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May 20, 2016

ADL Alerts Service Providers to Hezbollah Presence on Their Platforms

Hassan Nasrallah, the head of Hezbollah, speaking on al-Manar television

Hassan Nasrallah, the Secretary General of Hezbollah, speaking on al-Manar television

UPDATE: 5/20/16 – Facebook & Instagram have removed the accounts identified in this blog.

Al-Manar, the media wing of Hezbollah, has long broadcast terrorist propaganda disguised as news to the Arab speaking world. After being dropped by two of the largest satellite providers in the Arabic speaking world, ArabSat (which dropped the channel in December 2015) and NileSat (which dropped the channel in April 2016), Hezbollah is relying increasingly on online platforms to maintain its viewer base. As a result, removal of al-Manar presence from online platforms at this time has the potential to significantly disrupt the group’s reach and impact.

Al-Manar, designated by the U.S. State Department as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist Entity, currently has official presence on a number of U.S.-based social media and web platforms, most of which are linked from al-Manar’s official website. ADL has alerted the companies to the group’s presence.

ADL regularly alerts Internet companies to terrorist exploitation of their services, and most companies quickly remove the content when alerted. We have informed the relevant companies of these examples of Hezbollah use of their platforms and anticipate that they will remove the content once again.


Al-Manar has an official Twitter handle, @almanarnews, which can be accessed via direct link from the al-Manar website. The account appears to have been created in July 2010, and has upwards of 334,000 followers. According to the page description, “Al-Manar website News and programs. Al-Manar TV is considered the television of the Lebanese resistance against the Israeli occupation.” The description also includes a link to live streaming of al-Manar broadcasts on the al-Manar website.

Most of the Tweets on the al-Manar Twitter feed include statements promoting violence against the U.S., Israel, and other entities Hezbollah considers to be its enemies. It also features statements and speeches of Hassan Nasrallah, the head of Hezbollah.

Specific examples of Tweets include one Tweet from May 18, 2016 that stated,“The American presence is an occupation that must be fought against,” one Tweet from October 8, 2015 with an image showing a stabbed Israeli civilian and a misleading caption that reads: “an Israeli soldier stabbed in occupied Jerusalem;” and a link to an article that praises stabbing attacks against Israelis. Another Tweet from January 28, 2016 states, “The missiles of the Resistance (Hezbollah) disturb Washington…[because] Israel’s safety comes first [for the U.S.].


An al-Manar Tweet showing a stabbed Israeli civilian. The caption reads, "an Israeli soldier stabbed in occupied Jerusalem"

An al-Manar Tweet showing a stabbed Israeli civilian. The caption reads, “an Israeli soldier stabbed in occupied Jerusalem”


Al-Manar has an official Facebook page titled al-Manar Channel – the Official Page (in Arabic). The page can be accessed via direct link from the al-Manar website and has over 4,000 followers. The page displays al-Manar’s official log and posts news about Hezbollah and links to live streaming of al-Manar television.

As on the Twitter feed, most of the posts on the al-Manar Facebook page include statements promoting violence against the U.S., Israel, and other entities Hezbollah considers to be its enemies, as well as Islamic extremist views and statements and speeches by Hassan Nasrallah.

Specific examples of posts include a cartoon posted on May 18, 2016 depicting an American soldier supporting ISIS and a post encouraging stabbing terrorist attacks in Israel with an image of a knife covered with the Palestinian flag with the Arabic text stating, “stab it in the heart of your enemy.”

A cartoon posted on al-Manar's Facebook page depicting a U.S. soldier supporting ISIS.

A cartoon posted on al-Manar’s Facebook page depicting a U.S. soldier supporting ISIS.

One of the posts, also dated May 18, 2016, includes an admission of the group’s violation of Facebook’s terms of service. It reads, “To our honorable and beloved page visitors, no matter how many pages they shut down. We will always be the voice of resistance which doesn’t know defeat or submission.  We invite you, oh you who love resistance, resistance fighters, and the leader of the resistance to stand right in the face of falsehood to call upon relatives and friends to actively participate in this page, which thanks to God and thanks to your efforts you will continue and win.”


Al-Manar has an official Instagram page called almanarnews. The page has 873 followers and can be accessed via direct link from the al-Manar website. The page’s Arabic-language description states, “Al-Manar website News and programs,  al-Manar TV is considered the television of the Lebanese resistance against the  Israeli occupation.” The description also provides a link for users to “watch the TV channel broadcast.”

