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October 9, 2015 5

Terror in Israel, A Reality We Know Too Well

By: Car­ole Nuriel, ADL’s Jerusalem Office

Over the past two weeks, a wave of ter­ror has once again hit Israel. For those of us who grew up in Israel dur­ing the 1980s, this is an unfor­tu­nate real­ity we know all too well. Israelis suf­fered through two intifadas, waves of ter­ror attacks includ­ing sui­cide bombs, shoot­ings, run-over attacks, stone throw­ing and Molo­tov cock­tails. Yet there is a feel­ing now that this par­tic­u­lar wave of ter­ror is dif­fer­ent. There are a few rea­sons for this:

•       The ter­ror­ists’ pro­file: They come both from Pales­tin­ian areas in the West Bank and from Israeli Arab communities

•       Most of them are rel­a­tively young, some even teenagers

Obvi­ously, another change is the use of social media:  some of the ter­ror­ists have declared their inten­tion to carry out attacks on social media. This tool, which has become the new “city square”, pro­vides a plat­form for recruit­ment, incite­ment, how-tos, as well as for orga­niz­ing crowds to demon­strate and riot against Israeli secu­rity forces.

Israel violence

In many ways, this wave of vio­lence rep­re­sents an on-the-ground ver­sion of the recent Hamas rocket attacks from Gaza, which indis­crim­i­nately tar­geted Israeli civil­ians through­out the coun­try. This wave may have started in East Jerusalem and the West Bank, but quickly caught fire to the rest of the coun­try, and is now tar­get­ing cities like Kiryat Gat, Petach Tikva, Tel Aviv and Afula. Much like Hamas’ rock­ets, much of the fear Israelis are now feel­ing is because of the sense that no place in the coun­try is immune from ter­ror attacks.

Anx­i­ety is felt every­where, as is the nature of ter­ror­ism. I live in Modi’in and have taken Road 443 to Jerusalem daily for the past eight years. How­ever, dur­ing the last few months I haven’t felt safe dri­ving on 443, espe­cially with my kids, as there have been numer­ous stone and Molo­tov cock­tail throw­ing inci­dents on this road. I now feel safer tak­ing High­way 1, even though it means a longer drive to Jerusalem. Indeed, many Modi’in res­i­dents don’t drive on 443 any­more. Some­thing has def­i­nitely changed. Just today, I received a notice that secu­rity check­points will be erected at all entrances to the city, and secu­rity in all edu­ca­tional insti­tu­tions will be increased.

Polls have shown that there is a gen­eral pub­lic con­sen­sus among Pales­tini­ans against ter­ror­ism. But last week we wit­nessed another kind of evil, one which greatly wor­ries me. Dur­ing Sat­ur­day night’s ter­ri­ble stab­bing in the Old City of Jerusalem, Adele Ben­nett, whose hus­band was killed and she her­self stabbed, was report­edly spat on and laughed at by Arab bystanders as she ran to get help with a knife still in her back. What can be more insult­ing, upset­ting and inhu­mane than this inde­cent act?

But this is not only about ter­ror, it’s also about incite­ment to vio­lence. Many of those riot­ing claim Israel is attempt­ing to change the sta­tus quo on Tem­ple Mount. This holy place to both Judaism and Islam has been the focus of clashes and provo­ca­tions for years. It is hard to ignore the dan­ger­ous actions and dis­course of the Islamic Move­ment in Israel, who have sup­ported the Murabitun/Murabitat group, whose sole pur­pose is to pro­voke and insult Jews vis­it­ing the Tem­ple Mount. Incite­ment has also come from senior Pales­tin­ian Author­ity offi­cials, includ­ing Pres­i­dent Mah­moud Abbas who infa­mously declared in a tele­vi­sion inter­view a few weeks ago that Jews are defil­ing the Tem­ple Mount with their feet.

Today more than ever, reli­gious and polit­i­cal lead­ers must under­stand how eas­ily their incit­ing words can lead to vio­lence and terrorism.

There are ongo­ing efforts among Israeli and Pales­tin­ian lead­ers to deesca­late ten­sions. Israelis hope and pray that this will be suc­cess­ful, and that the per­sonal secu­rity will be restored.

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March 27, 2015 1

Arab Media Cartoons Relating to the Israeli Elections and Tensions with the US

Fol­low­ing Israeli Prime Min­is­ter Netanyahu’s elec­tion vic­tory ear­lier this month, and the increas­ing ten­sions in the rela­tion­ship between PM Netanyahu and Pres­i­dent Obama, news­pa­pers across the Arab world pub­lished a num­ber of related anti-Israel and anti-Semitic car­toons. Some rep­re­sent unhap­pi­ness within the Arab world over PM Netanyahu’s vic­tory, por­tray­ing him and the Israeli vot­ers as inher­ently vio­lent and racist, while oth­ers resort to the anti-Semitic stereo­type of Jews and Israel con­trol­ling Pres­i­dent Obama and the US government.

