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October 9, 2015 5

Terror in Israel, A Reality We Know Too Well

By: Car­ole Nuriel, ADL’s Jerusalem Office

Over the past two weeks, a wave of ter­ror has once again hit Israel. For those of us who grew up in Israel dur­ing the 1980s, this is an unfor­tu­nate real­ity we know all too well. Israelis suf­fered through two intifadas, waves of ter­ror attacks includ­ing sui­cide bombs, shoot­ings, run-over attacks, stone throw­ing and Molo­tov cock­tails. Yet there is a feel­ing now that this par­tic­u­lar wave of ter­ror is dif­fer­ent. There are a few rea­sons for this:

•       The ter­ror­ists’ pro­file: They come both from Pales­tin­ian areas in the West Bank and from Israeli Arab communities

•       Most of them are rel­a­tively young, some even teenagers

Obvi­ously, another change is the use of social media:  some of the ter­ror­ists have declared their inten­tion to carry out attacks on social media. This tool, which has become the new “city square”, pro­vides a plat­form for recruit­ment, incite­ment, how-tos, as well as for orga­niz­ing crowds to demon­strate and riot against Israeli secu­rity forces.

Israel violence

In many ways, this wave of vio­lence rep­re­sents an on-the-ground ver­sion of the recent Hamas rocket attacks from Gaza, which indis­crim­i­nately tar­geted Israeli civil­ians through­out the coun­try. This wave may have started in East Jerusalem and the West Bank, but quickly caught fire to the rest of the coun­try, and is now tar­get­ing cities like Kiryat Gat, Petach Tikva, Tel Aviv and Afula. Much like Hamas’ rock­ets, much of the fear Israelis are now feel­ing is because of the sense that no place in the coun­try is immune from ter­ror attacks.

Anx­i­ety is felt every­where, as is the nature of ter­ror­ism. I live in Modi’in and have taken Road 443 to Jerusalem daily for the past eight years. How­ever, dur­ing the last few months I haven’t felt safe dri­ving on 443, espe­cially with my kids, as there have been numer­ous stone and Molo­tov cock­tail throw­ing inci­dents on this road. I now feel safer tak­ing High­way 1, even though it means a longer drive to Jerusalem. Indeed, many Modi’in res­i­dents don’t drive on 443 any­more. Some­thing has def­i­nitely changed. Just today, I received a notice that secu­rity check­points will be erected at all entrances to the city, and secu­rity in all edu­ca­tional insti­tu­tions will be increased.

Polls have shown that there is a gen­eral pub­lic con­sen­sus among Pales­tini­ans against ter­ror­ism. But last week we wit­nessed another kind of evil, one which greatly wor­ries me. Dur­ing Sat­ur­day night’s ter­ri­ble stab­bing in the Old City of Jerusalem, Adele Ben­nett, whose hus­band was killed and she her­self stabbed, was report­edly spat on and laughed at by Arab bystanders as she ran to get help with a knife still in her back. What can be more insult­ing, upset­ting and inhu­mane than this inde­cent act?

But this is not only about ter­ror, it’s also about incite­ment to vio­lence. Many of those riot­ing claim Israel is attempt­ing to change the sta­tus quo on Tem­ple Mount. This holy place to both Judaism and Islam has been the focus of clashes and provo­ca­tions for years. It is hard to ignore the dan­ger­ous actions and dis­course of the Islamic Move­ment in Israel, who have sup­ported the Murabitun/Murabitat group, whose sole pur­pose is to pro­voke and insult Jews vis­it­ing the Tem­ple Mount. Incite­ment has also come from senior Pales­tin­ian Author­ity offi­cials, includ­ing Pres­i­dent Mah­moud Abbas who infa­mously declared in a tele­vi­sion inter­view a few weeks ago that Jews are defil­ing the Tem­ple Mount with their feet.

Today more than ever, reli­gious and polit­i­cal lead­ers must under­stand how eas­ily their incit­ing words can lead to vio­lence and terrorism.

There are ongo­ing efforts among Israeli and Pales­tin­ian lead­ers to deesca­late ten­sions. Israelis hope and pray that this will be suc­cess­ful, and that the per­sonal secu­rity will be restored.

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July 2, 2014 0

European Directives Take Position on Settlements to New Extreme


by Abra­ham H. Fox­man
National Direc­tor of the Anti-Defamation League



In the past few weeks, the gov­ern­ments of Spain, Italy, Ger­many, France and the United King­dom issued direc­tives warn­ing cit­i­zens of risks involved for com­pa­nies engag­ing in eco­nomic activ­ity in Israeli West Bank set­tle­ments, East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, includ­ing the pos­si­bil­ity of vio­lat­ing inter­na­tional law and human rights.

These moves have been linked to the pos­si­bil­ity of sim­i­lar action being taken by the entire Euro­pean Union.  At a moment when Hamas has abused its unity arrange­ment with Fatah to resume fir­ing rock­ets on Israeli civil­ians, and news has just been released that Hamas has viciously mur­dered the three Israeli teenagers it kid­napped eigh­teen days ago, the EU remains focused on Israeli settlements.

