terrorism » ADL Blogs
Posts Tagged ‘terrorism’
July 17, 2015 0

Military Sites And Personnel: A Common Target for Islamic Extremists

The Chattanooga recruiting center attacked by Abdulazeez on July 16, 2015

The recruit­ing cen­ter attacked by Abdu­lazeez on July 16, 2015

The motive behind Moham­mad Yousef Abdulazeez’s attack on two mil­i­tary sites in Chat­tanooga, Ten­nessee, that killed four Marines yes­ter­day remains unclear. His actions, how­ever, are con­sis­tent with other domes­tic attacks and plots car­ried out by U.S. res­i­dents moti­vated by Islamic extrem­ist ideologies.

Mil­i­tary sites and per­son­nel are a com­mon tar­get for Islamic extrem­ists in the U.S. and ter­ror­ist pro­pa­ganda has encour­aged vio­lence against mil­i­tary tar­gets. An Islamic State of Iraq and Syria(ISIS) pro­pa­ganda video released April 14, 2015, for exam­ple, fea­tured images of dead and wounded sol­diers with the cap­tions, “muti­lated sol­diers are com­ing back to your home­land close to des­per­a­tion. Eyes are being lost, bod­ies with­out legs, we want your blood….”

Two of the three deadly Islamic extrem­ist attacks in the U.S. since 2009, (the Ft. Hood shoot­ing and the shoot­ing at the Lit­tle Rock, Arkansas army recruit­ing cen­ter) were specif­i­cally directed at mil­i­tary targets.

  • Abdul­hakim Mujahid Muham­mad was 23 years old when he killed one sol­dier and injured another dur­ing a drive by shoot­ing at a mil­i­tary recruit­ing office in Lit­tle Rock, Arkansas. Muham­mad, a con­vert to Islam, admit­ted shoot­ing the uni­formed sol­diers “because of what they had done to Mus­lims in the past” and said that he “would have killed more sol­diers had they been in the park­ing lot.” He also report­edly admit­ted that he was angry about the killing of Mus­lims in Iraq and Afghanistan. Prior to the Lit­tle Rock shoot­ing, he had thrown a fire­bomb at a rabbi’s house  in Nashville, Ten­nessee, and fired shots at a rabbi’s home in Lit­tle Rock. Loca­tions and indi­vid­u­als that are, or are per­ceived as, Jew­ish or related to Israel are also reg­u­lar tar­gets for Islamic extrem­ist plots. Moham­mad had also attempted to carry out an addi­tional attack on a mil­i­tary recruit­ing cen­ter in Kentucky.
  • Nidal Malik Has­san, was 39 years old when he killed 13 peo­ple at the Fort Hood Army Base in Texas, where he had been work­ing as an army psy­chi­a­trist. Prior to the attack, Has­san had been in con­tact with Anwar Al-Awlaki, the U.S. born English-language pro­pa­gan­dist for Al Qaeda in the Ara­bian Penin­sula (AQAP), who was killed in a drone strike in 2011. In an inter­view with a Yemeni jour­nal­ist, al-Awlaki claimed that Hasan viewed him as a con­fi­dant and he said that he “blessed the act because it was against a mil­i­tary tar­get. And the sol­diers who were killed were not nor­mal sol­diers, but those who were trained and pre­pared to go to Afghanistan and Iraq.”

There have been numer­ous other plots against mil­i­tary insti­tu­tions and per­son­nel in the years since the Fort Hood and Lit­tle Rock attacks in 2009. The fol­low­ing is a sam­pling of those plots that tar­geted spe­cific mil­i­tary facil­i­ties in the U.S. since 2009:

  • April 10, 2015: John T. Booker, Jr., a 20-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from Kansas was arrested and charged with attempt­ing to under­take a sui­cide attack at Ft. Riley mil­i­tary base.
  • March 26, 2015: Hasan Edmonds, a 22-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from Illi­nois and Jonas Edmonds, a 29-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from Illi­nois, were arrested and charged with attempt­ing to join ISIS. Court doc­u­ments indi­cate the two were also for­mu­lat­ing a plot against the National Guard armory in Juliet where Hasan, a mem­ber of the National Guard, had trained, using Hasan’s uni­form and his knowl­edge of the site.
  • Feb­ru­ary 2015: An Unnamed 16-year-old minor from South Car­olina was arrested for a plot to under­take a shoot­ing at a North Car­olina mil­i­tary insti­tu­tion and then travel to join ISIS. He was charged as a minor in pos­ses­sion of a pis­tol and sen­tenced in March 2015 to five years in juve­nile deten­tion, fol­lowed by counseling.
  • Feb­ru­ary 2, 2015: Abdi­rah­man Sheikh Mohamud, a 23-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from Ohio, was arrested and charged with join­ing Jab­hat al Nusra. Court doc­u­ments indi­cate that Muhamud returned to the U.S. with the inten­tion of com­mit­ting an attack against a Texas mil­i­tary base.
  • Feb­ru­ary 7, 2014: Erwin Anto­nio Rios, a 19-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen, was arrested in 2013 and charged with pos­ses­sion of a stolen firearm. He is believed to have been plan­ning to mur­der U.S. mil­i­tary per­son­nel at Ft. Bragg.
  • Sep­tem­ber 29, 2011: Rezwan Matin Fer­daus, a 26-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen, was arrested for plan­ning to fly explosives-packed model air­planes into the Pen­ta­gon in order to “dis­able their (the Amer­i­can) mil­i­tary center.”
  • July 27, 2011:Naser Jason Abdo, a 21-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen, was charged in July 2011 with plan­ning to bomb a restau­rant fre­quented by Ft. Hood per­son­nel and then to tar­get the sur­vivors with firearms. Abdo yelled “Nidal Hasan Fort Hood 2009″ while leav­ing his first court appearance.
  • June 23, 2011: Yonathan Melaku, a 23-year-old nat­u­ral­ized U.S. cit­i­zen orig­i­nally from Ethiopia, was arrested after he fired shots at the National Museum of the Marine Corps, the Iwo Jima memo­r­ial and the Pentagon.
  • June 23, 2011: Abu Khalid Abdul-Latif, a 33-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen and Walli Majahidh, a 32-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen were arrested for a plot to attack a Mil­i­tary Entrance Pro­cess­ing Site in Seat­tle, Washington.
  • Decem­ber 8, 2010: Anto­nio Mar­tinez, a 21-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen and a recent con­vert to Islam, was charged with attempt­ing to det­o­nate what he believed was a car bomb at an army recruit­ing cen­ter in Catonsville, Maryland.
  • Novem­ber 5, 2009: As described above, Nidal Malik Hasan, a 39-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen and army psy­chi­a­trist, killed 12 sol­diers and one civil­ian in a shoot­ing at the Fort Hood army base.
  • July 27, 2009: Daniel Patrick Boyd, a 39-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen and con­vert to Islam, was arrested together with his sons, Dylan Boyd (22) and Zakariya Boyd (20), and four other North Car­olina res­i­dents — Ziyad Yaghi (21), Moham­mad Omar Aly Has­san (22), Anes Sub­a­sic (33), Hysen Sher­ifi (24) and Jude Kenan Muham­mad (20) — with con­spir­ing to mur­der U.S. mil­i­tary per­son­nel in con­nec­tion with Boyd’s alleged sur­veil­lance of a Marine Corps base in Quan­tico, Vir­ginia. Boyd had obtained maps of the mil­i­tary base to plan the attack and pos­sessed armor pierc­ing ammu­ni­tion to “attack the Amer­i­cans,” accord­ing to the Depart­ment of Justice.
  • June 1, 2009: As described above, Abdul­hakim Mujahid Muham­mad, a 23-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen and a con­vert to Islam, was arrested fol­low­ing his attack at the Lit­tle Rock, Arkansas mil­i­tary recruit­ing cen­ter that killed one soldier.
  • May 20, 2009: U.S. cit­i­zens James Cromi­tie (44), David Williams (28) and Onta Williams (32) and Hait­ian native Laguerre Payen (23) were arrested for a plot that involved plant­ing what they believed were bombs in cars out­side of the Riverdale Tem­ple and the nearby Riverdale Jew­ish Cen­ter. They also plot­ted to destroy mil­i­tary air­craft at the New York Air National Guard Base located at Stew­art Air­port in New­burgh, New York.