The car­toons reflect a wide­spread view within the Arab world that Israeli elec­tion results rep­re­sent a shift towards a more extreme right-wing stance on the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, which will ulti­mately result in dam­age to the Pales­tin­ian cause. They also high­light a belief that the rift in US-Israel rela­tions will ulti­mately fail to alter over­all US sup­port of and per­ceived bias towards Israel and its policies.

The fol­low­ing are some exam­ples of the car­toons published:

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November 19, 2014 12

Axe Imagery Proliferates Following Synagogue Attack In Jerusalem

Within min­utes of yesterday’s bru­tal ter­ror attack that killed five peo­ple in a Jerusalem syn­a­gogue, images and car­toons glo­ri­fy­ing the attack began cir­cu­lat­ing online.jerusalem-synagogue-axe-hatchet-al-aqsa

The speed with which images glo­ri­fy­ing the killing of Jews with axes and hatch­ets – which the two ter­ror­ists used in their attack – were released demon­strates the ease in which sup­port­ers of such bru­tal attacks can express their sup­port online.

Just last week, a sim­i­lar social media cam­paign glo­ri­fy­ing ter­ror attacks by run­ning over Israelis with cars was launched.

The Abu Ali Mustapha Brigades, the armed wing of the Pop­u­lar Front for the Lib­er­a­tion of Pales­tine, claimed respon­si­bil­ity for the ter­ror­ist attack in Jerusalem and cel­e­brated the oper­a­tion by pro­mot­ing the axe as a sym­bol for “Resis­tance” via its var­i­ous social media plat­forms. (Israeli law enforce­ment say they are inves­ti­gat­ing the claim but pre­lim­i­nary evi­dence indi­cates that the per­pe­tra­tors were act­ing alone.)  

The group’s Face­book page fea­tured an image of the two ter­ror­ists who com­mit­ted the attack, Ghas­san and Uday Abu Jamal, with an axe and a mes­sage read­ing, “Oh Zion­ists, in all the places and by all means, we will har­vest your souls.” Another image posted on the group’s Face­book page shows a masked man car­ry­ing an axe and dis­trib­ut­ing can­dies to cel­e­brate the operation.jerusalem-synagogue-axe-hatchet-ghassan-abu-jamal

The group also posted a state­ment on the Face­book page soon after the oper­a­tion, greet­ing the “Heroic oper­a­tion exe­cuted by the two mar­tyrs Ghas­san and Uday Abu Jamal,” and call­ing to “esca­late con­fronta­tions against the occu­piers and the settlers.”

On the group’s Twit­ter page, a post describes the use of axes in the oper­a­tion as “cre­ativ­ity in the forms of resistance.”

Other groups have cir­cu­lated images and car­toons cel­e­brat­ing the use of an axe to attack Jews, includ­ing Ajnad News, a West Bank based news orga­ni­za­tion. A car­toon depict­ing a man with a knife and hatchet in a syn­a­gogue as Jews around him lie in pools of blood or flee out the door, was posted at to Ajnad’s Twit­ter account at 7:19am (Jerusalem time) – only min­utes after the attack­ers had entered the syn­a­gogue at about 7:00am.jerusalem-synagogue-axe-hatchet-ajnad

Another car­toon shows an image of a hatchet on a car wind­shield as the car dri­ves towards Jerusalem. And a graphic presents pic­tures of Ortho­dox Jews next to image of a mov­ing car wheel, an axe and a gun, and advises read­ers to learn about news from the Ajnad sub­scriber ser­vice on their phones.

Other images cir­cu­lat­ing on social media include an image of a fright­ened Ortho­dox Jew with a Star of David on his hat sur­rounded by knives, axes, cars and guns.

The Ara­bic lan­guage jerusalem-synagogue-axe-hatchet-qassam-brigadesTwit­ter account for the Qas­sam Brigades, Hamas’s mil­i­tary wing, posted images of the after­math of the account and pic­tures of the vic­tims and of the per­pe­tra­tors, as well as a graphic depict­ing a bloody cleaver and an Israeli emer­gency med­ical respon­der in front of a fiery back­ground. All of the images on the Hamas Twit­ter feed have been posted mul­ti­ple times in other loca­tions as well.

Sup­port­ers of other ter­ror­ist orga­ni­za­tions, such as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria and Jab­hat al Nusra, the Al Qaeda affil­i­ate in Syria, have posted images sup­port­ing the attack as well. The major­ity of these are not car­toons but rather images of the after­math of the attack – per­haps a reflec­tion of the graphic con­tent reg­u­larly shared by those ter­ror­ist groups.

Other images:

jerusalem-synagogue-axe-hatchet-anti-semitic

 

jerusalem-synagogue-axe-hatchet-car-terrorism

 

jerusalem-synagogue-axe-hatchet-murder.png

 

jerusalem-synagogue-axe-hatchet-jews.jpg

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