The EU’s bureau­cra­ti­za­tion of this pol­icy points to set­tle­ments as the key issue in the Israeli Pales­tin­ian con­flict, and the obsta­cle to a peace agreement.

In real­ity, the issue of set­tle­ments is but one of the numer­ous, con­tentious, emo­tional, issues which must be resolved through direct nego­ti­a­tions, along with the Pales­tin­ian demand for a “right of return”of refugees, the sta­tus of Jerusalem and final bor­ders and secu­rity arrangements.

The new Euro­pean direc­tives stand in stark con­trast to the real­i­ties on the ground in Israel and the region.

As has become typ­i­cal of such state­ments, the warn­ing focused solely on Israel, and made no men­tion of the Pales­tin­ian Authority-Hamas unity gov­ern­ment which con­tributed to the col­lapse of recent peace talks. Fur­ther­more, the warning’s sug­ges­tion that con­duct­ing busi­ness with pri­vate West Bank-based Israeli com­pa­nies could vio­late human rights takes the Euro­pean posi­tion on set­tle­ments to a new extreme.

Israel has a track record of dis­man­tling set­tle­ments in the name of peace, includ­ing those in the Sinai as part of the Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty, and has repeat­edly offered to dis­man­tle many West Bank set­tle­ments as part of a two state solu­tion with the Palestinians.

If Euro­pean gov­ern­ments wish to be seen as a con­struc­tive party in help­ing resolve the Israeli-Palestinian con­flict, they must cease their unfair prac­tice of solely focus­ing on Israel’s set­tle­ment activ­ity, and hold the Pales­tin­ian Author­ity respon­si­ble for their own obstruc­tion­ist actions, includ­ing directly affil­i­at­ing with ter­ror­ist groups like Hamas.

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June 6, 2014 0

MLA Votes “Not Interested” on Anti-Israel Resolution

After months of tumult and advo­cacy among con­cerned mem­bers, the Mod­ern Lan­guage Asso­ci­a­tion (MLA) announced that a res­o­lu­tion crit­i­cal of Israel had failed in its all-members vote.   While the fail­ure to rat­ify the res­o­lu­tion is a suc­cess for its oppo­nents – led by the ad hoc group MLA Mem­bers for Scholar Rights – the real news of the vote is the over­whelm­ing lack of inter­est by the MLA mem­ber­ship to even engage on this issue.

Fewer than the required thresh­old of 10% of the almost 24,000 MLA mem­ber­ship voted in favor of the res­o­lu­tion, with 1,560 mem­bers vot­ing  in sup­port, and 1,063 mem­bers vot­ing against.


The deeply flawed res­o­lu­tion crit­i­cized Israel for deny­ing U.S. aca­d­e­mics of Pales­tin­ian ori­gin entry into the West Bank for schol­arly work.  As with other sim­i­lar efforts, it was pro­moted by a small group of highly politi­cized activists, who, in the words of one attendee at the MLA’s annual con­fer­ence in Feb­ru­ary (which included a panel dis­cus­sion in favor of the boy­cott of Israeli aca­d­e­mic insti­tu­tions), were “intent on politi­ciz­ing the event and tak­ing advan­tage of the membership’s gen­eral lack of aware­ness to foist a wholly non-academic issue to the fore­front of the conference.”

The refusal of the vast major­ity of the MLA mem­ber­ship to get engaged on the con­trived issue of Israel obstruct­ing aca­d­e­mic access into the West Bank reflects the gen­eral unwill­ing­ness of mem­bers of other aca­d­e­mic and pro­fes­sional asso­ci­a­tions who have been asked to pick a side on res­o­lu­tions crit­i­cal of Israel or call­ing for boy­cotts of Israeli col­leagues and insti­tu­tions.    Even the Amer­i­can Stud­ies Asso­ci­a­tion (ASA), an orga­ni­za­tion known for its polit­i­cal activism, could only muster about 1/5 of its mem­ber­ship to vote on a (suc­cess­ful) res­o­lu­tion sup­port­ing a boy­cott of Israel aca­d­e­mic insti­tu­tions in Decem­ber 2013.

For anti-Israel activists, every one-sided res­o­lu­tion, every biased panel dis­cus­sion at an esteemed asso­ci­a­tions’ con­fer­ence, is  seen as an oppor­tu­nity to tar per­cep­tions about Israel, even among the many who refrain from get­ting engaged.  The ongo­ing chal­lenge for sup­port­ers of Israel is to effec­tively coun­ter­act the extreme vil­i­fi­ca­tion of Israel pro­moted by vocal indi­vid­u­als within these pro­fes­sional and aca­d­e­mic asso­ci­a­tions, while pos­i­tively shap­ing opin­ions among the unin­formed and largely unin­ter­ested majority.


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