There have also been instances of indi­vid­u­als who dis­cussed attack­ing the mil­i­tary or mil­i­tary per­son­nel more broadly, but did not have spe­cific tar­gets. They include Asia Sid­diqui and Noelle Velentzas, who were arrested in 2015 and allegedly dis­cussed bomb­ing a mil­i­tary or gov­ern­ment tar­get;  Mufid Elfgeeh, who was arrested in 2014 and allegedly intended to shoot mil­i­tary per­son­nel; and Jose Pimentel, who was arrested in 2011 and plot­ted to attack mil­i­tary per­son­nel and other targets.

Oth­ers report­edly con­sid­ered attack­ing mil­i­tary insti­tu­tions but then chose other tar­gets instead. For exam­ple, Alexan­der Cic­colo was arrested in 2015 and allegedly dis­cussed tar­get­ing the mil­i­tary before decid­ing to attack a uni­ver­sity, and Amine El Khal­ifi, who was arrested in 2012 and allegedly dis­cussed tar­get­ing the mil­i­tary before decid­ing to attack the Cap­i­tal building.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

June 30, 2015 0

ISIS-Related Arrests in June Emphasize Ongoing Security Concerns

Four­teen U.S. res­i­dents from 7 states have been linked to ter­ror­ist activ­ity inspired by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) this month alone.

Nicholas Rovinski of Rhode Island was allegedly part of a Boston-area plot and hoped to travel to join ISIS.

Nicholas Rovin­ski of Rhode Island was allegedly part of a Boston-area plot and hoped to travel to join ISIS.

Of the 14, five pri­mar­ily were arrested for attempt­ing join ISIS (some of them also dis­cussed pos­si­ble attacks in the event that their travel plans failed), one for recruit­ing for ISIS and eight for their roles in domes­tic plots that included a plot to behead Boston area law enforce­ment offi­cers, one to bomb New York City land­marks, the shoot­ing in Gar­land and another to shoot peo­ple and det­o­nate a bomb in North Carolina.

Three of the indi­vid­u­als allegedly used knives in con­fronta­tions with law enforce­ment offi­cials who were mon­i­tor­ing or attempt­ing to ques­tion them (Fareed Mumuni, Munther Omar Saleh, and Usaama Rahim; see below). A fourth indi­vid­ual, Amir Said Abdul Rah­man Al-Ghazi, had also pur­chased a knife but did not use it.

ISIS has pop­u­lar­ized the use of knives in its pro­pa­ganda, both through its use of knives in behead­ing videos and through direct calls for sup­port­ers to arm them­selves with knives or any other weapons avail­able. A speech pur­port­edly by ISIS spokesman Abu Moham­mad Al Adnani in Sep­tem­ber 2014, for exam­ple, told sup­port­ers, “If you are not able to find an IED or a bul­let, then sin­gle out the dis­be­liev­ing Amer­i­can, French­man, or any of his allies.  Smash his head with a rock, or slaugh­ter him with a knife, or run him over with your car.…” That same speech also directly encour­aged tar­get­ing law enforce­ment offi­cials, stat­ing, “Strike their police, secu­rity and intel­li­gence members….”

A Jan­u­ary 2015 speech pur­port­edly by Adnani called for attacks, “whether with an explo­sive device, a bul­let, a knife, a car, a rock or even a boot or a fist,” and a video released in April 2015 stated, “Your neigh­bor is a kaf­fir (apos­tate)… take a big knife and give him what he rightly deserves.”

Munther Omar Saleh allegedly conspired to bomb a New York landmark.

Munther Omar Saleh allegedly con­spired to bomb a New York landmark.