The Instagram page displays the official logo of al-Manar and links to live streaming of the terrorist entity’s TV broadcast.


Al-Manar has an official YouTube page called Al Manar Channel 3. The page has 9,669 followers and can be accessed via direct link from the al-Manar website. The page description calls it, “The official page of the Lebanese Media Group al-Manar channel-Lebanon.”

The YouTube page displays the official logo of al-Manar and links to media materials produced by al-Manar. The channel also has a live stream of the al-Manar TV station and includes posts and videos featuring Hezbollah’s military operations.


Al-Manar has an official WhatsApp service called Al-Manar channel WhatsApp service, which can be accessed via direct link from the al-Manar website. The al-Manar WhatsApp service page also links to other al-Manar social media accounts, including Facebook, Twitter and YouTube. The service provides subscription options for groups of five or more people, or for individuals.

The al-Manar WhatsApp service

The al-Manar WhatsApp service

ADL previously exposed Hezbollah use of WhatsApp in 2014, including attempts by the group to interest WorldCup supporters in its services via WhatsApp.


Al-Manar has an official Telegram channel called almanarnews, which has 17,538 followers and is accessible via direct link from the al-Manar website. The channel description states that it is “The official account of al-Manar channel on Telegram” and provides a link for users to “watch the TV channel broadcast” on the al-Manar website.

The channel displays the official logo of al-Manar and links to posts and videos from the satellite station.

Posts on the channel include extensive news about terror attacks in Israel, including posts that read, “Occupied Palestine: The martyrdom of the one who executed the stabbing operation in Jerusalem,” and “The enemy’s media: an Israeli attacked in a stabbing operation in Israel.”

On May 20, AlManar also launched two additional Telegram channels, called Almanarnewsbot and Almanarnews_bot, presumably as backup channels in case their original channel is removed from the platform. They have already begun to post news from the Almanarnewsbot channel, but the Almanarnews_bot channel is inactive as of this posting.

Apps for mobile devices

In the past two weeks, ADL has discovered and alerted platforms to the development of new apps that enable al-Manar streaming for mobile phones. These included an app on iTunes, which iTunes has since removed, and an app on Google Play. Al-manar subsequently posted a statement on Twitter recommending that its Apple users use Telegram to get news and alerts, rather than iTunes. There is reason to assume that Hezbollah will continue attempting to create new apps, as it has done multiple times in the past.

Al-Manar's Tweet advising Apple users to switch to Telegram to receive news.

Al-Manar’s Tweet advising Apple users to switch to Telegram to receive news.

ADL has consistently documented Hezbollah’s creation of apps for mobile devices and alerted platforms to their existence each time. Information on each of these instances is available at the following links:

Hezbollah on Your IPhone: There’s an App for That (2012)

Hezbollah Re-Launches Apps; Blames ADL For Failure Of Previous Effort (2012)

Hezbollah Military Branch Offers Free Podcasts On iTunes (2013)

Hezbollah Is Still Trying To Broadcast Messages To Your Handheld (2014)

Hezbollah Android App Re-Launched For The Third Time (2014)

ADL also regularly monitors online presence and propaganda by other terrorist organizations, including Hamas, ISIS and al Qaeda.

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September 22, 2014

ISIS-Related Arrest In Rochester Underscores Online Radicalization


Mufid Elfgeeh

The online activity of Mufid Elfgeeh, whose arrest for attempting to provide material support for terror, attempting to kill U.S. soldiers, and possession of firearms and silencers was made public this week by the U.S. Department of Justice, underscores the centrality of the Internet in the radicalization and recruitment process.

Elfgeeh utilized multiple online platforms including Twitter, Facebook, YouTube and the android application WhatsApp to try to raise money for foreign terrorist organizations and to recruit three other individuals to join foreign terrorist organizations. His online activity also inspired him to devise a plot to kill Shi’a Muslims and former American servicemen at home.

Social media enabled Elfgeeh to not only learn about the activities of foreign terrorist organizations through videos, tweets and other online propaganda, but to also connect with apparent supporters of those organizations, in particular the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).

According to court documents, Elfgeeh sought donations for terrorists in Syria through Twitter. Among his alleged tweets were requests that people donate a third of their salary or at least “#Five_thousand_dollars_from_every_household” to support militants in Syria. He also tweeted and retweeted statements of support for various terror groups including, “al-Qa’ida said it loud and clear: we are fighting the American invasion and their hegemony over the earth and the people.”

