i­tary involve­ment in Soma­lia, the ter­ror­ist group attacked the West­gate Mall in Nairobi because it is a place “where there are Jew­ish and Amer­i­can shops. So we have to attack them.”al-shabaab-symbol-al-qaeda

Al Shabaab, the Al Qaeda-linked ter­ror­ist group that claimed respon­si­bil­ity for attack­ing the West­gate mall on Sat­ur­day, has pre­vi­ously declared an “open bat­tle” against Israel, which it deems the “oppress­ing Zion­ist entity,” and Jew­ish inter­ests in Africa.

In 2012, Kenyan sup­port­ers of Al Shabaab pub­lished a pre­dom­i­nantly Swahili-language online ter­ror­ist mag­a­zine fea­turing English-language arti­cles that describe Jews as “the worst enemy of Islam.” The mag­a­zine, titled Gaidi Mtaani, roughly trans­lated as “Ter­ror­ism Street,” cast “the Zion­ist with their Amer­i­can part­ners” as the ben­e­fi­cia­ries of the “cru­sade” in Soma­lia and crit­i­cized the Kenyan pres­i­dent for trav­el­ing to Israel to secure Israeli coop­er­a­tion for coun­tert­er­ror­ism efforts. 

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Screen­shot from Gaidi Mtaani

The authors warned that they will not “dif­fer­en­ti­ate between civil­ians and com­bat­ants” and called on Kenya’s cit­i­zens to “reflect on the mag­ni­tude of what is yet to come,” cit­ing the 1998 bomb­ing of the U.S. embassy in Kenya that killed over 200 people.

Israeli inter­ests had pre­vi­ously been tar­geted by Al Qaeda in Kenya, includ­ing an attempt to shoot down an Israeli air­liner and an attack on an Israeli-owned resort in 2002.

In Novem­ber 2009, Al Shabaab announced the estab­lish­ment of Al Quds Brigade, a mil­i­tary unit specif­i­cally tasked with attack­ing Israel and free­ing “Islamic holy places” from the Israelis.

See ADL’s Report: Al Shabaab’s Amer­i­can Recruits

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September 23, 2013 0

Al Shabaab Claims Americans Took Part In Mall Attack In Kenya

Al Shabaab, the Al Qaeda-linked ter­ror­ist group that has claimed respon­si­bil­ity for attack­ing Nairobi’s West­gate mall on Sat­ur­day, has indi­cated via its Twit­ter account that three Amer­i­cans took part in the assault that has killed over 60 peo­ple and injured over 150 oth­ers thus far.al-shabaab-recruits

Al Shabaab pro­vided the names of the Amer­i­cans on its Twit­ter account; Ahmed Mohamed Isse of St. Paul, Min­nesota, Abd­i­fa­tah Osman Keenadiid of Min­neapo­lis, and Gen Mustafe Noorudiin of Kansas City, Missouri.

Since 2007, dozens of Amer­i­cans have trav­elled to Soma­lia to fight with Al Shabaab. Many of these Amer­i­cans have received weapons train­ing along­side recruits from other coun­tries, and have used the train­ing to fight against the Tran­si­tional Fed­eral Gov­ern­ment of Soma­lia and the inter­na­tional forces that have backed it. At least three of these Amer­i­can recruits have engaged in sui­cide bomb­ings in Somalia.

One such recruit from Min­neapo­lis, 22-year-old Abid­salan Hus­sein Ali, was one of two sui­cide bombers who attacked African Union troops in Octo­ber 2011. The first Amer­i­can Al Shabaab sui­cide bomber, Shirwa Ahmed, car­ried out a sui­cide bomb­ing at the Ethiopian Con­sulate and the pres­i­den­tial palace in Hargeisa in Octo­ber 2009. The sec­ond, Farah Mohamad Beledi, car­ried out a sui­cide bomb­ing in May 2011, tar­get­ing a mil­i­tary base out­side Mogadishu, the Somali capital.

Most of the Amer­i­can men that have trained with Al Shabaab are believed to have been rad­i­cal­ized in the U.S., and have been recruited by Al Shabaab both on the Inter­net and in per­son. Omar Ham­mami, an Amer­i­can cit­i­zen from Alabama, is per­haps the most well-known Amer­i­can recruiter for Al Shabaab. The group dis­sem­i­nated online pro­pa­ganda videos fea­tur­ing Ham­mami to recruit young Amer­i­can men to join its insurgency.omar-hammami-twitter

Ham­mami was report­edly exe­cuted in Soma­lia last week by his for­mer asso­ciates. Ham­mami appar­ently split with Al Shabaab over his belief that it was inter­ested only in local pol­i­tics and the fight in Soma­lia, rather than the cause of a global ”jiahd of the entire Ummah [Mus­lim nation].”

Although most of Al Shabaab’s vio­lent acts have occurred within Somalia’s bor­ders, it has expressed a will­ing­ness to attack out­side tar­gets. In July 2010 it com­mit­ted twin bomb­ings against tar­gets in Uganda that killed more than 70 peo­ple, includ­ing an Amer­i­can aid worker. Dan­ish intel­li­gence offi­cials have alleged that an attempt to kill a Dan­ish car­toon­ist who printed con­tro­ver­sial car­toons depict­ing the Prophet Muham­mad in 2005 by a Somali national six months before the Uganda is linked to Al Shabaab as well.

The group has also declared an “open bat­tle” against Israel, which it deems the “oppress­ing Zion­ist entity,” and Jew­ish inter­ests in Africa. Israelis owned stores in the West­gate mall and the attack under­scores Al Shabaab’s bat­tle with Jews and Israel.

See ADL’s Report: Al Shabaab’s Amer­i­can Recruits

 

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