All 14 of the indi­vid­u­als linked to ter­ror in June appear to be moti­vated by ISIS and nearly all appear to have been influ­enced by ISIS’s online pro­pa­ganda and social media presence.

Since ISIS announced its inde­pen­dence from Al Qaeda in 2014, 86% of U.S. res­i­dents engag­ing in activ­ity on behalf of for­eign ter­ror­ist orga­ni­za­tions since 2014 have been linked to ISIS.

A total of 54 U.S. res­i­dents have been linked to Islamic extrem­ist activ­ity in the first half of 2015 – more than dou­ble the num­ber of indi­vid­u­als in 2014.

The FBI, which has indi­cated that it has ongo­ing ISIS-related inves­ti­ga­tions in all 50 states, has issued a warn­ing regard­ing increased secu­rity con­cerns over the July 4th weekend.

The activ­i­ties of the 14 U.S. res­i­dents arrested in June, as described in court doc­u­ments, are detailed below.

  • Usaama Rahim, a 26-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from Mass­a­chu­setts, was killed on June 2, 2015, when he drew a knife after being approached by law enforce­ment offi­cials. Rahim had allegedly con­spired with David Wright, a 25-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from Mass­a­chu­setts arrested later that day on a charge of con­spir­acy to behead Pamela Geller, head of the anti-Muslim orga­ni­za­tion Stop Islam­i­ciza­tion of Amer­ica. The two later shifted their plans and dis­cussed behead­ing police offi­cers. Alleged co-conspirator Nicholas Rovin­ski, a 24-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from Rhode Island, was arrested June 12. Rovin­ski had also allegedly hoped to travel to join ISIS.
  • Reza Nikne­jad, an 18-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from Vir­ginia, was charged in absen­tia on June 10, 2015 with pro­vid­ing mate­r­ial sup­port for ISIS. Nikne­jad, who is pre­sumed to have joined ISIS, had allegedly been encour­aged to travel by Ali Shukri Amin, a 17-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from Vir­ginia who had been arrested in February.

    Decarus Thomas of Arizona allegedly aided the Garland shooters

    Decarus Thomas of Ari­zona allegedly aided the Gar­land shooters

  • Abdul Malik Abdul Kareem (Decarus Thomas), a 43-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from Ari­zona and a con­vert to Islam, was arrested on June 10, 2015, for allegedly aid­ing Gar­land shoot­ers Elton Simp­son and Nadir Soofi. Soofi and Simp­son were killed when they shot at a Texas com­mu­nity cen­ter in May. Kareem is believed to have opened his home to Soofi and Simp­son to dis­cuss their plot and to have sup­plied the rifles they used in their shooting.
  • Akmal Zakirov, a 29-year-old U.S. res­i­dent from New York, was arrested on June 11, 2015, for fund­ing travel plans for Abdura­sul Juraboev and Akhror Saidakhme­tov, New York res­i­dents arrested in Feb­ru­ary for attempt­ing to join ISIS. Juraboev and Said­khme­tov had also allegedly dis­cussed the pos­si­bil­ity of shoot­ing police offi­cers and shoot­ing the FBI head­quar­ters. Juraboev had also allegedly sug­gested that he would attempt to shoot Pres­i­dent Obama on behalf of ISIS.
  • Munther Omar Saleh, a 20-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from New York, was arrested on June 13, 2015, for allegedly con­spir­ing to bomb an unspec­i­fied land­mark in New York City. Accord­ing to reports, Saleh had researched how to acquire mate­ri­als for and build a pres­sure cooker bomb online. Saleh was arrested when he attempted to attack a law enforce­ment offi­cer who had been mon­i­tor­ing him. Salah was arrested together with an unnamed 17-year-old co-conspirator. Saleh’s other alleged co-conspirator,  Fareed Mumuni, a 21-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from New York, was arrested on June 17, 2015. Mumuni also attempted to attack a law enforce­ment offi­cer who had come to his res­i­dence to ques­tion him.
  • Samuel Rahamin Topaz, a 20-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from New Jer­sey and a con­vert to Islam, was arrested on June 18, 2015, for allegedly attempt­ing to travel to join ISIS. Topaz had engaged in con­ver­sa­tions with Saleh and Mumuni, who allegedly encour­aged his plans. Topaz had also been in con­tact with Alaa Saadeh, a 23-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen from New Jer­sey arrested on June 29 and Saadeh’s brother, a U.S. cit­i­zen and for­mer New Jer­sey res­i­dent who was arrested in June in Jor­dan, allegedly on his way to join ISIS. Topaz and Saadeh had both report­edly planned to meet Saadeh’s brother in ISIS con­trolled ter­ri­tory together with Munther Saleh