On Facebook, Elfgeeh was a member of at least two Arabic-language Facebook groups in which group members regularly post and share al Qaeda and ISIS propaganda. His own Facebook photos included several images from Al Battar media, an official ISIS propaganda wing.

Elfgeeh also allegedly used Facebook to communicate with individuals he believed were members of terrorist organizations and with the individuals he was recruiting about plans to travel abroad to join terrorist organizations.

In his recruiting, he initially suggested Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and Al Shabaab as possible destinations, and later focused on ISIS. Notably, AQAP, Al Shabaab and ISIS are all terrorist groups that have become highly adept at distributing extensive English-language propaganda.

On April 22 2014, he allegedly posted a message on Facebook attempting to gain connections in ISIS, stating, “Whoever knows a brother from ISIS who is able to communicate well in English, can communicate with me through the private, due to the importance.” He also communicated directly on Facebook with an individual he was recruiting to join ISIS (the individual was in fact an informant).

Elfgeeh was allegedly developing a plot to commit multiple murders in the U.S. as well, apparently inspired by acts of terrorism around the world including Al Shabaab’s attack of the Westgate Mall in Nairobi, Kenya and, in particular, by Mohammed Merah’s shootings in France.

His inspiration for this plot apparently came from watching videos on YouTube. He allegedly explained that he had learned about Merah’s actions because, “[i]t’s in YouTube.” He also allegedly had watched a video that provided justification and instructions for his plot: The video, he stated, “tell[s] you what to do …it’s YouTube…they call them here…’individual wolf’ (an apparent reference to lone wolf attacks).”

Elfgeeh is a 30-year-old naturalized American citizen. Originally from Yemen, he resided in Rochester, NY prior to his arrest where he owned and operated a store called Halal Mojo and Foodmart. He was arrested on May 31, 2014 and pleaded not guilty on September 18.

Elfgeeh is the second American arrested in 2014 for recruiting others to join foreign terror organizations, following Rahatul Ashikim Khan of Round Rock, Texas, who was arrested in June.

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September 12, 2014

Hezbollah Android App Re-Launched For The Third Time

Update – 9/19/14: In response to the removal of the app from the Google Play store, Al Manar posted a statement attributing the removal to a “campaign by the Jewish Anti-Defamation League” and promised to find “alternative ways to provide the application for Android phones.”

Update – 9/13/14: ADL alerted Google to the re-launched app on September 12. The app was removed from Google play later that day. ADL applauds Google’s response to Al-Manar’s repeated attempts to re-introduce this app. 

Last week, al-Manar, Hezbollah’s media arm which is listed as a “Specially Designated Global Terrorist Entity” by the U.S. government, launched an Android phone app through the Google Play online store providing mobile access to its satellite television station, also known as al-Manar.

Hezbollah's al-Manar app for android

Hezbollah’s al-Manar app for android

Al-Manar advertised the launch of the app on the landing page of its website. The announcement asked media network followers to install the app on their phones to receive al-Manar content and news, including high priority alerts.

This is the third time Hezbollah has launched an app with that function; the two prior apps were removed from Google Play. In July 2012, Al Manar first advertised its newly-launched application providing mobile access to its satellite TV. Available originally through Apple’s iTunes service, Apple soon removed the app for violating its terms of service. After the app was removed from iTunes, Hezbollah tried to re-launch it again for Android phones only, but the app was soon removed from Google Play as well. In March 2014 free mobile applications appeared on iTunes and Google Play to provide access to Al Manar programs via iPhone and Android smartphones once more.

Hezbollah has attempted to use mobile apps in other contexts as well.  In June 2014, Al Manar TVlaunched an online competition in time for the World Cup called “Expect and Win” that used the California-based instant messaging service WhatsApp.The competition called on users to submit predictions for which teams would win and offered prizes for selecting the winning teams. In January 2014, Al Manar started using WhatsAppto deliver “breaking news” via text messages to subscribers and to allow its supporters to interact with the station.  In February 2013, the military branch of Hezbollah, The Islamic Resistance (“Al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya”) provided a collection of free Farsi and Arabic language podcasts on iTunes. The podcasts promoted both the terrorist group’s and the Iranian regime’s militant propaganda.

Continuous attempts by the terrorist group to re-launch their smart phone app demonstrate their determination to exploit modern technology to broadcast messages of hate and terrorism to their supporters worldwide.

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