    Justin Sullivan of North Carolina allegedly planned a domestic attack.

    Justin Sul­li­van of North Car­olina allegedly planned a domes­tic attack.

  • Amir Said Abdul Rah­man Al-Ghazi (for­merly Robert McCul­lum), a 38-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen and a con­vert to Islam from Ohio, was arrested on June 19, 2015, on charges of pro­vid­ing mate­r­ial sup­port to ISIS, being a felon in pos­ses­sion of a weapon and dis­tri­b­u­tion of mar­i­juana. Al-Ghazi had attempted to recruit for ISIS by cre­at­ing pro-ISIS pro­pa­ganda videos. He had pur­chased the gun for which he was charged as well as a machete for his pro­pa­ganda videos. Al-Ghazi had also expressed inter­est in under­tak­ing a domes­tic attack involv­ing the derail­ing of a train.
  • Justin Nojan Sul­li­van, a 19-year-old U.S. cit­i­zen and con­vert to Islam from North Car­olina, was arrested on June 22, 2015, on charges of pro­vid­ing mate­r­ial sup­port to ISIS. Sul­li­van allegedly planned to attack local estab­lish­ments, allegedly for train­ing, and fol­low them up with a bomb­ing. Although the tar­get for his bomb­ing was unspec­i­fied, Sul­li­van expressed intent to kill 1,000 people.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

June 10, 2015 0

ADL Submits Testimony to House Committee on Homeland Security

The House Com­mit­tee on Home­land Secu­rity held a hear­ing on June 3, 2015, on the increas­ing efforts by extrem­ists, such as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), to use sophis­ti­cated social media and other Inter­net plat­forms to recruit mem­bers, share pro­pa­ganda and inspire attacks.Terrorism Gone Viral The Attack in Garland, Texas and Beyond

ADL, which tracks how ter­ror­ist groups exploit new tech­nol­ogy, works closely with the Inter­net indus­try and trains law enforce­ment around the coun­try, sub­mit­ted com­pre­hen­sive tes­ti­mony for the hear­ing record high­light­ing the exten­sive efforts of ter­ror­ists to har­ness new tech­nol­ogy for recruit­ment and radicalization.

The League’s state­ment included details on the unprece­dented num­ber of indi­vid­u­als liv­ing in the United States linked to plots, con­spir­a­cies, and other activ­ity on behalf of for­eign ter­ror­ist groups thus far in 2015.

The hear­ing, titled “Ter­ror­ism Gone Viral The Attack in Gar­land, Texas and Beyond,” focused on the attempted vio­lent attack at a Gar­land, Texas, com­mu­nity cen­ter last month. One of the appar­ent shoot­ers, Elton Simp­son, main­tained an active pres­ence on Twit­ter, with at least eight accounts that he used to net­work with ISIS sup­port­ers prior to the attack. Simp­son is believed to have inter­acted with Mohamed Abdul­lahi Has­san, a per­ma­nent U.S. res­i­dent that may have inspired as many as 11 peo­ple liv­ing in the U.S. to take action in the last two years.

Led by Com­mit­tee Chair­man Michael McCaul (R-TX), Mem­bers heard from three sub­ject mat­ter experts: John Mul­li­gan, Deputy Direc­tor of the National Coun­tert­er­ror­ism Cen­ter, Fran­cis X. Tay­lor, Under Sec­re­tary in the DHS Office of Intel­li­gence and Analy­sis and Michael B. Stein­bach,  Assis­tant Direc­tor of the FBI, on these issues.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,